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Complete Health Indicator Report of Cardiovascular Disease - Heart Disease Deaths

Definition

Diseases of the heart include a variety of conditions that may affect different parts of the heart, including the blood supply, the heart muscle, the internal lining and valves, the conduction system, and the membrane that surrounds the heart. Common causes of death from diseases of the heart include myocardial infarction (heart attack), heart failure, and cardiac arrest.

Numerator

Number of heart disease deaths

Denominator

New Mexico Population

Why Is This Important?

In 2017, heart disease was the leading cause of death in New Mexico and accounted for over 20% of all deaths.

Healthy People Objective: HDS-2, Reduce coronary heart disease deaths

U.S. Target: 103.4 deaths per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)

How Are We Doing?

Generally, overall heart disease death rates have been decreasing for decades. However, heart disease and cancer deaths remain the top two leading causes of death in NM and the US. Age and Sex. As is common with chronic diseases, death rates increased as age increased, with a steep increase in the oldest age group (85+ years). In 2017, the heart disease death rate of males, 190.8 per 100,000, was statistically significantly higher than that of females, 116.1 per 100,000. This relationship to sex was seen across all but the youngest age group, 0 to 14 years of age. Race/Ethnicity: Heart disease mortality varied greatly by race and ethnicity. During the 3-year period 2015-2017, in descending order from highest rate to lowest rate, each rate statistically significantly higher than all lower rates, the rates were: Black or African Americans, 213.3 per 100,000; whites, 154.2 per 100,000; Hispanic, 137.1 per 100,000; American Indian or Alaska Native, 121.5 per 100,000; and Asian or Pacific Islander (the lowest rate), 84.8 per 100,000. County: During the period 2015-2017, heart disease mortality rate varied by county. The six counties with the highest rates, five above 200 per 100,000, were Sierra, Chaves, Lea, Curry, Luna, and Eddy counties. The six counties with the lowest rates, all below 120 per 100,000, were Catron, Los Alamos, Santa Fe, Taos, Mora, and Harding. Urban and Rural: NM counties were designated into four groups of urbanicity and rurality, using the National Center for Health Statistics classification scheme. For 2015-2017, heart disease mortality rates were highest and similar in Mixed Urban/Rural and Rural counties, and lowest in Metro and Small Metro counties. The heart disease mortality rate for Small Metro counties was statistically significantly lower than all other Urban/Rural categories.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

US and NM: NM rates were consistently lower than US rates. Rates continue to decrease in US, as a whole. NM rates have remained essentially flat since 2009 but these rates are slightly lower than the rates of earlier years. Over the past ten years, an average 3,406 heart disease deaths occurred annually in NM. Rates for the nation have been decreasing since the 1950s. Decreases in mean blood pressure levels, mean blood cholesterol levels and smoking, as well as improvements in medical care have contributed to this decline in death rates. However, heart disease and stroke remain leading causes of disability and death. (Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Decline in Deaths from Heart Disease and Stroke -- United States, 1900-1999. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.) ]

What Is Being Done?

The NM Department of Health Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention (HDSP) Program within the Population and Community Health Bureau uses a comprehensive, evidence-based approach to promote healthy lifestyles focused on preventing, identifying and controlling high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels among New Mexican adults. Our mission is to improve the health of New Mexicans by implementing and evaluating effective strategies for cardiovascular disease prevention and management. The HDSP program and its partners work with communities, health systems, health care providers and other organizations across the state to implement activities that improve quality of care as it relates to blood pressure and cholesterol control. This will reduce CVD-related illness, save lives and be a valuable investment in population health. Program strategies include: * Assist health systems in tracking and monitoring clinical measures to improve health care quality and identify patients with high blood pressure * Encourage team-based care practices within health systems * Promote sustainability of community health workers/community health representatives/promotoras * Increase the use of self-measured blood pressure monitoring with clinical support * Facilitate referral of adults with high blood pressure or high blood cholesterol to community programs/resources * Advance health equity to improve health outcomes and quality of life * Increase the HDSP?s capacity to achieve and sustain program goals and strategies The HDSP program consults with populations that are disproportionately affected by cardiovascular disease and stroke and/or those that serve them to develop education and services that are culturally appropriate to these populations.

