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Complete Health Indicator Report of Asthma Prevalence among Children

Definition

The estimated proportion of New Mexico children 17 years of age or younger with diagnosed asthma.

Numerator

LIFETIME PREVALENCE: Estimated number of New Mexico children whose parent responded, "yes" (within the survey year) to the BRFSS question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor that your child has asthma?". CURRENT PREVALENCE: Estimated number of New Mexico children whose parent responded, "yes" (within the survey year) to the BRFSS question: "Does your child still have asthma?"

Denominator

Number of New Mexico children whose parent responded to the BRFSS within the survey year.

Data Interpretation Issues

Data for this indicator report are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related behaviors, health conditions, and preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, D.C., and U.S. territories. Responses have been weighted to reflect the New Mexico adult population by age, sex, ethnicity, geographic region, marital status, education level, home ownership and type of phone ownership. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (with cellular since 2011). The landline phone portion of the survey excludes adults living in group quarters such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. The cellular phone portion of the survey includes adult students living in college dormitories but excludes other group quarters. Beginning with 2011, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods by adding in calls to cell phones and changing its weighting methods. These changes improve BRFSS' ability to take into account the increasing proportion of U.S. adults using only cellular telephones as well as to adjust survey data to improve the representativeness of the estimates generated from the survey. Results have been adjusted for the probability of selection of the respondent, and have been weighted to the adult population by age, gender, phone type, detailed race/ethnicity, renter/owner, education, marital status, and geographic area. Lastly and importantly, these changes mean that the data from years prior to 2011 are not directly comparable to data from 2011 and beyond. Please see the BRFSS Method Change Factsheet. The "missing" and "don't know" responses are removed before calculating a percentage.

Why Is This Important?

Asthma is one of the common chronic diseases in New Mexico, with an estimated 45,503 children currently having the disease. People with asthma are more likely to miss school or work, report feelings of depression, and experience an overall reduced quality of life. Asthma is also costly, with expenses from routine checkups, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and medications putting a significant burden on families, the health care sector, and the economy. Though it cannot be cured, asthma can be controlled through quality health care, appropriate medications, and good self-management skills. When asthma is controlled, people with the disease have few, if any, symptoms, and can live normal and productive lives. Asthma is frequently diagnosed in childhood. Sometimes asthma symptoms may go dormant for a number of years only to return later in adulthood. Given this complexity, two prevalence measures are helpful in assessing the disease burden: Lifetime prevalence (if an individual has ever been diagnosed as having asthma) and Current prevalence (if the individual reports he or she still has asthma).

How Are We Doing?

Since 2003, the lifetime prevalence rate in New Mexico has slightly increased. Current prevalence estimates have not been consistent enough to discern a trend.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In 2014, the New Mexico lifetime child asthma prevalence rate (10.5%) was lower than the U.S. rate (13.5%). During the same year, the New Mexico current child asthma prevalence rate (6.7%) was also lower than the U.S. rate (9.2%).

What Is Being Done?

The New Mexico Department of Health Asthma Program collects, analyzes, and disseminates asthma data in order to identify populations that have a high burden of asthma. The Asthma Program also works with partners throughout the state (such as hospitals, physician groups, insurance plans, and schools) to design and implement health interventions to lessen the disease burden. Current interventions include providing asthma self-management education to pediatric patients, supporting indoor air quality assessments of homes to limit exposures to potential asthma triggers, and offering provider training on the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) asthma medical guidelines.

Evidence-based Practices

Asthma and its symptoms can be controlled and related impairments or hospitalizations can be prevented. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the NAEPP of the National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute have issued guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. These guidelines translated advances in scientific and clinical research into practical advice for people with asthma, for the health care providers who look after them, and for the communities where they live.

Available Services

The New Mexico Asthma Program, funded entirely through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control, supports health intervention activities aimed at increasing asthma awareness in the state, improving asthma self-management through patient education initiatives, and providing health care provider training on the latest National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Asthma Guidelines for medical practice. The Asthma Program works with partners (e.g., hospitals, physicians, insurance plans, and schools) throughout the state to design and implement health interventions to lessen asthma burden, especially in areas of asthma disparities. Current interventions include providing asthma self-management education to pediatric patients and training Community Health Workers for home visits with people with asthma to assist them in identifying and eliminating irritants and triggers from the house. For more information about the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program's (NAEPP) Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asthma visit https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-pro/guidelines/current/asthma-guidelines New Mexico Asthma Program Information For information about the asthma program in New Mexico visit https://nmhealth.org/about/erd/eheb/ap/ Asthma Program, New Mexico Department of Health, P.O. Box 26110, 1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite N1300, Santa Fe, NM 87505.

