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Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Mothers' Educational Attainment: High School Degree or Higher

Definition

Percentage of live births to women who had completed high school or higher.

Numerator

Number of live-born infants born to women who had completed high school or higher.

Denominator

Total number of live-born infants.

Data Interpretation Issues

Birth records are filed electronically by hospitals. Medical records staff use standard mother and facility worksheets and medical charts to complete the birth registration. Hospital training is provided by the Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS) and is based on the Vital Statistics Act and Regulations, BVRHS documentation, and handbooks produced by CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The electronic birth registration system has online edits and records are reviewed by BVRHS. Additionally, NCHS provides feedback to BVRHS on data quality. The state also provides feedback to the hospitals to improve data quality and contacts the hospital staff for clarification of missing, inconsistent or incorrect entries. Beginning with 2008 births, New Mexico implemented the 2003 standard birth certificate. As a result of changes to question wording and format, some information is not comparable between the 1989 and 2003 birth certificate revisions. This information includes educational attainment, month and trimester prenatal care began, and tobacco use during pregnancy (and, for New Mexico, calculated gestation). In addition, initially, the transition to new questions may have resulted in more incomplete information. For education and prenatal care, differences between years prior to 2008 and births in 2008 and later years are largely related to changes in reporting rather than changes in educational attainment or prenatal care utilization.

Why Is This Important?

A mother's education level affects decisions directly influencing her and her children's health. Worldwide, higher maternal education is linked to decreases in low birth weight, infant mortality, and maternal mortality. Level of education is related to children's physical health and academic outcomes, both as children and adults. Maternal education is associated with children's nutritional status and potential obesity. Children of mothers with a high school diploma or less have a higher likelihood of adolescent obesity. Higher education levels are associated with maternal reproductive decisions including contraceptive use, having fewer children, and a later age of marriage.

Healthy People Objective: FP-8, Reduce pregnancy rates among adolescent females

U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category

Other Objectives

New Mexico Early Learning Indicator


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

The Percentage of Live Births to Women Who Had Completed a High School Degree or Higher by County, New Mexico, 2007-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage with High School Dipoloma or HigherLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 22
New Mexico200772.4%71.9%72.9%22,16430,605
New Mexico200872.4%71.9%72.9%21,84530,156
New Mexico200974.1%73.6%74.6%21,39628,873
New Mexico201074.7%74.2%75.2%20,77127,795
New Mexico201176.1%75.6%76.6%20,73227,251
New Mexico201277.5%77.0%78.0%20,92026,992
New Mexico201378.3%77.8%78.8%20,54926,242
New Mexico201479.1%78.6%79.6%20,55925,985
New Mexico201579.2%78.7%79.7%20,37625,730
New Mexico201679.9%79.4%80.4%19,56924,503
New Mexico201780.8%80.3%81.3%19,14523,708
United States200776.9%76.9%77.0%1,727,1522,245,503
United States200877.8%77.7%77.8%2,096,1322,695,396
United States200978.8%78.7%78.8%2,105,3452,673,336
United States201080.1%80.1%80.2%2,406,5233,003,898
United States201181.5%81.5%81.6%2,624,1193,219,317
United States201282.8%82.8%82.9%2,782,2463,358,734
United States201384.1%84.1%84.2%2,940,8633,496,180
United States201484.9%84.8%84.9%3,214,2623,787,826
United States201585.4%85.4%85.4%3,235,2283,787,993
United States201686.2%86.1%86.2%3,355,7253,894,376
United States201786.7%86.7%86.7%3,300,3153,805,941

Data Notes

Includes New Mexico resident births. Unknown and missing responses have been excluded from the denominator.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).