Evidence-based Practices

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites: - The Guide to Community Preventive Services - Health Indicators Warehouse - County Health Rankings - Healthy People 2020 Website Heart Disease and its complications can be prevented and managed through these strategies: * Clinical decision-support systems designed to assist healthcare providers in implementing clinical guidelines at the point of care. * Reducing out-of-pocket costs (ROPC) for patients with high blood pressure and high cholesterol. * Team-Based Care to Improve Blood Pressure Control. * Interventions engaging community health workers/community health representatives/promotoras * Implementing self-measured blood pressure monitoring interventions * Interactive digital interventions for blood pressure self-management * Mobile Health (mHealth) interventions for treatment adherence among newly diagnosed patients CDC recommends specific major activities to implement these seven effective strategies: 1) Clinical decision-support systems (CDSS) designed to assist healthcare providers in implementing clinical guidelines at the point of care. * Implementation of CDSS at clinics and sites that provide healthcare services along with providing technical assistance on proper use of these systems. * CDSS for cardiovascular disease prevention (CVD) include one or more of the following: * Reminders for overdue CVD preventive services including screening for risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol * Assessments of patients' risk for developing CVD based on their medical history, symptoms, and clinical test results * Recommendations for evidence-based treatments to prevent CVD, including intensification of treatment * Recommendations for health behavior changes to discuss with patients such as quitting smoking, increasing physical activity, and reducing excessive salt intake * Alerts when indicators for CVD risk factors are not at goal[[br]] 2) Reducing out-of-pocket costs (ROPC) for patients with high blood pressure and high cholesterol: * Reducing out-of-pocket costs involves program and policy changes that make cardiovascular disease preventive services more affordable. These services include: * Medications * Behavioral counseling (e.g. nutrition counseling) * Behavioral support (e.g. community-based weight management programs, gym membership) * Encouraging the delivery of preventive services in clinical and non-clinical settings (e.g. worksite, community). * Promoting interventions that enhance patient-provider interaction such as team-based care, medication counseling, and patient education. * Increasing awareness of covered services to providers and to patients with high blood pressure and high cholesterol using targeted messages. * Work with diabetes management and tobacco cessation programs to coordinate coverage for blood pressure and cholesterol management. [[br]] 3) Team-Based Care to Improve Blood Pressure Control: * Team-based care to improve blood pressure control is a health systems-level, organizational intervention that incorporates a multidisciplinary team to improve the quality of hypertension care for patients. * Provide technical assistance to facilitate communication and coordination of care support among various team members including the patient, the patient?s primary care provider, nurses, pharmacists, dietitians, social workers, and community health workers. * Enhance the use of evidence-based guidelines by team members. * Actively engage patients and populations at risk in their own care by providing educational materials, medication adherence support, and tools and resources for self-management (including health behavior change). 4) Interventions engaging community health workers/community health representatives/promotoras: * Screening and health education. CHWs screen for high blood pressure, cholesterol, and behavioral risk factors recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF); deliver individual or group education on CVD risk factors; provide adherence support for medications; and offer self-management support for health behavior changes, such as increasing physical activity and smoking cessation. * Outreach, enrollment, and information. CHWs reach out to individuals and families who are eligible for medical services, help them apply for these services, and provide proactive client follow-up and monitoring, such as appointment reminders and home visits. * Team-based care. As care team members, CHWs partner with clients and licensed providers, such as physicians and nurses, to improve coordination of care and support for clients. * Patient navigation. CHWs help individuals and families navigate complex medical service systems and processes to increase their access to care. * Community organizers. CHWs facilitate self-directed change and community development by serving as liaisons between the community and healthcare systems. 5) Implementing self-measured blood pressure monitoring interventions: * One-on-one patient counseling on medications and health behavior changes (e.g., diet and exercise) * Educational sessions on high blood pressure and blood pressure self-management * Access to electronic or web-based tools (e.g., electronic requests for medication refills, text or email reminders to measure blood pressure or attend appointments, direct communications with healthcare providers via secure messaging) 6) Interactive digital interventions for blood pressure self-management: In these interventions, patients who have high blood pressure use digital devices to receive personalized, automated guidance on blood pressure self-management. Devices include mobile phones, web-based programs, or telephones. Interactive content does not require direct input from a health professional. 7) Mobile Health (mHealth) interventions for treatment adherence among newly diagnosed patients: mHealth interventions for treatment adherence use mobile devices to deliver self-management guidance to patients who have been recently diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Content must be accessible through mobile-phones, smartphones, or other hand-held devices. Interventions must include one or more of the following: * Text-messages that provide information or encouragement for treatment adherence * Text-message reminders for medications, appointments, or treatment goals * Web-based content that can be viewed on mobile devices * Applications (apps) developed or selected for the intervention with goal-setting, reminder functions, or both * An interactive component (i.e., patients enter personal data or make choices) that gives patients personally relevant, tailored information and feedback * Mobile communication or direct contact with a healthcare provider * Web-based content to supplement text-message interventions


