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Complete Health Indicator Report of Mental Health - Adult Suicide Attempts

Definition

Percentage of NM residents 18 years or older who attempted suicide, defined as answering "Yes" to the question, "In the past year, have you attempted suicide?"

Numerator

The number of survey respondents who reported attempting suicide in the past year.

Denominator

Total number of survey respondents except those with missing, "Don"t Know/Not sure," and "Refused" responses.

Data Interpretation Issues

Data for this indicator report are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related behaviors, health conditions, and preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, D.C., and U.S. territories. Responses have been weighted to reflect the New Mexico adult population by age, sex, ethnicity, geographic region, marital status, education level, home ownership and type of phone ownership. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (with cellular since 2011). The landline phone portion of the survey excludes adults living in group quarters such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. The cellular phone portion of the survey includes adult students living in college dormitories but excludes other group quarters. Beginning with 2011, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods by adding in calls to cell phones and changing its weighting methods. These changes improve BRFSS' ability to take into account the increasing proportion of U.S. adults using only cellular telephones as well as to adjust survey data to improve the representativeness of the estimates generated from the survey. Results have been adjusted for the probability of selection of the respondent, and have been weighted to the adult population by age, gender, phone type, detailed race/ethnicity, renter/owner, education, marital status, and geographic area. Lastly and importantly, these changes mean that the data from years prior to 2011 are not directly comparable to data from 2011 and beyond. Please see the [https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/docs/Query/BRFSS/BRFSS_fact_sheet_Aug2012.pdf BRFSS Method Change Factsheet]. The "missing" and "don't know" responses are removed before calculating a percentage.

Why Is This Important?

Suicide rates in NM have been at least twice the national rate since at least 1995. Due to the disproportionate rate of suicide occurring in New Mexico for decades and the rising rate of suicide nationwide, understanding the prevalence of risk factors for suicide and the disparities in the New Mexico population is critical for prevention planning. Prior suicide attempts have been shown to be the strongest risk factor for suicide, and more than half of suicide attempts occur within one year of the onset of suicide ideation. Based on this knowledge of suicidal behavior, the World Health Organization and the United States Office of the Surgeon General have recommended routine surveillance for suicidal behavior such as attempts and ideation. In doing so, suicide prevention plans can be targeted specifically at communities with high risk and evaluated more thoroughly.

Healthy People Objective: MHMD-1, Reduce the suicide rate

U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000

Other Objectives

Mental Health Report Indicator

How Are We Doing?

In 2011, 0.7% of NM adults reported that they had attempted suicide in the past 12 months.

What Is Being Done?

The New Mexico Department of Health collects, analyzes, and disseminates suicide death data in order to identify populations with disproportionately high rates of suicide. These data can be used in conjunction with community partners to develop and implement prevention and intervention efforts to reduce suicide deaths. The NMDOH Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics collects information on all NM deaths and produces annual suicide statistics. The NM Violent Death Reporting System was implemented in 2005 to add to the understanding of how and why violent deaths occur. This active surveillance system collects comprehensive information about all violent deaths, including suicide, by linking data from death certificates, medical examiner records, and law enforcement reports into one complete record. In addition, the NM Child Fatality Review Program Suicide Panel completes an in-depth case review of suicides among children through age 17 years and makes recommendations about how to prevent future deaths.

Evidence-based Practices

For reviews of evidence-based practices, please see: *US Preventive Services Task Force: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/ *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Community Guide: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/index.html *Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices: http://www.nrepp.samhsa.gov/Index.aspx

