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Complete Health Indicator Report of Cardiovascular Disease - High Blood Pressure

Definition

Estimated percentage of New Mexican adults (age 18 and over) who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that they have high blood pressure.

Numerator

Number of adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System who have ever been told they have high blood pressure by a health professional.

Denominator

Number of adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Interpretation Issues

These data are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (landline only from 1986 through 2010; landline and cellular since 2011). The landline phone portion of the survey excludes adults living in group quarters such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. The cellular phone portion of the survey includes adult students living in college dormitories but excludes other group quarters.

Beginning with 2011, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods by adding in calls to cell phones and changing its weighting methods. These changes improve BRFSS' ability to take into account the increasing proportion of U.S. adults using only cellular telephones as well as to adjust survey data to improve the representativeness of the estimates generated from the survey. Results have been adjusted for the probability of selection of the respondent, and have been weighted to the adult population by age, gender, phone type, detailed race/ethnicity, renter/owner, education, marital status, and geographic area. Lastly and importantly, these changes mean that the data from years prior to 2011 are not directly comparable to data from 2011 and beyond.

The "missing" and "don't know" responses are removed before calculating a percentage. When the data shown are about a specific sub-population, only respondents of that sub-population are included in the denominator.

Why Is This Important?

High blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (i.e., heart attack, heart failure, or stroke) and kidney failure.

For adults who have high blood pressure, controlling it through lifestyle modifications (i.e., diet and exercise) as well as medications can help reduce the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease or kidney failure.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the proportion of adults with hypertension

U.S. Target: 26.9 percent

How Are We Doing?

The percentage of adults who have ever been told they have high blood pressure by a health professional has been increasing in New Mexico.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Compared to the US median, New Mexico's percent of adults who have ever been told they have high blood pressure by a health professional has been consistently lower.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure among Adults by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2005-2013, Odd Years

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

NM vs. U.S. by BRFSS by weighting method Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 10
New Mexico, Post-stratification Weights 2005 22.8 21.5 24.1
New Mexico, Post-stratification Weights 2007 25.6 24.2 27.0
New Mexico, Post-stratification Weights 2009 26.6 25.4 27.9
New Mexico, Raked Weights 2011 28.4 27.3 29.6
New Mexico, Raked Weights 2013 29.5 28.3 30.8
U.S., Post-stratification Weights 2005 25.5
U.S., Post-stratification Weights 2007 27.8
U.S., Post-stratification Weights 2009 28.7
U.S., Raked Weights 2011 30.8
U.S., Raked Weights 2013 31.4

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.   U.S. values are the median of all U.S. states and the District of Columbia for each particular year.

Beginning with 2011 estimates, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods. Therefore, estimates from 2011 and forward can not be compared to estimates from previous years.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure among Adults by Age Group, New Mexico, 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Age Group Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 4
18-34 9.4 7.7 11.3 153 1,615
35-49 21.2 18.7 23.9 394 1,795
50-64 40.0 37.6 42.5 1,187 2,943
65+ 57.2 54.6 59.8 1,657 2,848

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure among Adults by Gender 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Sex, M/F Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 3
Male 31.4 29.4 33.4 1,528 3,933
Female 27.7 26.1 29.4 1,893 5,356
Total 29.5 28.3 30.8 3,421 9,289

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure Among Adults by County, New Mexico, 2011 and 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

County Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit Note Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo 25.9 24.1 27.7 976 3,275
Catron 37.7 25.5 51.8 33 73
Chaves 34.6 30.6 38.9 330 736
Cibola 37.1 31.3 43.3 198 428
Colfax 35.4 27.0 44.9 70 176
Curry 31.3 26.6 36.4 191 472
De Baca 62.7 46.8 76.2 35 57
Dona Ana 30.2 27.6 32.9 645 1,688
Eddy 36.5 31.9 41.4 289 659
Grant 31.7 26.5 37.5 142 381
Guadalupe 34.0 20.8 50.3 21 50
Harding ** Rate was suppressed due to small sample size. 13
Hidalgo 21.2 11.9 34.9 22 54
Lea 31.6 27.6 35.9 276 658
Lincoln 38.4 30.9 46.5 134 284
Los Alamos 24.3 18.4 31.3 65 211
Luna 37.8 30.9 45.2 111 240
McKinley 27.6 23.8 31.9 300 860
Mora 33.2 20.6 48.7 23 62
Otero 37.0 32.4 41.9 267 617
Quay 45.8 35.3 56.7 61 125
Rio Arriba 33.9 28.8 39.4 193 475
Roosevelt 29.6 22.8 37.3 91 206
Sandoval 26.5 23.3 30.0 379 1,101
San Juan 27.5 25.1 30.1 738 1,950
San Miguel 35.7 28.8 43.3 126 322
Santa Fe 26.1 23.6 28.7 493 1,629
Sierra 44.3 34.9 54.1 79 166
Socorro 29.6 21.4 39.3 70 181
Taos 26.8 21.9 32.4 115 366
Torrance 32.2 22.2 44.1 49 128
Union 31.7 20.4 45.8 25 58
Valencia 27.8 23.5 32.5 284 739
NM 29.5 28.3 30.8 3,421 9,099
US 31.4 2013

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.   **Note: Percentages based on fewer than 50 completed surveys are not shown because they do not meet the DOH standard for data release.

The county-level BRFSS data used for this indicator report were weighted to be representative of the New Mexico Health Region populations. Had the data been weighted to be representative of each county population, the results would likely have been different.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure among Adults by Health Region, New Mexico, 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

New Mexico Health Region Lower Limit Upper Limit Note Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 7
Northwest 30.5 27.8 33.3 731 1,864
Northeast 29.3 26.7 32.1 579 1,741
Metro 26.9 24.6 29.3 640 2,033
Southeast 34.3 31.6 37.1 680 1,596
Southwest 33.1 30.5 35.7 750 1,885
New Mexico 29.5 28.3 30.8 3,421 9,119
US 31.4 2013

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.


Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure among Adults by Urban and Rural Counties, New Mexico, 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Urban Versus Rural Counties Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit Note Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 6
Metropolitan Counties 26.9 24.6 29.3 640 2,033
Small Metro Counties 28.6 26.6 30.8 1,056 2,994
Mixed Urban-Rural 33.1 31.2 35.1 1,357 3,393
Rural Counties 40.0 35.4 44.7 327 699
New Mexico 29.5 28.3 30.8 3,421 9,119
U.S. 31.4 2013

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.


Prevalence of Diagnosed High Blood Pressure among Adults by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Race/Ethnicity Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit Note Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Alaska Native 24.0 20.5 28.0 239 760
Asian/Pacific Islander 21.3 13.3 32.3 27 93
Black/African American 40.8 30.5 52.0 55 117
Hispanic 26.7 24.7 28.7 1,105 3,332
White 33.1 31.3 35.1 1,927 4,797
New Mexico 29.5 28.3 30.8 3,421 9,099
United States 31.4 2013

Data Notes

The high blood pressure question is administered only in odd years. Responses are weighted to reflect the general New Mexico adult population.

References and Community Resources

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, High Blood Pressure website (www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure)

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 01/05/2015, Published on 03/06/2015
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 27 March 2015 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 6 Mar 2015 16:01:57 MST