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Risk factors for heart disease include: high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol, prediabetes, diabetes, tobacco use, secondhand smoke exposure, air pollution exposure, physical inactivity, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, and excess weight. Controlling and preventing these risk factors is crucial in reducing risk of developing heart disease as well as death from heart disease.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 population by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 1999-2017

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confidence limits

The New Mexico age-adjusted heart disease death rate has remained relatively stable for the past decade.
NM vs. U.S.YearDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 39
New Mexico1999208.2201.3215.23,3671,798,161
New Mexico2000191.2184.6197.83,1831,828,596
New Mexico2001195.6189.0202.13,3391,851,525
New Mexico2002178.7172.5184.93,1491,874,593
New Mexico2003174.4168.4180.53,1451,897,658
New Mexico2004170.9165.0176.83,1611,920,756
New Mexico2005178.1172.2184.13,3761,943,827
New Mexico2006171.9166.1177.73,3311,966,890
New Mexico2007163.6158.0169.23,2631,989,996
New Mexico2008155.4150.0160.83,1742,013,064
New Mexico2009150.7145.4155.93,1522,036,124
New Mexico2010148.4143.3153.63,1862,065,194
New Mexico2011148.0142.9153.03,2752,083,725
New Mexico2012145.4140.5150.43,3062,091,432
New Mexico2013144.7139.8149.63,3852,095,156
New Mexico2014141.8137.0146.63,4082,098,381
New Mexico2015141.3136.6146.03,5082,099,856
New Mexico2016148.3143.6153.13,7772,103,586
New Mexico2017150.3145.6155.13,8952,102,521
United States1999266.5
United States2000257.6
United States2001249.5
United States2002244.6
United States2003236.3
United States2004221.6
United States2005216.8
United States2006205.5
United States2007196.1
United States2008192.1
United States2009182.8
United States2010179.1
United States2011173.7
United States2012170.5
United States2013169.8
United States2014167.0
United States2015168.5
United States2016165.5
United States2017165.0

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Data for the United States were obtained from the CDC/National Center for Health Statistics mortality data reports, available online at www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Average Annual Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by Sex, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

The age-adjusted heart disease mortality rate of males was 65% higher than that of females.
Sex, M/FDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Total147.3144.6150.111,1806,308,753
Male187.3182.6192.06,2863,123,925
Female113.4110.2116.64,8943,184,828