Available Services

If you or someone you know is in a life-threatening position, please call 911 To talk to a counselor or ask questions about treatment 24/7, call the New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474)[[br]] If you or someone you know is considering suicide, please call one of the following hotlines to talk to someone: *New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474) *National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/): 1-800-273-TALK (8255). En Espaol: 1-888-628-9495 *Teen to Teen Peer Counseling Hotline: 1-877-YOUTHLINE (1-877-968-8454) *Native Youth Crisis Hotline: 1-877-209-1266 *Veterans Peer Support Line: 1-877-Vet2Vet (1-800-877-838-2838) *University of New Mexico Agora Crisis Line (http://www.unm.edu/~agora/): 505-277-3013 or 1-866-HELP-1-NM *New Mexico State University Crisis Assistance Listening Line or The CALL: 1-575-646-CALL (2255) or 1-866-314-6841 *Graduate Student Hotline: 1-800-GRADHLP (1-800-472-3457) *Postpartum Depression Hotline: 1-800-PPD-MOMS (1-800-773-6667) *Trans Lifeline: 1/877-565-8860 If you would like to seek treatment, please contact: *OptumHealth NM (www.optumhealthnewmexico.com) for a listing of behavioral health treatment services statewide at 1-866-660-7185 *SAMHSA Treatment Referral Helpline: 1‑800-662-HELP (4357), also online at https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/ *The SKY Center (http://nmsip.org/services/sky-center/): 1-505-473-6191 *Search Providers in Bernalillo County: http://cepr.unm.edu/tools/ABQ-Providers.html *New Mexico Social Service Resource Directory (https://www.nmresourcedirectory.org/SitePages/Home.aspx): 1-800-432-2080 *SHARE New Mexico Resource Directory: http://www.sharenm.org/communityplatform/newmexico/directory/landing *United Way Central New Mexico Referral Service (http://www.referweb.net/uwcnm/): 505-245-1735 Resources for veterans and their families: http://www.mentalhealth.gov/get-help/veterans/index.html For contact information for your local New Mexico Core Service Agency, please visit: http://www.bhc.state.nm.us/pdf/CSA%20FACTS%20AT%20A%20GLANCE_BASIC%20INFO%20AND%20Q&A%208_19[1].pdf To join a support group organized by Optum Health, please register at: https://www.optumhealthnewmexico.com/consumer/en/communitySearch.jsp If you would like to be involved in community suicide prevention, please contact one of the following groups: *New Mexico Suicide Intervention Project (http://nmsip.org/): 505-820-1066 *New Mexico Suicide Prevention Coalition (http://www.nmsuicideprevention.org/): 505-401-9382 *Southern New Mexico Suicide Prevention and Suicide Support Coalition: http://endsuicide.net/

Health Program Information

The BRFSS is an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (landline only from 1986 through 2010; landline and cellular since 2011). NM Department of Health, Mental Health Epidemiologist: [to be announced] NM Department of Health, Suicide Prevention Coordinator: Karen Dugas, MPH, 505-827-5146, karen.dugas@state.nm.us


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Adult Suicide Attempts by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2011-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

In 2016, the NM prevalence of those adults who made a suicide attempt in the past year was 0.9%. Since 2011, the NM prevalence has remained stable.
NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 2
New Mexico20110.7%0.5%1.0%408,457
New Mexico20160.9%0.6%1.5%305,217

Data Notes

In 2011, BRFSS methods improved nationwide (addition of cell phones and significant changes to weighting). Estimates for 2011 and forward should not be compared to earlier years.


Adult Suicide Attempts by Age, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of past year suicide attempts was generally lower for older adults compared to those of younger ages.
Age GroupPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
18-242.5%1.1%5.7%#6205
25-341.5%0.5%4.4%##6465
35-440.3%0.1%1.1%##3588
45-541.3%0.6%2.8%#7779
55-640.2%0.1%0.7%#41,227
65-740.8%0.2%3.0%##41,158
75+0.0%0.0%0.0%##0741

Data Notes

(#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Adult Suicide Attempts by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of past year suicide attempt was not meaningfully different across race/ethnicity.
Race/EthnicityPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Alaska Native1.4%0.6%3.2%#6494
Asian/Pacific Islander****
Black/African American1.3%0.2%8.8%##151
Hispanic1.1%0.5%2.2%#111,621
White0.8%0.4%1.6%#112,899
New Mexico0.9%0.6%1.5%305,217

