Health Highlight Report for Chaves County
Injury - Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Deaths: Deaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjusted, 2013-2017
Chaves County16.3 95% Confidence Interval(11.8 - 20.7)Description of the Confidence IntervalThe confidence interval indicates the range of probable true values for the level of risk in the community.
A value of "DNA" (Data Not Available) will appear if the confidence interval was not published with the IBIS indicator data for this measure.
Statistical StabilityStableDescription of Statistical Stability
- Stable = This count or rate is relatively stable and should provide a good estimate of your community risk.
- Unstable = This count or rate is statistically unstable (RSE >0.30), and may fluctuate widely due to random variation (chance).
- Very Unstable = This count or rate is extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). This value should not be used to represent your population risk. You should combine years or otherwise increase the population denominator in this calculation.
- DNA = Data Not Available. The required community value and/or confidence interval was not available for this measure.
New Mexico16.8 U.S.11.01
Chaves County Compared to State
Description of Dashboard Gauge
Description of the Dashboard GaugeThis "dashboard" type graphic is based on the community data on the right. It compares the community value on this indicator to the state overall value.
The community value is considered statistically significantly different from the state value if the state value is outside the range of the community's 95% confidence interval. If the community's data or 95% confidence interval information is not available, a blank gauge image will be displayed with the message, "missing information."NOTE: The labels used on the gauge graphic are meant to describe the community's status in plain language. The placement of the gauge needle is based solely on the statistical difference between the community and state values. When selecting priority health issues to work on, a community should take into account additional factors such as how much improvement could be made, the U.S. value, the statistical stability of the community number, the severity of the health condition, and whether the difference is clinically significant.
- Excellent = The community's value on this indicator is BETTER than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
- Watch = The community's value is BETTER than state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Improvement Needed = The community's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, but the difference IS NOT statistically significant.
- Reason for Concern = The community's value on this indicator is WORSE than the state value, and the difference IS statistically significant.
Why Is This Important?Motor vehicle traffic crash-related injuries are the leading cause of injury death for New Mexicans aged 1 to 24 years (14.3/100,000 population). Males between the ages of 15 to 24 years die from motor vehicle traffic crash-related injuries at more than twice the rate for females of the same age, 36.7/100,000 vs. 16.6/100,000 respectively. Among persons aged 1 to 24 years old, American Indians and African Americans have the highest rate of unintentional motor vehicle traffic crash-related injury deaths 23.5/100,000 and 22.8/100,000 respectively, followed by Asians (19.6/100,000), Hispanics (14.1/100,000), and Caucasians (10.0/100,000). Rural and mixed rural-urban counties have higher rates of motor vehicle traffic crash-related injury death than urban counties (25.2/100,000 vs. 18.4/100,000 respectively). The increased risk in rural and mixed rural-urban counties may be due to limited policing of speed limits, increased prevalence of two-lane roads, and longer response times of paramedics and other emergency responders after an injurious motor vehicle crash has occurred, that may be more prevalent in these communities. Distracted driving, speeding, fatigue, and drunk driving are important causes of motor vehicle traffic crash-related injury deaths.
How Are We Doing?The motor vehicle traffic crash injury-related death rate in New Mexico decreased in 2015 from 2014, 15.1/100,000 and 17.6/100,000, respectively; however, the rate increased in 2016 to 19.0/100,000 population.
What Is Being Done?During the last decade the Office of Injury Prevention has supported efforts to pass laws on the use of child safety seats and booster seats in motor vehicles. The NM Safety Belt Use Act of 2001 requires each occupant of a motor vehicle to have a safety belt properly fastened about his/her body while the vehicle is in motion. The New Mexico Child Restraint Act that was passed in 2005 requires children under the age of one to be in a rear-facing child safety seat and children under 5 and children under 40 pounds to be placed in a child safety seat or booster seat. The law also has motor vehicle restraint requirements for 5 to 12-year olds. The Legislature passed, and the Governor signed a bill into law in 2015, prohibiting texting while driving, and providing penalties for violations. A bill was introduced in the Legislature (but did not pass) in 2015, that would have required the use of a motorcycle safety helmet, while another was introduced that would have required the use of a safety helmet or payment of increased fees to permit motorcycle operators or passengers to refrain from wearing a safety helmet. The Child Fatality Review reviews the circumstances of all motor vehicle traffic crash injury-related deaths among children and youth under the age of 19 years to develop recommendations for prevention in the form of legislation and best practices. The Legislature passed, and the Governor signed a bill into law in 2015, prohibiting texting while driving, and providing penalties for violations. A bill was introduced in the Legislature (but did not pass) in 2015, that would have required the use of a motorcycle safety helmet, while another was introduced that would have required the use of a safety helmet or payment of increased fees to permit motorcycle operators or passengers to refrain from wearing a safety helmet.
Evidence-based Practices"Use of child safety seats and safety belts and deterrence of alcohol-impaired driving are among the most important preventive measures to reduce motor vehicle-related injuries and deaths." [Source: Motor Vehicle-Related Injury Prevention, downloaded from The Community Guide website, http://www.thecommunityguide.org/mvoi/index.html, on 10/8/2013.] Recommended interventions for child safety seats include laws mandating their use, distribution of safety seats, community-wide education, enhanced enforcement, and incentive programs. Recommended interventions for seat belt use primary enforcement (versus secondary) laws mandating their use in conjunction with enhanced enforcement programs. Recommended interventions for alcohol-impaired driving include 0.08% blood alcohol concentration laws, lower blood-alcohol content laws for young or inexperienced drivers, minimum legal drinking age laws, publicized sobriety checkpoint programs, mass media campaigns, ignition interlocks, and school-based instructional programs. For more information on the recommended interventions see http://www.thecommunityguide.org
Healthy People Objective IVP-13.1:Reduce motor vehicle crash-related deaths: Deaths per 100,000 population
U.S. Target: 12.4 deaths per 100,000 population
NoteMotor vehicle traffic crash deaths are unintentional deaths from motor vehicle crashes that occurred on a public roadway. Rates have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
Data SourcesNew Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health. New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).
Measure Description for Injury - Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Deaths
Definition: The number of unintentional injury deaths due to motor vehicle traffic crashes per 100,000 population.
Numerator: The number of motor vehicle traffic crash-related unintentional injury deaths per year
Denominator: The mid-year estimated population.