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   3-year average age-adjusted mortality rate, directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Average Annual Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by Age Group, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Age is associated with heart disease and death due to heart disease. Rates for each age group were statistically different from the rate for the preceding age group.
Age GroupDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 8
15-241.20.41.9Unstable10865,837
25-347.25.49.061848,065
35-4422.619.226.0167739,203
45-5470.964.976.9540761,658
55-64170.3161.4179.21,408826,768
65-74345.0330.3359.62,116613,390
75-84915.2881.0949.32,736298,959
85+3,488.13,383.53,592.64,128118,347

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk. Some Very Unstable rates have been suppressed.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population* by Age Group and Sex, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Age and sex are associated with heart disease mortality rates. The heart disease mortality rate for males was higher than that of females. Aside from the youngest age group presented, the heart disease mortality rate is higher for each older age group. Within each age group, the heart disease mortality rate for males was higher than the respective rate for females.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesAge GroupDeaths per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 24
Male15-241.10.12.1Unstable5447,145
Male25-3410.17.113.044437,193
Male35-4434.228.340.2127370,825
Male45-54103.393.0113.6386373,646
Male55-64251.5235.8267.1991394,875
Male65-74482.7457.5507.81,403290,682
Male75-841,151.51,094.61,208.41,555135,044
Male85+3,909.83,731.24,088.51,76845,220
Female15-241.20.22.2Unstable5418,692
Female25-344.12.26.117410,873
Female35-4410.97.514.240368,378
Female45-5439.733.446.0154388,013
Female55-6496.487.1105.6417432,693
Female65-74220.9204.7237.1713322,708
Female75-84720.5679.6761.41,181163,914
Female85+3,227.23,099.2355.32,36073,127
All15-241.20.41.9Unstable10865,837
All25-347.25.49.061848,065
All35-4422.619.226.0167739,203
All45-5470.964.976.9540761,658
All55-64170.3161.4179.21,408826,768
All65-74345.0330.3359.62,116613,390
All75-84915.2881.0949.32,736298,959
All85+3,488.13,383.53,592.64,128118,347

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk. Some Very Unstable rates have been suppressed.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Heart disease mortality varied greatly by race and ethnicity. During the 3-year period 2015-2017, the rate for each Race/Ethnic group was statistically significantly higher than the group with the next lower rate, the rates being: Black or African Americans, 213.3 per 100,000; whites, 154.2 per 100,000; Hispanic, 137.1 per 100,000; American Indians, 121.5 per 100,000; and Asian/Pacific Islander, 84.8 per 100,000.
Race/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Alaska Native121.5111.0132.0528572,063
Asian/Pacific Islander84.865.3104.475106,080
Black/African American213.3186.3240.2251135,655
Hispanic137.1132.6141.63,5743,059,504
White154.2150.4158.06,7062,435,451
New Mexico147.3144.6150.111,1806,308,753
United States165.5U.S. value is for 2016

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk. Some Very Unstable rates have been suppressed.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Mexico, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Within each male/female gender group, Black/African Americans had the highest rate, then whites, and then Hispanics. Among males, American Indians and Hispanics had similar rates, and Asian/Pacific Islander males or females having the lowest rates. Across all Race/Ethnicity groups, males had higher rates than females.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 17
MaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native173.5153.3193.7307274,696
MaleAsian/Pacific Islander78.548.1109.02848,099
MaleBlack/African American249.9205.8294.014475,920
MaleHispanic177.9170.1185.72,0721,519,710
MaleWhite192.2185.9198.63,7011,205,500
FemaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native86.074.697.4221297,368
FemaleAsian/Pacific Islander86.861.8111.94757,981
FemaleBlack/African American183.7148.5218.810759,735
FemaleHispanic102.897.6108.01,5021,539,794
FemaleWhite121.0116.6125.53,0051,229,951
AllAmerican Indian/Alaska Native121.5111.0132.0528572,063
AllAsian/Pacific Islander84.865.3104.475106,080
AllBlack/African American213.3186.3240.2251135,655
AllHispanic137.1132.6141.63,5743,059,504
AllWhite154.2150.4158.06,7062,435,451
AllNew Mexico147.3144.6150.12015-2017 rate11,1806,308,753
AllUnited States165.52016 rate635,260

