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Complete Health Indicator Report of Diabetes (Diagnosed) Prevalence

Definition

Diabetes prevalence is the estimated percentage of adult New Mexicans 18 years and older with diagnosed diabetes.

Numerator

Number of adult (18 and older) New Mexico respondents who responded, "yes" (within the survey year) to the BRFSS question: "Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever told you that you have diabetes?".

Denominator

Number of adult (18 and older) New Mexico respondents who responded to the BRFSS within the survey year.

Data Interpretation Issues

Data for this indicator report are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related behaviors, health conditions, and preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, D.C., and U.S. territories. Responses have been weighted to reflect the New Mexico adult population by age, sex, ethnicity, geographic region, marital status, education level, home ownership and type of phone ownership. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (with cellular since 2011). The landline phone portion of the survey excludes adults living in group quarters such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. The cellular phone portion of the survey includes adults, in general, as well as adult students living in college dormitories but excludes other group quarters. Beginning with 2011, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods by adding calls to cell phones and changing its weighting methods. These changes improved the BRFSS' ability to take into account the increasing proportion of U.S. adults using only cellular telephones as well as to adjust survey data to improve the representativeness of the estimates generated from the survey. Results have been adjusted for the probability of selection of the respondent, and have been weighted to the adult population by age, gender, phone type, detailed race/ethnicity, renter/owner, education, marital status, and geographic area. Lastly and importantly, these changes mean that the data from years prior to 2011 are not directly comparable to data from 2011 and beyond. Please see the [https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/view/docs/Query/BRFSS/BRFSS_fact_sheet_Aug2012.pdf BRFSS Method Change Factsheet]. The "missing" and "don't know" responses were removed before calculating a percentage.

Why Is This Important?

Diabetes and prediabetes are conditions on a continuum marked by blood glucose (blood sugar) levels that are higher than normal due to defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Insulin is a hormone needed to absorb and use glucose as fuel for the body's cells. Diabetes can lower life expectancy and increase the risk of heart disease. It is the leading cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputation, and adult-onset blindness. People with prediabetes have blood glucose levels higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. They're more likely to develop diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Diabetes and its complications can often be prevented or delayed. People who are diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes need to learn about their condition and build the skills and confidence necessary to successfully take care of themselves, with the help of their health care team and community resources. About one-quarter of people with diabetes don't know they have it, and most people with prediabetes don't know they have it. Unfortunately, people who are undiagnosed can't take steps to manage their condition. Data in this Profile are only about diagnosed diabetes prevalence.

Healthy People Objective: D-15, Increase the proportion of persons with diabetes whose condition has been diagnosed

U.S. Target: 80.1 percent

Other Objectives

There are 16 major Healthy People 2020 objectives for diabetes. Diabetes objectives D-5 to D-14 are about self-management and care behaviors among those with diagnosed diabetes. (www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/objectiveslist.aspx?topicId=8)

How Are We Doing?

