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Complete Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Esophagus Cancer


Esophageal cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with esophageal cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) Number of newly diagnosed esophageal cancer cases; and 2) Age-adjusted esophageal cancer incidence rates per 100,000 population.


The number of esophageal cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period.


The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.

Why Is This Important?

Esophageal cancer occurs in the esophagus, which is the tube connecting your throat to your stomach. Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells lining the inside of the esophagus and grows outward. Each year, esophageal cancer accounts for around 1% of all new cancer cases and 2.6% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. This equates to 17,000 cases and 16,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 19%. New Mexico has averaged about 92 new cases of esophageal cancer per year from 2010 to 2015. Rates of esophageal cancer diagnosis in New Mexico have remained relatively steady over recent decades.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)

Related Indicators

Risk Factors

Men and older adults are typically at greater risk of esophageal cancer. The disease is around four-times more common among men than women, with men accounting for 82% of cases in New Mexico between 2009 and 2013. Disease rates also increase with age, with people aged 65 and over accounting for 62% of cases, and people between 45 and 64 years of age accounting for nearly all remaining cases. Esophageal cancer incidence is lower among Hispanics and American Indians than among Whites. Compared to Whites, esophageal cancer rates were approximately 57% lower among American Indians and 38% lower among Hispanics from 2009 to 2013 in New Mexico. Chronic irritation of the esophagus is thought to raise the risk of esophageal cancer. Common factors that can irritate your esophagus and increase the risk of esophageal cancer include: ? Tobacco use ? Alcohol consumption ? Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) ? Precancerous changes in the cells of the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus) ? Obesity ? Eating few fruits and vegetables ? Drinking very hot liquids ? Achalasia, a condition where the muscle in the lower esophagus does not relax, causing food to collect in the esophagus ? Undergoing radiation treatment to the chest or upper abdomen

Graphical Data Views

Incidence of Cancer of the Esophagus - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2011-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

CountyCases per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 34
Catron2.90.07.0Warning, value is very unstable218,435
Cibola1.20.03.0Warning, value is very unstable2137,152
Colfax3.80.17.6Warning, value is very unstable466,550
De Baca0.00.034.7Warning, value is unstable09,788
Dona Ana4.63.45.8-541,074,788
Guadalupe3.40.010.2Warning, value is very unstable122,923
Harding**Warning, value is very unstable3,456
Hidalgo6.20.014.8Warning, value is very unstable223,447
Lincoln2.50.05.0Warning, value is very unstable4101,720
Los Alamos3.20.06.4Warning, value is very unstable489,968
Luna4.91.28.6Warning, value is unstable8124,464
McKinley2.50.64.3Warning, value is unstable7370,246
Mora2.50.07.3Warning, value is very unstable123,960
Quay7.10.713.4Warning, value is unstable543,736
Rio Arriba2.40.64.3Warning, value is unstable7199,982
Roosevelt3.80.17.6Warning, value is very unstable4100,662
San Juan2.40.34.4Warning, value is unstable5143,791
San Miguel3.82.45.2-30683,852
Santa Fe2.61.53.7-25734,498
Sierra5.40.012.4Warning, value is very unstable458,311
Socorro4.60.58.7Warning, value is unstable588,354
Taos2.40.64.2Warning, value is unstable7166,193
Torrance5.01.38.8Warning, value is unstable779,740
Union3.00.09.0Warning, value is very unstable122,343
New Mexico44.43.44.1-46510,472,086

Data Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. **The count or rate in certain cells of the table has been suppressed either because 1) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication, or 2) it could be used to calculate the number in a cell that has been suppressed. For survey queries, percentages calculated from fewer than 50 survey responses are suppressed.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center,
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program,

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sun, 24 October 2021 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Thu, 16 May 2019 10:52:11 MDT