Data Notes

(#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable. (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Adult Suicide Attempts by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of past year suicide attempt was similar across sex and race/ethnicity.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 18
MaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native2.7%1.1%6.5%#5195
MaleAsian/Pacific Islander****
MaleBlack/African American****
MaleHispanic0.6%0.2%1.7%#4711
MaleWhite0.9%0.3%2.7%##41,196
MaleNew Mexico0.9%0.5%1.6%#132,207
FemaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native0.3%0.0%2.2%##1299
FemaleAsian/Pacific Islander****
FemaleBlack/African American****
FemaleHispanic1.5%0.6%3.9%#7910
FemaleWhite0.6%0.2%1.5%#71,703
FemaleNew Mexico1.0%0.5%2.0%#173,010
AllAmerican Indian/Alaska Native1.4%0.6%3.2%#6494
AllAsian/Pacific Islander****
AllBlack/African American1.3%0.2%8.8%##151
AllHispanic1.1%0.5%2.2%#111,621
AllWhite0.8%0.4%1.6%#112,899
AllNew Mexico0.9%0.6%1.5%305,217

Data Notes

(#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable. (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Adult Suicide Attempts by Sexual Orientation, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of respondents who reported a past year suicide attempt did not differ meaningfully among those who identified as straight compared with those who identified as lesbian, gay or bisexual.
Sexual OrientationPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 2
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Other1.2%0.3%4.9%##2149
Heterosexual0.9%0.6%1.5%274,948

Data Notes

(##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Adult Suicide Attempts by County, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of past year suicide attempt ranged from 0% to 5.9% by county of residence.
CountyPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 34
Bernalillo0.8%0.2%2.5%##5755
Catron****
Chaves0.7%0.1%5.0%##1169
Cibola0.0%##0169
Colfax****
Curry5.9%1.8%17.8%##3124
De Baca****
Dona Ana0.9%0.2%3.1%##4569
Eddy0.9%0.1%6.4%##1156
Grant4.1%0.6%23.5%##195
Guadalupe****
Harding****
Hidalgo****
Lea0.5%0.1%3.2%##1159
Lincoln6.1%0.9%31.9%##199
Los Alamos0.0%##057
Luna0.0%##060
McKinley0.7%0.2%2.7%##2309
Mora****
Otero2.8%0.7%10.1%##3207
Quay****
Rio Arriba0.5%0.1%3.5%##1173
Roosevelt3.3%0.5%20.1%##152
Sandoval0.0%##0221
San Juan1.7%0.5%5.3%##3756
San Miguel0.0%##077
Santa Fe0.2%0.0%1.3%##1462
Sierra0.0%##062
Socorro0.0%##050
Taos0.0%##095
Torrance****
Union****
Valencia0.6%0.1%4.0%##1111
NM0.9%0.6%1.5%305,217

Data Notes

(#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable. (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers. The county-level BRFSS data used for this indicator report were weighted to be representative of the New Mexico Health Region populations. Had the data been weighted to be representative of each county population, the results may have been different.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence].


Adult Suicide Attempts by Health Region, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of respondents who made a past year suicide attempt was significantly greater among residents in the Southeast region (2.3%) compared with the Northeast region (0.2%).
New Mexico Health RegionPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
Northwest1.1%0.4%2.9%##51,231
Northeast0.2%0.0%0.7%#2955
Metro0.6%0.2%1.8%#61,117
Southeast2.3%1.1%4.9%#9818
Southwest1.2%0.5%2.8%#81,096
New Mexico0.9%0.6%1.5%305,217

Data Notes

(#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.


Adult Suicide Attempts by Urban and Rural Counties, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of respondents who made a past year suicide attempt did not vary meaningfully by rurality of county of residence.
Urban Versus Rural CountiesPercentage Who Attempted SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 5
Metropolitan Counties0.6%0.2%1.9%#61,108
Small Metro Counties0.8%0.4%1.9%#81,787
Mixed Urban-Rural1.4%0.8%2.6%141,890
Rural Counties1.8%0.4%8.6%##2382
New Mexico0.9%0.6%1.5%305,217

Data Notes

(#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

References and Community Resources

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Prevention Facts and Resources: http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/index.html -Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Suicide Prevention Facts and Resources: http://www.samhsa.gov/suicide-prevention -SAMHSA Tribal Training and Technical Assistance Center: http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx -World Health Organization Suicide Prevention Facts and Resources: http://www.who.int/topics/suicide/en/ -National Strategy for Suicide Prevention: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/national-strategy-suicide-prevention/index.html -Suicide Prevention Resource Center: http://www.sprc.org/

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 03/28/2018, Published on 04/09/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Mon, 30 March 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Mon, 9 Apr 2018 08:51:25 MDT