In recent years, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has been about twice the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes twenty years ago. This is true in NM and US. In 1995, the US age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among adults was 4.6% and that of NM was 5.8%; by 2017, the age-adjusted prevalence estimates were 10.0% (2017 CDC BRFSS National Data Set) and 9.8%, respectively. Since 2011, the NM age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has remained relatively stable between 9.6% and 10.7%, with no statistically significant differences across the years 2011 through 2017. Diagnosed diabetes is associated with age. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes is higher in older age groups. Within each age group, there was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes by gender with the exception of adults age 65-74. In this age group, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was statistically significantly higher among males than among females. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was very low in the youngest age groups and greatest in the older age groups, with over twenty percent of women and twenty-five percent of men age 65 or older having been diagnosed. The aging of the state's population helps drive the increasing prevalence of diabetes. In New Mexico, the population of individuals 55 and older has grown from 27% of all adults in 1990 to 39% of all adults in 2017, a 44% increase. Prevalence by race/ethnicity: Disparities by race/ethnicity remain. The American Indian/Alaska Native rate was statistically significantly higher than that of Hispanic and white adults, and, in fact, was three times the rate of white adults. The Hispanic rate was statistically significantly higher than the white rate, and was nearly twice the white rate. While the rate for Black/African American and Asian/NHOPI were second highest and second lowest, respectively, small sample size precluded effective comparison of these rates to those of other groups, even using three years of combined data. Prevalence by race/ethnicity and sex: Within each Race/Ethnic group, the rates for males and females were statistically similar with the exception of Asian/Pacific Islander adults. In this group, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was statistically significantly higher in males than females. Among males, the American Indian rate was nearly 3 times the White rate and the Hispanic rate was nearly twice the White rate. The Asian/NHOPI, Black/African American, and Hispanic rates were similar. Among females, the highest rate was among Black/African American and American Indian women, these rates being 3.5 and 2.5 times the White rate. The Hispanic rate was two times the White rate. Household Income: Income and wealth influence the health of communities and individuals. Diabetes prevalence was statistically significantly higher among the two lowest income categories than the three higher income categories. The rate of diagnosed diabetes in the lowest income category was nearly three times that of the highest income category. County rates: In 2015-2017, three county rates were statistically significantly lower than the statewide age-adjusted prevalence rate of 10.4%: Los Alamos, Quay, and Taos. The rates of six counties were statistically significantly higher than that of the state: Cibola, Dona Ana, McKinley, San Juan, Socorro, and Union. The rates for De Baca, Guadalupe, Harding, and Hidalgo counties were statistically highly unreliable, and so are not presented. Urban and Rural: The rates for Rural and Mixed Urban/Rural areas were statistically significantly higher than that of the Metro area.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Generally, both New Mexico and the U.S. prevalence have remained similar since the mid-1990s. The graph shows trends of increasing prevalence since 2000 for NM and the US. Although the recent New Mexico rates appear to be slightly higher, the NM and US rates are statistically similar.

What Is Being Done?

The NM Department of Health Diabetes Prevention and Control Program (DPCP) works with health care providers and community partners, agencies and coalitions to provide multiple diabetes prevention and management services and programs. Services and programs include: professional development trainings and resources for diabetes prevention and management; the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP), a proven community-based physical activity and nutrition intervention to prevent or delay diabetes in persons at high risk; community resources to help people manage their diabetes through skill building, such as the Chronic Disease Self-Management and Diabetes Self-Management Education Programs; Kitchen Creations cooking schools; and health system disease management interventions that improve blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol. The DPCP provides education, information, and resources about prediabetes and diabetes, particularly to health care providers, to increase screening, testing and referral to prevention and management programs. This includes a centralized referral and data system that helps providers easily make referrals to the above programs. DPCP?s partners support built environment improvements so people at risk for or with diabetes can be physically active and initiatives that increase access to healthy foods. Both are essential components of effective population-based diabetes prevention and control. The DPCP consults with populations that are disproportionately affected by diabetes and/or those that serve them to develop programs and services that are culturally appropriate for these populations.

Evidence-based Practices

Diabetes and its complications can be prevented, delayed and/or managed through participation in evidence-based programs, including the National Diabetes Prevention Program or NDPP (provided in a clinical, community, or web-based setting), the Diabetes Self-Management Education Program or DSMEP (provided in a community or web-based setting), and Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support programs or DSME/S (usually provided in a clinical setting). Improving the quality of clinical care for people with and at risk for diabetes is also an evidence-based practice. The following DPCP activities are in alignment with these accepted programs and practices: 1. Increase use of the NDPP to prevent or delay onset of type 2 diabetes among people at high risk by raising awareness about prediabetes and the NDPP, increasing delivery sites, facilitating the screening and referral process, and working to obtain health insurance coverage (including Medicaid) for the program. 2. Increase access to sustainable self-management education and support services (DSMEP and DSME/S) to improve control of A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and to promote tobacco cessation, by increasing delivery sites, facilitating the referral process, and working to obtain health insurance coverage (including Medicaid) for the programs. 3. Implement evidence-based worksite programs and policies that help people prevent or manage diabetes and related chronic conditions, promote tobacco cessation, and help employees improve control of their A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol. 4. Improve health outcomes for people with and at risk for diabetes by supporting health care organizations to improve quality of care through use of the Planned Care Model, Patient Centered Medical Home, and Electronic Health Record. Within these organizations, support policy and protocol implementation that institutionalize and help sustain quality care improvements. 5. Promote the sustainability of Community Health Workers (CHWs) involved in providing diabetes prevention and management services.