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk. Some Very Unstable rates have been suppressed.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

The heart disease mortality rate varied by county. During the period 2015-2017, heart disease mortality rate varied by county. The six counties with the highest rates, five above 200 per 100,000, were Sierra, Chaves, Lea, Curry, Luna, and Eddy counties. The six counties with the lowest rates, all below 120 per 100,000, were Catron, Los Alamos, Santa Fe, Taos, Mora, and Harding.
CountyDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo143.2138.4148.13,4042,038,559
Catron118.871.6165.93010,821
Chaves222.5203.6241.4537197,816
Cibola142.7118.5166.913782,162
Colfax145.9116.0175.89838,039
Curry213.4189.7237.0310151,004
De Baca177.6101.2254.0215,616
Dona Ana131.4123.0139.7955649,518
Eddy193.8174.2213.4381172,579
Grant146.8127.2166.423386,329
Guadalupe181.6118.2245.03413,406
Harding**Warning, value very unstable2,071
Hidalgo134.387.8180.83213,440
Lea222.1200.5243.7406210,827
Lincoln134.7110.2159.113759,430
Los Alamos115.691.8139.49154,939
Luna204.2176.9231.522274,006
McKinley134.1117.6150.6257220,906
Mora98.555.5141.42413,926
Otero170.8154.2187.5413196,675
Quay183.3143.3223.28225,506
Rio Arriba120.8102.8138.8180118,846
Roosevelt165.6133.0198.210058,666
Sandoval129.8119.4140.1615422,825
San Juan133.7122.4145.0544386,010
San Miguel175.3150.7199.920384,349
Santa Fe110.9102.6119.3704446,484
Sierra237.2197.5276.818734,089
Socorro158.1127.0189.210252,106
Taos106.790.1123.317099,587
Torrance170.9137.5204.310647,081
Union138.888.5189.22912,953
Valencia159.1143.8174.3428228,182
New Mexico147.3144.6150.111,1806,308,753
U.S.165.52016635,260

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk. Some Very Unstable rates have been suppressed.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Average Annual Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by Urban and Rural Counties, New Mexico, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Urban and Rural: NM counties were designated into four groups of urbanicity and rurality, using the National Center for Health Statistics classification scheme. For 2015-2017, heart disease mortality rates were highest and similar in Mixed Urban/Rural and Rural counties, and lowest in Metro and Small Metro counties. The heart disease mortality rate for Small Metro counties was statistically significantly lower than all other Urban/Rural categories.
Urban Versus Rural CountiesDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
Metropolitan Counties142.8138.7147.04,5532,736,647
Small Metro Counties124.2119.0129.42,2031,482,011
Mixed Urban-Rural170.9165.4176.53,6401,808,691
Rural Counties159.3147.6171.0780281,404
New Mexico147.3144.6150.111,1806,308,753
U.S.165.52016 rate635,260

