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Complete Health Indicator Report of Teen Birth Rate for State and National Comparisons

Definition

Teen Birth Rate is the number of births to females in the age group per 1,000 of the age group female population.

Numerator

The number of births to females in the age group per year.

Denominator

The population of females in the age group per year.

Data Interpretation Issues

The teen birth rate includes live births to teen-aged mothers. It does not include all pregnancies, only those that resulted in a live birth. The rates presented here were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics and use NCHS estimates of the number resident births and girls in the population. These rates should be used if a comparison to another state or the U.S. is desired.

Why Is This Important?

Poverty is one of the most important contributing factors to teenage pregnancy. In 2015, New Mexico ranked highest among all states in percentage of children living in poverty (30% of children age 0-17 in poverty) (Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2016). Some reasons for higher teen parenthood in mixed urban/rural areas include lack of health insurance, increased poverty, transportation barriers, and less access to services. In NM teen birth rates are highest for American Indians and Hispanics. "Nearly all teen pregnancies are unplanned. That is, teens say they did not want to get pregnant or cause a pregnancy. That alone is reason enough to care about preventing teen pregnancy. But, it is also the case that teen pregnancy is closely linked to a host of other critical social issues?poverty and income, overall child well-being, out-of-wedlock births, responsible fatherhood, health issues, education, child welfare, and other risky behavior. Consequently, teen pregnancy should be viewed not only as a reproductive health issue, but as one that works to improve all of these measures." (The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy)

Healthy People Objective: FP-8, Reduce pregnancy rates among adolescent females

U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category

Other Objectives

New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)

How Are We Doing?

The rate of births to 15-19 year old girls in New Mexico has decreased steadily from 65.5/1,000 girls in 2000 to in 34.6/1,000 girls in 2015, a decrease of 47%.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Between 1991 and 2015, the teen birth rate declined by 64% nationwide, in all 50 states and among all racial/ethnic groups. However, progress has been uneven and while New Mexico reached an historic low for teen births, rates are still high. In 2015, Arkansas had the highest rate for 15-19 year olds (38/1,000), followed by Oklahoma and Mississippi (34.8/1,000). New Mexico and Texas both had a rate of 34.6/1,000 followed by Louisiana at 34.1/1,000. (NCHS)

What Is Being Done?

Confidential reproductive health services are provided at low or no cost at Public Health Offices, statewide, and some community health centers and school-based health centers. NM DOH FPP also funds community education programs focusing on service learning and positive youth development, adult-teen communication, and comprehensive sex education. Service learning and positive youth development programs promote positive outcomes for teens by providing meaningful service to develop and practice life skills. Through community engagement and positive relationships, teens develop self-efficacy and adopt healthy behaviors enabling them to reach their full developmental potential. Wyman's Teen Outreach Program (TOP) is an evidence based, nine-month, youth development program designed for youth ages 11-19. The curriculum allows for adaptable lessons based on maturity, level of understanding of a topic, and relevant events and issues affecting teens. TOP is based on three main components: Educational Peer Group Meetings, Positive Adult Guidance and Support, and Community Service Learning. These main components assist teens in achieving the three main goals of TOP: Life Skills, Healthy Behaviors, and a Sense of Purpose. In addition to these attributes, TOP has also seen evidence based behavioral outcomes in the form of a lower rates of school suspensions, course failures, and teen pregnancies. Project AIM (Adult Identity Mentoring) is an evidence based program designed specifically for youth ages 11-14. This six-week program promotes motivation for students to reduce risky behavior. Project AIM is based on the Theory of Possible Selves and Prevention vs. Promotion Motivation. Youth are encouraged to think about their ?Future Selves? and how their choices can directly impact their future images, both positively and/or negatively. Youth in both TOP and Project AIM are encouraged to visit either a Public Health Office or School Based Health Center to learn about the services available for teens. Teens also have the opportunity to ask questions at the clinics, which fosters communication between the teens and staff. Adult/teen communication programming, like From Playground to Prom, gives adults information and skills to communicate effectively with young people about reducing risky sexual behavior. Parents influence teen decisions about sex more than their friends, the media, or their siblings. Most teens say that it would be much easier for them to postpone sexual activity if they had open, honest conversations with their parents or trusted adults. NM DOH FPP launched the BrdzNBz text messaging service in 2013. BrdsNBz New Mexico offers teens and free, confidential, and accurate answers to sexual health questions via text message in either English or Spanish. A teen texts a question and a trained health educator responds within 24 hours, with an average time of 6 to 8 hours. Teens text NMTeen to 66746 to opt in to the service. Other State Agencies that work with teen pregnancy prevention include: Office of School and Adolescent Health provides primary care and behavioral health care at School-Based Health Centers. Family planning services are provided where approved by the school district.

