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Health Highlight Report for Harding County

Birth Defects: Prevalence of Spina Bifida (without Anencephaly) per 10,000 Live Births: Prevalence per 10,000 Live Births, 2006-2011

  • Harding County
    0
    95% Confidence Interval (0 - 0)
    Statistical StabilityUnstable
    New Mexico
    4.9
    U.S.DNA
    DNA=Data not available.
  • Harding County Compared to State

    gauge ranking
    Description of Dashboard Gauge

    Description of the Dashboard Gauge

    This "dashboard" type graphic is based on the community data on the right. It compares the community value on this indicator to the state overall value.
    • Excellent = The community's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
    • Watch = The community's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Improvement Needed = The community's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Reason for Concern = The community's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.

    The community value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the community's 95% confidence interval. If the community's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."
    NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the community's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the community and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a community should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the community number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.

Why Is This Important?

Birth defects pose a significant public health problem. One in 33 babies is born with a structural birth defect in the United States. Birth defects are a leading cause of infant mortality and responsible for considerable morbidity with enormous economic and social costs. In 1992, the U.S. Public Health Service recommended that women of childbearing age increase consumption of the vitamin folic acid to reduce the number of spina bifida and anencephaly cases in the United States. By 1998, <30% of women were following this recommendation. In 2001, researchers from CDC determined that the overall birth prevalence of these two neural tube defects declined 19% after mandatory folic acid fortification.

Healthy People Objective MICH-28.1:

Reduce the occurrence of spina bifida
U.S. Target: 30.8 live births and/or fetal deaths with spina bifida per 100,000 live births

Note

Spina Bifida is a neural tube defect resulting from failure of the spinal neural tube to close. This usually results in damage to the spinal cord with paralysis of the involved limbs. Includes myelomeningocele (involving both spinal cord and meninges) and meningocele (involving just the meninges). The following International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes were used to identify spina bifida without anencephaly: 741.0, 741.9 without 740.0 - 740.10. In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify spina bifida without anencephaly: 741.000 - 741.990 without 740.000 - 740.100. 

Data Sources

Birth Defects Prevention and Surveillance System (BDPASS), New Mexico Department of Health.   Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.  

Measure Description for Birth Defects: Prevalence of Spina Bifida (without Anencephaly) per 10,000 Live Births

Definition: Prevalence of spina bifida is the number of live-born infants with spina bifida but without anencephaly per 10,000 live-born infants. (Live-born infants are infants born with any evidence of life.)
Numerator: Number of live-born infants with spina bifida (without anencephaly)
Denominator: Number of live-born infants

Indicator Profile Report

Prevalence of Spina Bifida without Anencephaly (exits this report)

Date Content Last Updated

07/31/2014
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Tue, 21 May 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 28 Nov 2018 16:54:59 MST