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Health Highlight Report for Rio Arriba County

Infant Mortality: Deaths per 1,000 Live Births, 2012-2016

  • Rio Arriba County
    4.8
    95% Confidence Interval (2.2 - 7.5)
    Statistical StabilityStable
    New Mexico
    5.8
    U.S.
    5.9
  • Rio Arriba County Compared to State

    gauge ranking
    Description of Dashboard Gauge

    Description of the Dashboard Gauge

    This "dashboard" type graphic is based on the community data on the right. It compares the community value on this indicator to the state overall value.
    • Excellent = The community's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
    • Watch = The community's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Improvement Needed = The community's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
    • Reason for Concern = The community's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.

    The community value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the community's 95% confidence interval. If the community's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."
    NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the community's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the community and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a community should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the community number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.

Why Is This Important?

The infant mortality rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health and is a commonly-used measure of public health for countries around the world. While the infant mortality rate has been declining in the U.S., in New Mexico the trend has remained fairly level.

Risk and Resiliency Factors

Risk factors include: congenital abnormalities, prematurity, low birth weight, and air pollution in the form of particulate matter. Risk factors that may increase a woman's chance of fetal loss include: pre-pregnancy obesity, lower socio-economic status, older age, and exposure to chemicals during pregnancy.

How Are We Doing?

Overall, congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities are the leading cause of infant death (20.1% of deaths). Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight are second, making up 16.6% of deaths. However, it is important to keep in mind that cause of death varies over the first year of life, and combining all causes during the first year of life obscures the importance of sudden infant death syndrome as the leading cause of death in the postneonatal period.

Healthy People Objective MICH-1.3:

All infant deaths (within 1 year)
U.S. Target: 6.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births

Data Sources

New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.   Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).  

Measure Description for Infant Mortality

Definition: Infant mortality rates are calculated as the number of resident infant deaths occurring in a given infant age group in a given year per 1,000 resident live births in the same year.
Numerator: For infant mortality: number of deaths of resident infant younger than 1 year of age in a given year. For neonatal mortality: number of deaths of resident infant younger than 28 days of age in a given year. For perinatal mortality: number fetal deaths of at least 28 weeks gestation, plus the number of infant deaths less than 7 days old in a given year. For post-neonatal mortality: number of deaths of resident infants from 28 days of age to less than 1 year in a given year.
Denominator: Total number of resident live births in the same year. For perinatal mortality, the denominator is the total number of resident live births plus fetal deaths of at least 28 weeks gestation.

Indicator Profile Report

Infant Mortality (exits this report)

Date Content Last Updated

02/12/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Mon, 21 September 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 21 Jun 2019 11:52:53 MDT