Harding County Health Highlights: Alcohol-Related Injury Death Rates
Alcohol-related Injury Deaths
Harding County Compared to State
*Description of Dashboard Gauge
Description of the Dashboard GaugeThis "dashboard" type graphic is based on the community data on the right. It compares the community value on this indicator to the state overall value.
The community value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the community's 95% confidence interval. If the community's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the community's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the community and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a community should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the community number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
Why Is This Important?Alcohol-related death, injury, and disease are a serious public health problem in the United States and in New Mexico. In the United States, alcohol is the third leading actual cause of death (after tobacco and poor diet/physical inactivity), responsible for more than 75,000 deaths per year.
Excessive alcohol consumption contributes to many different poor health outcomes. Episodic heavy (or binge) drinking (defined as drinking five or more drinks on a single occasion for men and four or more drinks on a single occasion for women) contributes to a variety of alcohol-related injuries, including motor vehicle crashes, poisonings, falls, homicides, and suicides. In the most recent three-year period for which death data is available (2007-2009) the five leading causes of alcohol-related injury death in New Mexico (and the corresponding death rate per 100,000 population) were: falls injuries (7.3 deaths per 100,000); motor vehicle traffic crashes (5.3 deaths per 100,000); non-alcohol poisoning (5.1 deaths per 100,000); suicide (4.2 deaths per 100,000); and homicide (3.4 deaths per 100,000). While alcohol-related motor vehicle traffic crash death rates have declined dramatically in the past 30 years, other alcohol-related injury death rates have remained stable or increased.
How Are We Doing?Alcohol-related injury death rates declined in the United States during the 1980s and 1990s, but they have been increasing in the 2000s as a result of increasing rates of alcohol-related falls injury and non-alcohol poisoning deaths.
Evidence-based PracticesThere is a large body of evidence on effective strategies to prevent excessive alcohol use and alcohol-related harm. The following list summarizes the evidence-based prevention strategies that are well-recommended by experts; and that could be more widely or completely implemented in New Mexico to reduce our alcohol-related problems:
To access this list, please copy and paste the URL into your browser.
For more information on this topic, see the "Evidence-based Practices" section of the Alcohol-Related Deaths indicator report (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us/indicator/important_facts/AlcoholRelatedDth.html).
Alcohol-Related Injury Death Rates by County, New Mexico, 2007-2009, and United States, 2005-2007
NoteThe alcohol-related death rates reported here are based on definitions and alcohol-attributable fractions from the CDC's Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI) website (http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/ardi/Homepage.aspx). Alcohol-related deaths for 1990-1998 were defined by underlying cause of death based on International Classification of Disease version 9 (ICD-9) codes; and alcohol-related deaths for 1999 and later were defined by underlying cause of death based on International Classification of Disease version 10 (ICD-10) codes. The alcohol-related death rates reported here were age-adjusted to the US 2000 standard population. NOTE: The U.S. rate reported here is for 2005-2007, the most recent comparable period for which U.S. death data is available.
Data SourcesPopulation Source: Bureau of Business and Economic Research (BBER) Population Estimates, University of New Mexico. http://www.unm.edu/~bber/. New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health. U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.
Measure Description for Alcohol-related Injury Deaths
Definition: Alcohol-related injury death is defined as the number of injury deaths attributed to alcohol per 100,000 population.
Numerator: The total number of alcohol-related injury deaths per year.
Denominator: The estimated mid-year population for annual rates.
Click on this link to jump to the complete indicator profile report for Alcohol-related Injury Deaths (exits this community report).
Date Indicator Content Last Updated: 12/22/2010