Evidence-based Practices

Confidential clinical family planning services including shared-decision making counseling, birth control and laboratory tests. Increased access to confidential, low- or no-cost family planning services through county public health offices, community clinics, and school-based health centers. Increased access to most and moderately effective contraceptive methods for teens, such as the hormonal implant, the IUD (intrauterine device), pill, injectable, and ring. Service-learning and positive youth development programs, adult-teen communication programs. Telemedicine services to increase access to birth control for high risk populations in areas with clinician shortages.

Available Services

Family planning clinical services offer access to confidential reproductive health services at low or no cost. Confidential clinical family planning services include shared-decision making counseling, birth control and laboratory tests. Find a family planning clinic: https://www.opa-fpclinicdb.com/ BrdsNBz New Mexico offers teens and free, confidential, and accurate answers to sexual health questions via text message in either English or Spanish. A teen texts a question and a trained health educator responds within 24 hours, with an average time of 6 to 8 hours. Teens text NMTeen to 66746 to opt in to the service.

Health Program Information

New Mexico Department of Health Family Planning Program https://nmhealth.org/about/phd/fhb/fpp/


Related Indicators

Health Care System Factors

There is a lack of access to family planning services with all but one of NM counties classified as a health professional shortage area.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Poverty is one of the most important contributing factors to teenage pregnancy. In 2013, New Mexico ranked 2nd among all states and the District of Columbia in percentage of children living in poverty (30.1% of children age 0-17 in poverty). Teens who have dropped out of school are more likely to become pregnant and have a child than their peers who stay in school. The NM high school dropout rate in 2012 was 29.6%, compared to 24.5% nationally. Teen parenthood is most common in rural areas.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

A separate Teen Birth Rate indicator, listed below, uses data from the New Mexico Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, and provides sub-state geographic and race/ethnicity comparisons.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Teen Birth Rate for Girls Age 10-14 by Year, NCHS data for National Comparison, New Mexico and U.S. 1990-2014

::chart - missing::

NM vs. U.S.YearBirths per 1,000 Girls in the PopulationNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 53
New Mexico19901.58860,237
New Mexico19911.17062,626
New Mexico19921.28065,109
New Mexico19931.49568,323
New Mexico19941.812470,049
New Mexico19951.511071,207
New Mexico19961.28471,667
New Mexico19971.39372,373
New Mexico19981.410271,875
New Mexico19991.410271,938
New Mexico20001.17872,347
New Mexico20011.17972,549
New Mexico20021.28972,590
New Mexico200317472,397
New Mexico20040.96271,910
New Mexico20051.28870,909
New Mexico20060.96368,765
New Mexico200717269,350
New Mexico20080.96368,765
New Mexico20090.85268,891
New Mexico20100.74669,836
New Mexico20110.64470,014
New Mexico20120.75169,884
New Mexico20130.53369,276
New Mexico20140.53168,875
New Mexico20150.3
United States19901.4
United States19911.4
United States19921.4
United States19931.4
United States19941.4
United States19951.3
United States19961.2
United States19971.1
United States19981
United States19990.9
United States20000.8
United States20010.8
United States20020.7
United States20030.6
United States20040.6
United States20050.6
United States20060.6
United States20070.6
United States20080.6
United States20090.5
United States20100.4
United States20110.4
United States20120.4
United States20130.3
United States20140.3
United States20150.2
United States20160.2U.S. 2016 provisional value.

Data Notes

These rates should be used if a comparison to another state or the U.S. is desired.

Data Source

U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.


Teen Birth Rate for Girls Age 15-17 by Year, NCHS data for National Comparison, New Mexico and U.S., 1990-2016

::chart - missing::

NM vs. U.S.YearBirths per 1,000 Girls in the PopulationNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 53
New Mexico199046.91,56033,544
New Mexico199149.7
New Mexico199250.9
New Mexico199353
New Mexico199451.3
New Mexico199548.2
New Mexico199645.1
New Mexico199743.2
New Mexico199843.5
New Mexico199941.7
New Mexico200039.1
New Mexico200137.9
New Mexico200237
New Mexico200337
New Mexico200437.3
New Mexico200536.5
New Mexico200635.3
New Mexico200735.7
New Mexico200836
New Mexico200934.1
New Mexico201029.9
New Mexico201126.3
New Mexico201224.1
New Mexico201322.3
New Mexico201419
New Mexico201517.1
United States199037.5
United States199138.6
United States199237.6
United States199337.5
United States199437.2
United States199535.5
United States199633.3
United States199731.4
United States199829.9
United States199928.2
United States200026.9
United States200124.5
United States200223.1
United States200322.2
United States200421.8
United States200521.1
United States200621.6
United States200721.7
United States200821.1
United States200919.6
United States201017.3
United States201115.4
United States201214.1
United States201312.3
United States201410.9
United States20159.9
United States20168.8U.S. 2016 provisional value.