Available Services

-Professional development opportunities provided by the New Mexico Diabetes Advisory Council, with continuing education credits, focusing on prediabetes and diabetes, and other related chronic health conditions such as obesity, smoking, and cardiovascular disease. -Technical assistance to clinics and primary care providers to support system changes that improve health outcomes (e.g. AIC, blood pressure, LDL cholesterol and smoking cessation) -Support for community-based prevention and management initiatives such as the National Diabetes Prevention Program, Diabetes and Chronic Disease Self-Management Programs, and Kitchen Creations cooking schools for people with diabetes. -Technical assistance with data, surveillance, and epidemiology For more information on programs or services provided by the NM Department of Health, Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, call (505) 841-5859.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Diabetes, like many other chronic diseases, is more prevalent in older, lower income or non-White groups. NM's population continues to age, that is, the proportion of our state population that is 55+ years old continues to increase. NM consistently has had higher levels of poverty than the general US population. In particular, NM's American Indian, Hispanic and African American populations have had higher rates of poverty than the White population. In addition, NM has a higher proportion of American Indian persons than the US generally; this population has consistently had high diabetes prevalence.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

At present, fragmentation and uneven distribution/lack of providers, from primary care to specialty care, reduce access to preventive services necessary to maintain or improve health. Improved connections among and within health systems, as well as connections with community-based and employer organizations that promote wellness and disease management have the potential to improve and maintain individual, family and community health. Efforts are underway in many parts of NM, driven by mandated changes and innovations in health care, including EHR use, and reimbursement and care delivery re-structuring.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Many interconnected risk factors contribute to diabetes prevalence in complex ways. They include environmental determinants of health such living/working in unhealthy or poor neighborhoods; healthcare system factors such as lack of certified diabetes educators, primary care providers or specialists; and, personal behaviors such as smoking, poor nutrition, and insufficient physical activity. Personal behaviors are also strongly dependent on the broader environmental context and healthcare system. For example, it is difficult to eat a nutritious diet if one does not have access to healthy foods or it is more difficult to manage one's chronic disease if one cannot access medical, dental and other care as needed.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Diabetes was the 6th leading cause of death in New Mexico in 2017 and was the underlying cause of 673 deaths for NM residents. Deaths due to diabetes are an indicator that people are not controlling their diabetes well. Complications, which are very costly, include cardiovascular disease, blindness, end stage kidney disease, and lower extremity amputations. The risks of cardiovascular disease and stroke are 2 to 4 times higher in people with diabetes. About 65% of deaths in people with diabetes nationwide are due to these conditions. Prediabetes, a condition in which blood sugar is higher than normal but not as high as in diabetes, can be prevented from progressing to diabetes through healthy eating, physical activity and weight loss.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Diagnosed Diabetes Age-adjusted Prevalence in Adults Ages 18 and Over by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2004-2017