The Percentage of Live Births to Women Who Had Completed a High School Degree or Higher by County, New Mexico, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

CountyPercentage with High School Dipoloma or HigherLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo83.0%82.5%83.5%18,81222,659
Catron96.0%90.6%100.0%4850
Chaves74.6%73.0%76.3%2,0012,681
Cibola76.5%73.8%79.2%752983
Colfax78.9%74.6%83.1%280355
Curry80.8%79.3%82.3%2,0802,574
De Baca80.4%69.0%91.9%Warning, data unstable3746
Dona Ana76.4%75.4%77.3%6,3438,307
Eddy80.9%79.4%82.4%2,0522,536
Grant83.7%81.2%86.1%742887
Guadalupe84.2%78.0%90.4%112133
Harding100.0%100.0%100.0%1111
Hidalgo80.0%73.9%86.1%132165
Lea71.7%70.2%73.3%2,3403,262
Lincoln81.1%77.8%84.5%430530
Los Alamos97.0%95.6%98.5%492507
Luna62.5%59.7%65.2%7391,183
McKinley79.5%78.0%81.0%2,2992,892
Mora92.0%87.2%96.8%115125
Otero82.1%80.7%83.5%2,3442,854
Quay76.4%71.2%81.6%194254
Rio Arriba74.3%72.0%76.5%1,0691,439
Roosevelt77.0%74.1%79.9%606787
Sandoval87.9%86.9%88.9%3,7684,287
San Juan78.5%77.4%79.7%3,9475,026
San Miguel84.3%81.8%86.8%684811
Santa Fe77.8%76.5%79.1%2,9303,765
Sierra69.3%64.1%74.4%214309
Socorro67.3%63.5%71.1%395587
Taos83.2%80.6%85.7%711855
Torrance78.2%74.6%81.9%381487
Union78.3%70.7%85.8%90115
Valencia78.3%76.6%79.9%1,9402,479
New Mexico79.9%79.6%80.2%59,09073,941
U.S.83.0%83.0%83.0%9,891,26811,488,310

Data Notes

Includes New Mexico resident births. Unknown and missing responses have been excluded from the denominator.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).