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Data for the United States were obtained from the CDC/National Center for Health Statistics mortality data reports, available online at www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Average Annual Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by 108 New Mexico Small Areas, 2012-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Small AreaDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 110
1-Bernalillo County, Central Penn196.4171.4221.3244139,434
2-Bernalillo County, Central Tabo147.5128.9166.0243157,420
3-Bernalillo County, East Gateway106.889.8123.915598,426
4-Bernalillo County, Lomas San Mateo126.6109.4143.9239103,045
5-Bernalillo County, Lomas Girard127.3102.7151.811475,436
6-Bernalillo County, Gibson University157.7122.4193.17865,552
7-Bernalillo County, Rio Bravo Second201.1156.0246.27748,707
8-Bernalillo County, Lomas Broadway144.7122.0167.4162103,091
9-Military Bases195.30.0406.7Very Unstable657,532
10-Bernalillo County, Isleta Gun Club169.8137.5202.111269,201
11-Bernalillo County, Arenal Unser236.6168.6304.66285,684
12-Bernalillo County, Chavez OneEighteenth200.5155.0246.1103125,867
13-Bernalillo County, Southwest106.769.4144.13663,719
14-Bernalillo County, Arenal Tapia145.9123.6168.216598,747
15-Bernalillo County, Central Coors162.4139.5185.4194113,985
16-Bernalillo County, So. Ninetyeight195.7159.0232.3126145,185
17-Bernalillo County, No. Ninetyeight126.1101.7150.5114128,966
18-Bernalillo County, Montano Rio Grande125.8103.9147.812862,250
19-Bernalillo County, Candelaria Second150.8127.2174.515987,146
20-Bernalillo County, Comanche Carlysle159.0133.0185.014588,725
21-Bernalillo County, Indian School Pennsylvania150.2134.0166.5368130,516
22-Bernalillo County, Indian School Juan Tabo147.0126.3167.8195100,507
23-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Louisiana127.3109.8144.8215109,741
24-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Moon117.595.8139.211365,145
25-Bernalillo County, Comanche Juan Tabo139.7119.2160.218091,294
26-Bernalillo County, Paseo Louisiana135.5116.8154.2206101,735
27-Bernalillo County, Paseo Ventura102.788.4117.0200141,441
28-Bernalillo County, East Mountain157.9130.0185.614296,709
29-Bernalillo County, Del Norte121.094.8147.28797,940
30-Bernalillo County, Montano Coors121.893.6149.97566,571
31-Bernalillo County, Alameda Coors174.0142.7205.3123119,651
32-Bernalillo County, Alameda Edith138.3117.9158.6181102,169
33-Bernalillo County, Academy Tramway109.996.9122.9305141,324
34-Bernalillo County, Irving Unser126.2104.3148.0133141,374
35-Chaves County, Roswell N.W.198.4180.0216.9464160,391
36-Chaves County, Roswell S.E.211.0180.3241.718181,675
37-Chaves County, Other169.6139.5199.712588,343
38-Cibola County150.5130.8170.3228137,215
39-Colfax/Union Counties155.6134.9176.322587,769
40-Curry County, Clovis West211.5178.9244.216081,289
41-Curry County, Clovis East196.6171.3221.9230108,039
42-Dona Ana County, Anthony Berino Chaparral121.197.0145.2100119,457
43-Dona Ana County, Central Las Cruces129.9109.6150.316093,169
44-Dona Ana County, Dona Ana Fort Selden111.292.3130.0136120,723
45-Dona Ana County, Hatch and Surrounding Area105.882.9128.78560,687
46-Dona Ana County, Las Alturas Talavera107.188.0126.313265,017
47-Dona Ana County, Mesilla Picacho Mesilla Park110.085.4134.67860,523
48-Dona Ana County, Northwest Las Cruces118.5100.5136.5169130,278