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confidence limits

In recent years, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has been about twice the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes twenty years ago. This is true in NM and US. In 1995, the US age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among adults was 4.6% and that of NM was 5.8%; by 2017, the age-adjusted prevalence estimates were 10.0% (2017 CDC BRFSS National Data Set) and 9.8%, respectively. Since 2011, the NM age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has remained relatively stable between 9.6% and 10.7%, with no statistically significant differences across the years 2011 through 2017.
BRFSS by weighting method by NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 28
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20046.45.87.25026,376
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20057.16.47.95015,572
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20067.16.47.86136,536
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20077.66.88.46526,577
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20087.77.08.56466,203
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20098.47.79.11,0328,764
New Mexico, Old Weighting Method20108.17.48.98656,930
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20119.68.810.31,1929,331
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20129.68.910.31,0678,683
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201310.19.311.01,1889,208
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201410.69.811.51,1938,825
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201510.79.711.89196,653
New Mexico, New Weighting Method201610.79.711.78945,939
New Mexico, New Weighting Method20179.88.910.88986,467
U.S., Old Weighting Method20046.5
U.S., Old Weighting Method20057.3
U.S., Old Weighting Method20067.3
U.S., Old Weighting Method20077.8
U.S., Old Weighting Method20087.9
U.S., Old Weighting Method20098.6
U.S., Old Weighting Method20108.5
U.S., New Weighting Method20119.08.59.4
U.S., New Weighting Method20129.08.59.6
U.S., New Weighting Method20138.98.39.4
U.S., New Weighting Method20149.18.59.7
U.S., New Weighting Method20159.18.29.6
U.S., New Weighting Method20169.58.69.8
U.S., New Weighting Method201710.09.810.1

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.   Diabetes prevalence for New Mexico and the U.S. is a weighted percent, age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Census population. Estimates for 2011 and forward should not be compared to earlier years (please refer to Data Interpretation Issues, below). The break shown between 2010 and 2011 denotes that the data before 2011 and the data from 2011 onward are not directly comparable. Starting in 2011, CDC BRFSS included cell phones and used a different weighting method than in previous years; data from 2011 and years forward will be comparable. Nationally, nearly one-quarter of people with diabetes are unaware of the condition (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017), never having been diagnosed. The rates shown here are under-estimates of diabetes prevalence because these include only those who have been diagnosed with diabetes.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].


Diagnosed Diabetes Prevalence in Adults by Age Group and Sex, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Diagnosed diabetes is associated with age. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes is higher in older age groups. Within each age group, there was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes by gender with the exception of adults age 65-74. In this age group, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was statistically significantly higher among males than among females. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was very low in the youngest age groups and greatest in the older age groups, with over twenty percent of women and twenty-five percent of men age 65 or older having been diagnosed.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesAge GroupPercentage Diagnosed with DiabetesLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
Male18-241.90.74.8Unstable7471
Male25-342.11.23.7-21839
Male35-447.95.910.5-77972
Male45-5413.911.616.6-1781,235
Male55-6417.615.320.2-3271,875
Male65-7425.222.328.4-4121,765
Male75+21.318.024.9-2231,083
Female18-242.71.16.3Unstable6424
Female25-342.01.13.4-20972
Female35-446.44.88.5-861,192
Female45-5410.99.113.0-1911,635
Female55-6416.714.818.9-4202,512
Female65-7419.217.021.7-4372,401
Female75+21.318.324.5-3061,681

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.   2015-2017 multi-year NM BRFSS.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-Adjusted Prevalence by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Disparities by race/ethnicity remain. The American Indian/Alaska Native rate was statistically significantly higher than that of Hispanic and white adults, and, in fact, was three times the rate of white adults. The Hispanic rate was statistically significantly higher than the white rate, and was nearly twice the white rate. While the rate for Black/African American and Asian/NHOPI were second highest and second lowest, respectively, small sample size precluded effective comparison of these rates to those of other groups, even using three years of combined data.
Race/EthnicityPercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Alaska Native20.317.922.9-4191,896
Asian/Pacific Islander10.75.918.6-14148
Black/African American16.210.723.9-37217
Hispanic131214-1,0246,089
White6.767.4-1,15810,252
New Mexico10.49.811-2,71119,059
United States9.99.810.1U.S. value is for 2016

