Indicator Report - Alcohol-Related Chronic Disease Death Rates by County, New Mexico 2007-2009, and United States, 2005-2007
Why Is This Important?Alcohol-related death, injury, and disease are a serious public health problem in the United States and in New Mexico. In the United States, alcohol is the third leading actual cause of death (after tobacco and poor diet/physical inactivity), responsible for more than 75,000 deaths per year.
Excessive alcohol consumption contributes to many different poor health outcomes. Chronic heavy drinking (defined as drinking more than two drinks a day for men and more than one drink a day for women) contributes to a variety of alcohol-related chronic diseases, including liver cirrhosis and alcohol dependence. In the most recent three-year period for which death data is available (2007-2009) the five leading causes of alcohol-related chronic disease death in New Mexico (and the corresponding death rate per 100,000 population) were: alcohol-related chronic liver disease (14.4 deaths per 100,000); alcohol dependence (5.1 deaths per 100,000); hypertension (0.7 deaths per 100,000); alcohol abuse (0.6 deaths per 100,000); and hemorrhagic stroke (0.4 deaths per 100,000). Alcohol-related chronic liver disease was the leading cause of alcohol-related death in New Mexico, with a rate almost twice the second leading cause (falls injuries).
Alcohol-Related Chronic Disease Death Rates by County, New Mexico 2007-2009, and United States, 2005-2007
The counties are shaded according to whether the county rate is lower, higher, or the same as the New Mexico statewide overall rate. A county rate is considered statistically higher than the state overall if the lower limit of the county rate 95% confidence interval was higher than the state rate. A county rate is considered statistically lower than the state overall if the upper limit of the county rate 95% confidence interval was lower than the state rate.
Data NotesThe alcohol-related death rates reported here are based on definitions and alcohol-attributable fractions from the CDC's Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI) website (http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/ardi/Homepage.aspx). Alcohol-related deaths for 1990-1998 were defined by underlying cause of death based on International Classification of Disease version 9 (ICD-9) codes; and alcohol-related deaths for 1999 and later were defined by underlying cause of death based on International Classification of Disease version 10 (ICD-10) codes. The alcohol-related death rates reported here were age-adjusted to the US 2000 standard population. NOTE: The U.S. rate reported here is for 2005-2007, the most recent comparable period for which U.S. death data is available.
Data SourcesPopulation Source: Bureau of Business and Economic Research (BBER) Population Estimates, University of New Mexico. http://www.unm.edu/~bber/.New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.
DefinitionAlcohol-related chronic disease death is defined as the number of chronic disease deaths attributed to alcohol per 100,000 population.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 12/22/2010, Published on 06/14/2012