Data Notes

These rates should be used if a comparison to another state or the U.S. is desired.

Data Source

U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.


Teen Birth Rate for Girls Age 18-19 by Year, NCHS data for National Comparison, New Mexico and U.S., 1990-2015

::chart - missing::

NM vs. U.S.YearBirths per 1,000 Girls in the PopulationNote
Record Count: 53
New Mexico1990124.6
New Mexico1991124.4
New Mexico1992124.1
New Mexico1993123.9
New Mexico1994118.1
New Mexico1995115.7
New Mexico1996111.8
New Mexico1997108.5
New Mexico1998109
New Mexico1999107
New Mexico2000107.1
New Mexico2001104.3
New Mexico2002104.1
New Mexico2003102.8
New Mexico200496.6
New Mexico200599.4
New Mexico2006105.8
New Mexico2007108
New Mexico200899.6
New Mexico200998.3
New Mexico201086.6
New Mexico201180.4
New Mexico201280.6
New Mexico201374.1
New Mexico201466
New Mexico201561.4
United States199088.6
United States199194
United States199293.6
United States199391.1
United States199490.2
United States199587.7
United States199684.7
United States199782.1
United States199880.9
United States199979.1
United States200078.1
United States200175.5
United States200272.2
United States200369.6
United States200468.7
United States200568.4
United States200671.2
United States200771.7
United States200868.2
United States200964
United States201058.2
United States201154.1
United States201251.4
United States201347.3
United States201443.8
United States201540.7
United States201637.5U.S. 2016 provisional value.

Data Notes

These rates should be used if a comparison to another state or the U.S. is desired.

Data Source

U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.


Teen Birth Rate for Girls Age 15-19 by Year, NCHS data for National Comparison, New Mexico and U.S., 1990-2015

::chart - missing::

NM vs. U.S.YearBirths per 1,000 Girls in the PopulationNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 54
New Mexico199077.94,36756,076
New Mexico199179.54,51856,805
New Mexico199279.74,67058,588
New Mexico199380.64,87360,463
New Mexico1994774,84162,887
New Mexico1995744,84465,450
New Mexico199670.54,77567,757
New Mexico199767.84,70669,436
New Mexico199868.74,86570,837
New Mexico199966.84,75371,114
New Mexico200065.54,65571,066
New Mexico200163.74,52971,147
New Mexico200263.14,51371,516
New Mexico200362.84,52472,033
New Mexico200460.64,40172,610
New Mexico200561.24,47173,095
New Mexico200662.74,62873,765
New Mexico200763.94,72073,811
New Mexico200861.44,54073,912
New Mexico200960.34,43873,571
New Mexico201053.23,87272,813
New Mexico201148.43,45271,265
New Mexico201247.13,27569,597
New Mexico201343.22,95968,456
New Mexico201437.82,54367,350
New Mexico201534.6
New Mexico201629.8
United States199059.9
United States199161.8
United States199260.3
United States199359
United States199458.2
United States199556
United States199653.5
United States199751.3
United States199850.3
United States199948.8
United States200047.7
United States200145
United States200242.6
United States200341.1
United States200440.5
United States200539.7
United States200641.1
United States200741.5
United States200840.2
United States200937.9
United States201034.2
United States201131.3
United States201229.4
United States201326.6
United States201424.2
United States201522.3
United States201620.3U.S. 2016 provisional value.

Data Notes

These rates should be used if a comparison to another state or the U.S. is desired.

Data Source

U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.

References and Community Resources

National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancyhttp://www.thenationalcampaign.org/ Office of Population Affairs (OPA) [https://www.opa-fpclinicdb.com/] Bedsider Birth Control [https://www.bedsider.org/] Sex in the (Non) City: Teen Childbearing in Rural America http://thenationalcampaign.org/resource/sex-non-city Annie E. Casey Foundation's KIDS COUNT data centerhttp://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/ National Center for Health Statistics https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/teen-births.htm Guttmacher Institute: U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions, 2010: National and State Trends by Age, Race and Ethnicity http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/USTPtrends10.pdf

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/22/2018, Published on 01/26/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sun, 05 July 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 26 Jan 2018 14:46:41 MST