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.   Source: 2015-2017 multi-year NM BRFSS, age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Census.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-Adjusted Prevalence in Adults by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Within each Race/Ethnic group, the rates for males and females were statistically similar with the exception of Asian/Pacific Islander adults. In this group, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was statistically significantly higher in males than females. Among males, the American Indian rate was nearly 3 times the White rate and the Hispanic rate was nearly twice the White rate. The Asian/NHOPI, Black/African American, and Hispanic rates were similar. Among females, the highest rate was among Black/African American and American Indian women, these rates being 3.5 and 2.5 times the White rate. and Hispanic rate was two times the White rate.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityPercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 18
MaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native22.619.126.5-174775
MaleAsian/Pacific Islander18.810.331.8-1377
MaleBlack/African American12.16.122.6Unstable13100
MaleHispanic13.512.115.2-4652,647
MaleWhite7.26.38.2-5484,405
MaleNew Mexico11.110.312.0-1,2458,240
FemaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native18.615.422.3-2451,121
FemaleAsian/Pacific Islander1.20.28.2Very Unstable171
FemaleBlack/African American19.812.230.5-24117
FemaleHispanic12.411.213.8-5593,442
FemaleWhite6.35.37.3-6105,845
FemaleNew Mexico9.79.010.5-1,46610,817
AllAmerican Indian/Alaska Native20.317.922.9-4191,896
AllAsian/Pacific Islander10.75.918.6-14148
AllBlack/African American16.210.723.9-37217
AllHispanic13.012.014.0-1,0246,089
AllWhite6.76.07.4-1,15810,252
AllNew Mexico10.49.811.0-2,71119,059

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-Adjusted Prevalence by County, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

County rates: In 2015-2017, three county rates were statistically significantly lower than the statewide age-adjusted prevalence rate of 10.4%: Los Alamos, Quay, and Taos. The rates of six counties were statistically significantly higher than that of the state: Cibola, Dona Ana, McKinley, San Juan, Socorro, and Union. The rates for De Baca, Guadalupe, Harding, and Hidalgo counties were statistically highly unreliable, and so are not presented.
CountyPercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo8.87.610-3112,811
Catron30.810.5Very Unstable788
Chaves1310.815.6-114619
Cibola1612.720-128612
Colfax13.57.822.5-26139
Curry8.66.112-48426
De Baca**-41
Dona Ana1311.314.9-2871,778
Eddy13.89.719.2-94620
Grant7.44.511.8-37325
Guadalupe**Unstable38
Harding**Very Unstable17
Hidalgo**Unstable37
Lea13.410.916.4-97594
Lincoln11.47.417.3-45369
Los Alamos4.32.28.1Unstable12185
Luna128.217.3-33204
McKinley16.514.219.2-2371,211
Mora15.39.423.8-1365
Otero10.78.713.2-105650
Quay5.239-15131
Rio Arriba12.79.616.7-89632
Roosevelt10.86.916.6-28204
Sandoval10.47.713.8-90825
San Juan12.911.314.6-4292,712
San Miguel15.310.921-57311
Santa Fe7.65.710-1351,591
Sierra9.86.115.2-29156
Socorro21.813.433.6-28141
Taos6.44.49.2-38351
Torrance5.12.112Unstable885
Union2316.830.7-1062
Valencia10.47.713.8-84469
New Mexico10.49.811-2,71119,059
U.S.9.18.29.6U.S. value is for 2015

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.   The BRFSS data used for this indicator report were weighted to be representative of the five New Mexico Region populations. A given county's population demographics may differ from the demographics of the region in which the county is located. Had the data been weighted to be representative of each county population, the results may have been different, the magnitude of the difference being dependent upon the magnitude of the differences between the county and region demographic distributions. Three years of data, combined, was necessary to produce estimates for small counties.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-Adjusted Prevalence by Household Income, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Household Income: Income and wealth influence the health of communities and individuals. Diabetes prevalence was statistically significantly higher among the two lowest income categories than the three higher income categories. The rate of diagnosed diabetes in the lowest income category was nearly three times that of the highest income category.
IncomePercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 5
Less Than $15,00016.7%14.9%18.8%-5392,386
$15,000 to $24,99913.4%11.9%15.0%-6173,574
$25,000 - $49,9999.6%8.5%10.9%-5614,200
$50,000 - $74,9997.9%6.7%9.4%-2702,327
$75,000 and Over6.1%5.3%7.1%-3373,862

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-Adjusted Prevalence by Education Level, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