The Percentage of Live Births to Women Who Had Completed a High School Degree or Higher by Small Area, New Mexico, 2012-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Areas with high percentages indicate more births to women with a high school or higher level of education.
Small AreaPercentage Who Completed High School or HigherLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 112
1-Bernalillo County, Central Penn54.2%52.2%56.1%1,3522,496
2-Bernalillo County, Central Tabo72.2%70.4%74.0%1,7352,403
3-Bernalillo County, East Gateway94.5%93.0%96.0%873924
4-Bernalillo County, Lomas San Mateo88.9%87.0%90.8%9411,059
5-Bernalillo County, Lomas Girard95.0%93.2%96.9%499525
6-Bernalillo County, Gibson University69.3%66.3%72.3%627905
7-Bernalillo County, Rio Bravo Second59.7%56.3%63.1%475796
8-Bernalillo County, Lomas Broadway72.7%70.1%75.2%8591,182
9-Military Bases97.4%96.7%98.1%1,8921,943
10-Bernalillo County, Isleta Gun Club68.3%65.2%71.4%575842
11-Bernalillo County, Arenal Unser59.9%57.4%62.4%9081,516
12-Bernalillo County, Chavez OneEighteenth68.1%66.2%70.1%1,4722,160
13-Bernalillo County, Southwest90.2%88.0%92.4%654725
14-Bernalillo County, Arenal Tapia56.3%53.7%58.9%7781,382
15-Bernalillo County, Central Coors60.8%58.4%63.1%1,0031,650
16-Bernalillo County, So. Ninetyeight71.7%69.9%73.4%1,7422,431
17-Bernalillo County, No. Ninetyeight89.6%88.2%91.0%1,6981,895
18-Bernalillo County, Montano Rio Grande84.0%80.8%87.3%405482
19-Bernalillo County, Candelaria Second74.2%71.6%76.9%7831,055
20-Bernalillo County, Comanche Carlysle72.4%70.0%74.8%9771,350
21-Bernalillo County, Indian School Pennsylvania84.3%82.3%86.2%1,1201,329
22-Bernalillo County, Indian School Juan Tabo83.3%81.1%85.5%9481,138
23-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Louisiana85.2%83.2%87.1%1,0971,288
24-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Moon89.4%86.9%91.8%539603
25-Bernalillo County, Comanche Juan Tabo86.8%84.7%89.0%829955
26-Bernalillo County, Paseo Louisiana89.1%87.2%91.0%9151,027
27-Bernalillo County, Paseo Ventura96.8%95.6%97.9%903933
28-Bernalillo County, East Mountain92.5%90.5%94.5%627678
29-Bernalillo County, Del Norte93.6%92.0%95.1%915978
30-Bernalillo County, Montano Coors90.2%88.1%92.3%691766
31-Bernalillo County, Alameda Coors93.6%92.4%94.8%1,5331,638
32-Bernalillo County, Alameda Edith78.3%76.0%80.7%9181,172
33-Bernalillo County, Academy Tramway94.0%92.6%95.4%1,0001,064
34-Bernalillo County, Irving Unser92.7%91.5%93.8%1,7721,912
35-Chaves County, Roswell N.W.78.8%77.1%80.5%1,7722,249
36-Chaves County, Roswell S.E.61.6%59.0%64.1%8521,384
37-Chaves County, Other67.1%64.4%69.8%7901,178
38-Cibola County74.0%72.1%75.9%1,5202,055
39-Colfax/Union Counties77.0%74.2%79.8%690896
40-Curry County, Clovis West80.0%78.0%82.0%1,2151,518
41-Curry County, Clovis East87.1%85.6%88.6%1,5741,807
42-Dona Ana County, Anthony Berino Chaparral59.1%57.0%61.2%1,2412,099
43-Dona Ana County, Central Las Cruces64.5%62.0%67.0%8971,391
44-Dona Ana County, Dona Ana Fort Selden83.8%82.0%85.6%1,3471,608
45-Dona Ana County, Hatch and Surrounding Area57.1%53.4%60.8%382669
46-Dona Ana County, Las Alturas Talavera86.1%83.4%88.9%528613
47-Dona Ana County, Mesilla Picacho Mesilla Park67.7%64.3%71.1%489722
48-Dona Ana County, Northwest Las Cruces71.0%68.9%73.1%1,2991,829
49-Dona Ana County, Sonoma Butterfield Moongate80.9%79.1%82.6%1,6131,995
50-Dona Ana County, South Valley65.0%62.0%68.0%629968
51-Dona Ana County, Sunland Park68.0%65.7%70.3%1,0911,605
52-Dona Ana County, South Las Cruces77.0%74.9%79.1%1,1761,527
53-Eddy County, Carlsbad77.8%76.1%79.6%1,6932,175
54-Eddy County, Other73.6%71.6%75.7%1,2951,759
55-Grant County, Silver City79.4%76.8%82.0%741933
56-Hidalgo County/Grant County, Other76.7%74.0%79.4%740965
57-Lea County, Hobbs No.75.5%73.5%77.5%1,3291,761
58-Lea County, Hobbs So.54.3%51.8%56.8%8401,547
59-Lea County, Other69.8%67.9%71.7%1,6182,318
60-Lincoln County77.8%75.2%80.4%766985
61-Los Alamos County93.7%92.0%95.3%797851
62-Luna County61.0%58.8%63.1%1,2212,003
63-McKinley County, Gallup77.5%75.6%79.4%1,4641,889