49-Dona Ana County, Sonoma Butterfield Moongate135.7117.1154.3206143,434
50-Dona Ana County, South Valley119.595.0144.09273,830
51-Dona Ana County, Sunland Park101.679.5123.88295,788
52-Dona Ana County, South Las Cruces136.3110.1162.5106106,758
53-Eddy County, Carlsbad179.2160.5197.8363149,166
54-Eddy County, Other216.8190.8242.7268132,529
55-Grant County, Silver City154.2131.8176.620584,011
56-Hidalgo County/Grant County, Other137.6118.7156.621085,176
57-Lea County, Hobbs No.201.8173.8229.7198106,084
58-Lea County, Hobbs So.226.3184.2268.411272,358
59-Lea County, Other202.1179.3224.9303165,214
60-Lincoln County121.5104.0139.0206101,056
61-Los Alamos County111.593.0129.914290,096
62-Luna County223.2201.1245.3401124,128
63-McKinley County, Gallup129.2108.5149.9151124,396
64-McKinley County, NW125.097.9152.08482,217
65-McKinley County, SW118.993.0144.88599,108
66-McKinley County, Other133.4101.8165.07264,223
67-San Miguel County, Las Vegas212.0183.9240.022278,078
68-San Miguel County, Pecos/Villanueva132.299.5164.86743,256
69-Mora/Guadalupe/San Miguel East115.394.0136.511767,745
70-Otero County, Alamogordo N.E.163.1141.6184.623690,734
71-Otero County, Alamogordo S.W.180.0153.0207.117178,832
72-Otero County, Other166.7145.1188.4238141,024
73-Quay/DeBaca/Harding Counties189.7161.1218.317956,339
74-Rio Arriba, Espanola and Pueblos121.4104.6138.2204140,177
75-Rio Arriba, North111.084.8137.27559,412
76-Roosevelt County/Curry County, Other165.0143.9186.1233150,168
77-San Juan County, Farmington North100.080.5119.510283,679
78-San Juan County, Farmington Southeast132.3106.2158.39976,400
79-San Juan County, Farmington West/Kirtland/La Plata127.1106.6147.5151120,206
80-San Juan County, North/Aztec149.8128.7170.8198126,882
81-San Juan County, Northeast/Bloomfield123.698.8148.59779,628
82-San Juan County, South145.5116.6174.310178,672
83-San Juan County, West120.594.4146.78483,438
84-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, No.145.0121.9168.1167150,213
85-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, So.137.4118.0156.824774,540
86-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho West160.5127.0194.0106129,404
87-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho So.133.9112.1155.7147118,741
88-Sandoval County, Bernalillo/Placitas113.691.1136.011075,966
89-Sandoval County, Corrales125.494.8156.16843,429
90-Sandoval County Other East134.197.1171.15248,194
91-Sandoval County Other West114.585.4143.76250,430
92-Santa Fe County, East Foothills + Eldorado95.980.1111.7155117,864
93-Santa Fe County, Opera Vicinity97.278.4115.910871,240
94-Santa Fe County, Pueblos Plus100.382.3118.212599,725
95-Santa Fe Co., Agua Fria Neighborhood + Downtown141.7126.0157.4353119,631
96-Santa Fe County, Agua Fria Village121.690.0153.26269,847
97-Santa Fe, Bellamah/Stamm145.1124.3165.819091,112
98-Santa Fe County, Airport Road125.084.8165.14790,877
99-Santa Fe County, South146.4116.4176.410777,409
101-Sierra/Catron Counties211.9187.4236.335976,051
102-Socorro County168.2142.8193.717387,846
103-Torrance County191.6163.4219.718779,065
104-Taos County, Northwest108.981.6136.26847,097
105-Taos County, Downtown and High Road101.185.8116.4178119,428
106-Valencia County, Los Lunas130.4105.0155.810481,129
107-Valencia County, NE129.5106.0153.011880,367
108-Valencia County, SE149.0127.0170.9182115,047
109-Valencia County, West and Belen159.7137.3182.0199106,422
New Mexico143.4141.2145.517,19310,494,122
United States165.5U.S. Data are from 2016.