The 2015-2017 age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was statistically significantly lower among adults with a college degree or more education than all other education levels. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was statistically significantly higher in the lowest education category, Below High School. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes for this group was 2.5 times that of adults in the highest education group.
Education LevelPercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 4
Less Than High School15.6%13.8%17.6%-5152,222
H.S. Grad or G.E.D.11.2%10.3%12.3%-8345,268
Some Post High School10.4%9.3%11.6%-7335,238
College Graduate6.2%5.5%7.0%-6266,293

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-adjusted Prevalence in Adults Ages 18 and Over by Urban and Rural Counties, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

Urban and Rural: The rates for Rural and Mixed Urban/Rural areas were statistically significantly higher than that of the Metro area.
Urban Versus Rural CountiesPercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
Metropolitan Counties9.18.110.2-4934,190
Small Metro Counties10.89.811.9-8516,081
Mixed Urban-Rural12.111.213.0-1,1176,944
Rural Counties12.610.215.4-1981,284
New Mexico10.49.811.0-2,71119,059
U.S.9.18.29.6U.S. value is for 2015

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].


Diagnosed Diabetes Age-adjusted Prevalence in Adults Ages 18 and Over by U.S. States, 2017

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confidence limits

StatePercentage Diagnosed with Diabetes, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 52
Alabama12.912.013.8
Alaska7.96.79.4
Arizona9.69.110.1
Arkansas11.110.012.4
California9.99.110.7
Colorado7.16.57.6
Connecticut8.67.99.2
Delaware9.88.810.9
District of Columbia8.47.59.3
Florida8.78.09.4
Georgia10.89.911.7
Hawaii10.09.110.9
Idaho8.07.18.9
Illinois10.29.311.2
Indiana10.810.211.4
Iowa8.37.79.0
Kansas9.79.210.1
Kentucky11.410.512.4
Louisiana12.711.613.8
Maine8.88.19.7
Maryland9.68.910.4
Massachucetts8.57.59.5
Michigan9.69.010.3
Minnesota7.06.67.5
Mississippi13.212.114.4
Missouri9.38.510.1
Montana6.86.07.7
Nebraska9.48.810.0
Nevada9.48.210.7
New Hampshire7.26.58.1
New Jersey9.99.110.8
New Mexico9.88.910.8
New York9.48.810.1
North Carolina10.59.511.6
North Dakota8.88.09.6
Ohio10.19.410.8
Oklahoma11.911.012.8
Oregon8.37.69.2
Pennsylvania9.28.410.1
Rhode Island7.97.18.8
South Carolina12.211.412.9
South Dakota10.28.911.6
Tennessee12.011.013.0
Texas11.910.813.2
Utah7.56.98.1
Vermont7.06.37.7
Virginia9.79.110.5
Washington8.58.09.1
West Virginia13.012.114.0
Wisconsin8.37.39.5
Wyoming8.37.59.2
United States10.09.810.1

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.   Guam and Puerto Rico are included in the U.S. estimate.

Data Source

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].

References and Community Resources

NM Department of Health, Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, call (505) 841-5859. National Diabetes Prevention Program Evidence-based lifestyle interventions for preventing type 2 diabetes for communities www.cdc.gov/diabetes/projects/prevention_program.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services; 2017. 2. Diabetes Public Health Resource: www.cdc.gov/diabetes/consumer/index.htm Fact Sheets on Physical Activity: www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/fact.htm Diabetes Data and Trends: http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/ddtstrs/FactSheet.aspx 3. Guide To Community Preventive Services [information on community-level evidence-based practices]: Diabetes www.thecommunityguide.org/diabetes/index.html Obesity www.thecommunityguide.org/obesity/index.html Physical Activity www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/index.html American Diabetes Association: www.diabetes.org National Diabetes Education Program www.ndep.nih.gov/ US Preventive Health Task Force (clinical preventive services) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=hstat3.chapter.26340 Joslin Diabetes Center: www.joslin.org

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 12/14/2018, Published on 12/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 22 August 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 19 Dec 2018 14:44:55 MST