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Complete Health Indicator Report of HIV Infection - New Diagnoses

Definition

New diagnoses of HIV infection, New Mexico total; number and rate (cases per 100,000 population) by year and public health region.

Numerator

Incident HIV cases: Number of new diagnoses of HIV Infection.

Denominator

New Mexico population, according to US census estimates. NMDOH health region population (i.e., inclusive counties population), according to University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies Program estimates.

Why Is This Important?

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and is an infection which progressively damages the immune system. When left untreated over time HIV infection can leave a person vulnerable to potentially deadly opportunistic infections, advancement to the most severe form of infection (i.e., AIDS or stage 3 HIV infection), or death. The global epidemic of HIV infection was first recognized in 1981^1^ and since then advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment have made significant impacts in reducing the burden of HIV worldwide, including in the United States. Nonetheless, tens-of-thousands of new infections and hundreds-of-thousands of chronic infections continue to be reported each year, resulting in tens-of-billions of dollars in health care costs, demonstrates that HIV remains a significant public health problem in the United States^2-4^. With an average of 143 new HIV infections reported annually and over 3,000 new or chronic HIV infections reported in 2013^5^, HIV infection is also an important health issue in New Mexico. [[br]][[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont # Gottlieb, M.S., ''Pneumocystis pneumonia--Los Angeles.'' 1981. Am J Public Health, 2006. '''96'''(6): p. 980-1; discussion 982-3. # Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2013'', 2014, enters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-82. # Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2014'', 2015, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-123. # Hutchinson, A.B., et al., ''The economic burden of HIV in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: evidence of continuing racial and ethnic differences''. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2006. '''43'''(4): p. 451-7. # New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH), ''Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Stage 3 Infection (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome [AIDS]) Among Adults and Adolescents in New Mexico - 2013'', Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Surveillance and Epidemiology Program, Editor 2015, New Mexico Department of Health: Santa Fe, New Mexico USA. p. 1-32. }}


Related Indicators

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

HIV Infection - New HIV Diagnoses: Rate per 100,000 population, New Mexico and USA, by Year, 2007-2013

::chart - missing::

NM vs. U.S.YearDiagnoses of New HIV Infections per 100,000 PopulationNumer- ator
Record Count: 14
New Mexico20079.1147
New Mexico20089.6157
New Mexico20099.8163
New Mexico20108.9150
New Mexico20118.1138
New Mexico20126.9119
New Mexico20138.5146
United States200716.647,712
United States200816.249,303
United States200915.346,971
United States201014.544,940
United States201114.043,510
United States201213.743,165
United States201313.442,566

Data Sources

  • Numerator data are derived from the New Mexico Electronic HIV & AIDS Reporting System (eHARS) database. HIV Surveillance & Epidemiology Program, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Bureau, Epidemiology & Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.
  • U.S. data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, (Multiple years and volumes). http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/reports/surveillance/.


YearNumer- ator
Record Count: 7
20079.1147
20089.6157
20099.8163
20108.9150
20118.1138
20126.9119
20138.5146
supplemental image

Data Sources

  • Numerator data are derived from the New Mexico Electronic HIV & AIDS Reporting System (eHARS) database. HIV Surveillance & Epidemiology Program, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Bureau, Epidemiology & Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.


HIV Infection - New HIV Diagnoses: Rate per 100,000 Population, New Mexico, by Public Health Region, 2013

::chart - missing::

New Mexico Health RegionDiagnoses of New HIV Infections per 100,000 PopulationNumer- ator
Record Count: 7
Northwest9.417
Northeast11.629
Metro9.168
Southeast3.07
Southwest8.125
New Mexico8.5146
US13.442,566

Data Sources

  • Numerator data are derived from the New Mexico Electronic HIV & AIDS Reporting System (eHARS) database. HIV Surveillance & Epidemiology Program, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Bureau, Epidemiology & Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.

References and Community Resources

__References__ # Gottlieb, M.S., ''Pneumocystis pneumonia--Los Angeles.'' 1981. Am J Public Health, 2006. '''96'''(6): p. 980-1; discussion 982-3. # Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2013'', 2014, enters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-82. # Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2014'', 2015, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-123. # Hutchinson, A.B., et al., ''The economic burden of HIV in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: evidence of continuing racial and ethnic differences''. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2006. '''43'''(4): p. 451-7. # New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH), ''Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Stage 3 Infection (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome [AIDS]) Among Adults and Adolescents in New Mexico - 2013'', Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Surveillance and Epidemiology Program, Editor 2015, New Mexico Department of Health: Santa Fe, New Mexico USA. p. 1-32.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/22/2016, Published on 01/22/2016
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 21 January 2022 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Mon, 1 Feb 2016 09:27:28 MST