Health Program Information

Asthma Program, New Mexico Department of Health, P.O. Box 26110, 1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite N1300, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Heidi Krapfl, Principal Investigator and Bureau Chief, (505) 476-3577, Heidi.Krapfl@state.nm.us.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Asthma prevalence is disproportionally distributed among racial/ethnic groups and low-high income groups in NM. Moreover, language is a barrier to accessing quality health care among these who do not speak English.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Asthma event triggers or risk factors include viral infections, allergens (like pollen in the air, molds, the house dust mites, cockroach droppings, animal dander, or foods), or irritants (like smoke and other air pollutants). Smoking and obesity are also risk factors for asthma. Prematurity is another risk factor for asthma development.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Child Asthma (Age 17 and younger) Lifetime Prevalence, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Question Wording: Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that your child has asthma?
BRFSS by weighting method by NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage Diagnosed with AsthmaLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 28
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method200311.310.112.4
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method200411.710.512.8
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method200514.412.416.6
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20071311.215.1
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method200811.19.513
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method2009131115.3
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method201012.310.514.3
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201114.512.816.3
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201212.110.613.8
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201312.210.614.1
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201410.58.912.3
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201511.99.914.2
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201613.611.216.3
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201714.311.517.5
U.S., Old Weighting Method200311.611.212
U.S., Old Weighting Method200411.811.412.2
U.S., Old Weighting Method200512.912.413.3
U.S., Old Weighting Method200612.812.313.4
U.S., Old Weighting Method200713.51314.1
U.S., Old Weighting Method200813.312.813.7
U.S., Old Weighting Method200913.212.813.7
U.S., Old Weighting Method201012.612.113.2
U.S., New Weighting Method201113.612.914.3
U.S., New Weighting Method201213.713.214.2
U.S., New Weighting Method201313.913.414.5
U.S., New Weighting Method201413.51314.1
U.S., New Weighting Method201513.112.513.7
U.S., New Weighting Method201612.51213

Data Notes

New Mexico data is missing for 2006 because New Mexico did not collect childhood prevalence data that year. Estimates for 2011 and forward should not be compared to earlier years (please refer to Data Interpretation Issues, below).

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence].


Child Asthma (Age 17 and younger) Current Prevalence, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Question Wording: Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that your child has asthma? Do the child still have asthma?
BRFSS by weighting method by NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage Diagnosed with AsthmaLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 28
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20037.5%6.6%8.5%
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20048.2%7.2%9.2%
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method200510.3%8.6%12.3%
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20078.6%7.1%10.3%
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20087.6%6.2%9.2%
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20098.3%6.6%10.4%
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20108.0%6.6%9.7%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201110.4%9.0%12.0%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20127.2%6.0%8.5%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20138.2%6.9%9.8%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20146.7%5.4%8.3%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20159.1%7.3%11.2%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20169.9%7.8%12.4%
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20179.3%7.1%12.2%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20038.1%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20048.3%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20059.0%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20069.0%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20078.9%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20089.0%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20098.6%
U.S., Old Weighting Method20108.4%
U.S., New Weighting Method20118.7%
U.S., New Weighting Method20128.9%
U.S., New Weighting Method20139.3%
U.S., New Weighting Method20149.2%
U.S., New Weighting Method20158.6%
U.S., New Weighting Method20168.1%

Data Notes

New Mexico data is missing for 2006 because New Mexico did not collect childhood prevalence data that year. Estimates for 2011 and forward should not be compared to earlier years (please refer to Data Interpretation Issues, below).

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence].

References and Community Resources

New Mexico Asthma Control Program. https://nmhealth.org/about/erd/eheb/ap/ Breathing Easy in New Mexico. https://nmhealth.org/publication/view/plan/353/ Breathing Easier. https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/pdfs/breathing_easier_brochure.pdf CDC Asthma. https://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking https://nmtracking.org/health/breathing/Asthma.html

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 02/15/2019, Published on 02/19/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 23 August 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 09:42:45 MST