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk. Some Very Unstable rates have been suppressed.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Average Annual Heart Disease Deaths per 100,000 Population by U.S. States, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

In 2017, the most recent year that data were available for all states, the NM heart disease mortality rate was statistically significantly lower than the U.S. rate and that of 21 other states.
StateDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 52
Alabama223.2219.3227.117.1513,1104,874,747
Alaska135.0125.2144.927.03814739,795
Arizona141.9139.3144.418.9112,3987,016,270
Arkansas223.8218.9228.6218,2703,004,279
California142.9141.7144.010.9162,79739,536,653
Colorado122.7119.8125.621.067,0605,607,154
Connecticut141.6138.3145.011.297,1383,588,184
Delaware158.4151.3165.411.641,990961,939
District of Columbia189.8179.2200.36.771,284693,972
Florida145.8144.4147.215.3846,44020,984,400
Georgia175.8173.2178.413.9118,38910,429,379
Hawaii129.8124.6135.015.92,5751,427,538
Idaho162.4156.6168.222.833,0841,716,943
Illinois163.3161.2165.311.5125,39412,802,023
Indiana183.2180.2186.316.3814,4456,666,818
Iowa167.4163.4171.315.237,1803,145,711
Kansas157.9153.8162.118.985,7232,913,123
Kentucky195.9192.0199.717.2910,3434,454,189
Louisiana214.4210.4218.515.3711,2604,684,333
Maine143.5138.1148.920.512,8441,335,907
Maryland164.5161.5167.610.4111,6536,052,177
Massachucetts134.6132.2137.19.9412,1406,859,819
Michigan196.1193.6198.514.6325,1879,962,311
Minnesota119.1116.5121.814.048,2305,576,606
Mississippi231.6226.4236.714.917,9442,984,100
Missouri191.1188.0194.318.8314,8206,113,532
Montana155.0148.3161.729.612,1641,050,493
Nebraska149.3144.3154.314.323,5811,920,076
Nevada199.3194.3204.320.916,4172,998,039
New Hampshire149.7143.9155.419.732,7211,342,795
New Jersey162.3159.9164.68.8318,8409,005,644
New Mexico151.4146.6156.223.513,8962,088,070
New York171.2169.6172.98.5444,09219,849,399
North Carolina156.5154.2158.814.8118,80810,273,419
North Dakota137.8130.1145.420.391,326755,393
Ohio186.2184.0188.414.9228,00811,658,609
Oklahoma237.2232.7241.719.2310,7723,930,864
Oregon134.0130.8137.219.916,9424,142,776
Pennsylvania176.0174.1178.015.8532,31212,805,537
Rhode Island155.7149.2162.212.172,3391,059,639
South Carolina172.0168.6175.416.6810,4185,024,369
South Dakota150.1142.8157.421.961,710869,666
Tennessee202.2199.0205.417.3616,0196,715,984
Texas169.2167.6170.713.3545,34628,304,596
Utah150.2145.4155.121.373,7493,101,833
Vermont152.5144.1160.817.961,332623,657
Virginia154.5152.0157.113.9214,8618,470,020
Washington138.8136.2141.417.5111,5827,405,743
West Virginia192.0186.5197.521.644,8491,815,857
Wisconsin157.6154.8160.515.9811,8605,795,483
Wyoming148.9139.5158.427.11,001579,315
United States165.0164.6165.414.48647,457325,719,178

Data Notes

Heart disease mortality is defined as circulatory, Heart disease (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51). Some rows in data tables may include a note of Unstable or Very Unstable. Those rates labeled Unstable were statistically unstable (RSE >0.30 and <0.50), and may fluctuate widely across time periods due to random variation (chance). Those rates labeled Very Unstable were extremely unstable (RSE >0.50). These values should not be used to infer population risk.   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).

References and Community Resources

1. Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Decline in Deaths from Heart Disease and Stroke -- United States, 1900-1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly, August6, 1999 / 48(30);649-656. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm4830a1.htm 2. Chronic Disease Prevention Council (http://www.chronicdiseasenm.org) 3. American Heart Association (www.heart.org) 4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention (http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp) 5. NM IBIS: https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/ 6. Heart Disease & Stroke Statistics, 2017 At a Glance, https://healthmetrics.heart.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Heart-Disease-and-Stroke-Statistics-2017-ucm_491265.pdf 7. National Vital Statistics Report, Volume 67, Number 5, Deaths: Final Data for 2016, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_05.pdf

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 10/31/2018, Published on 01/09/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sun, 15 December 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 9 Jan 2019 14:25:25 MST