64-McKinley County, NW71.8%69.2%74.4%8401,170
65-McKinley County, SW72.7%70.5%74.9%1,1541,587
66-McKinley County, Other70.8%68.0%73.5%7621,077
67-San Miguel County, Las Vegas82.6%80.2%84.9%825999
68-San Miguel County, Pecos/Villanueva76.1%71.7%80.4%280368
69-Mora/Guadalupe/San Miguel East80.6%77.5%83.6%518643
70-Otero County, Alamogordo N.E.87.6%85.7%89.5%1,0291,175
71-Otero County, Alamogordo S.W.82.2%80.0%84.3%1,0321,256
72-Otero County, Other65.0%62.9%67.2%1,1961,839
73-Quay/DeBaca/Harding Counties82.9%80.0%85.8%533643
74-Rio Arriba, Espanola and Pueblos71.0%68.7%73.3%1,0901,535
75-Rio Arriba, North75.0%71.9%78.1%573764
76-Roosevelt County/Curry County, Other86.5%85.1%88.0%1,8712,162
77-San Juan County, Farmington North86.6%84.6%88.5%9851,138
78-San Juan County, Farmington Southeast73.6%71.2%76.0%9561,299
79-San Juan County, Farmington West/Kirtland/La Plata76.0%74.1%77.9%1,4581,919
80-San Juan County, North/Aztec76.6%74.6%78.7%1,2631,648
81-San Juan County, Northeast/Bloomfield73.0%70.4%75.6%8001,096
82-San Juan County, South73.4%70.5%76.3%645879
83-San Juan County, West77.7%75.6%79.9%1,1201,441
84-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, No.93.1%91.9%94.4%1,4521,559
85-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, So.85.6%82.8%88.3%534624
86-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho West89.7%88.3%91.2%1,5561,734
87-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho So.90.0%88.4%91.5%1,3381,487
88-Sandoval County, Bernalillo/Placitas73.9%70.6%77.2%493667
89-Sandoval County, Corrales90.4%86.2%94.6%170188
90-Sandoval County Other East76.6%73.6%79.6%576752
91-Sandoval County Other West73.3%70.0%76.6%508693
92-Santa Fe County, East Foothills + Eldorado87.4%84.8%90.0%547626
93-Santa Fe County, Opera Vicinity78.3%74.8%81.8%408521
94-Santa Fe County, Pueblos Plus72.0%69.2%74.8%703976
95-Santa Fe Co., Agua Fria Neighborhood + Downtown72.3%69.6%75.0%7531,041
96-Santa Fe County, Agua Fria Village54.5%51.7%57.4%6501,192
97-Santa Fe, Bellamah/Stamm76.8%74.0%79.5%677882
98-Santa Fe County, Airport Road62.4%59.8%64.9%8661,388
99-Santa Fe County, South82.4%79.4%85.4%516626
101-Sierra/Catron Counties70.6%67.0%74.2%442626
102-Socorro County67.8%65.2%70.5%8081,191
103-Torrance County75.9%73.0%78.8%655863
104-Taos County, Northwest80.2%76.2%84.2%304379
105-Taos County, Downtown and High Road78.2%75.8%80.5%9301,190
106-Valencia County, Los Lunas82.0%79.7%84.3%8761,068
107-Valencia County, NE67.7%64.6%70.8%599885
108-Valencia County, SE69.2%66.9%71.6%1,0301,488
109-Valencia County, West and Belen71.9%69.3%74.5%8081,124
New Mexico76.1%75.9%76.3%104,368137,153
United States84.7%84.7%84.8%15,528,32418,325,109

Data Notes

Includes New Mexico resident births. Unknown and missing responses have been excluded from the denominator.

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).

References and Community Resources

Abuya, B., Ciera, J., Kimani-Murage, E. Effect of mother's education on child's nutritional status in the slums of Nairobi. BMC Pediatrics 2012, 12:80 Dubow, E., Boxer, P., Huesman, L., Long-term Effects of Parents' Education on Children's Educational and Occupational Success: Mediation by Family Interactions, Child Aggression, and Teenage Aspirations. Merrill Palmer Q (Wayne State Univ Press). 2009 Jul; 55(3): 224-249. Magnuson K. Maternal education and children's academic achievement during middle childhood. Dev Psychol. 2007 Nov;43(6):1497-512. UNESCO, Education Counts: Towards the Millennium Development Goals (Paris: UNESCO, 2010), accessed at [http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001902/190214e.pdf] Wang L, Slawson DL, Relyea G, Southerland JL, Wang Y. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Adolescent Obesity in Southern Appalachia, 2012. Prev Chronic Dis 2014;11:E222

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/31/2019, Published on 01/31/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Tue, 22 October 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 17:51:06 MST