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Complete Health Indicator Report of Mental Health - Youth Seriously Considered Suicide

Definition

Percentage of students grades 9-12 in a NM public school who reported that they seriously considered suicide at least once in past 12 months.

Numerator

Number of students who answered, "Yes", to the question, "During the past 12 months, did you ever seriously consider attempting suicide?"

Denominator

Total number of respondents who answered the question, "During the past 12 months, did you ever seriously consider attempting suicide?"

Data Interpretation Issues

Rates for 2001 and 2003 are based upon a different sampling methodology than for the years 2005-2017. Since 2005, the NM sampling methodology was consistent with the methodology recommended by CDC and was consistent with other states participating in the YRBSS. The questionnaire item was identical to that used by the national YRBSS questionnaire and other participating YRBSS states' questionnaires. For more information, see "2015 NM-YRRS Survey Results Report: Mental Health and Related Behaviors", available at http://www.youthrisk.org/pdf/YRRS_Mental_Health_Report_2015.pdf.

Why Is This Important?

Suicide is a complex behavior with no single determining cause. Seriously considering suicide is a form of suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation refers to thoughts of suicide or wanting to take one's own life. Suicidal ideation is a risk factor for suicide attempts as well as completed suicide.

Other Objectives

Substance Abuse Epidemiology Report Indicator, Mental Health Report Indicator

How Are We Doing?

The percentage of NM high school students seriously considering suicide has decreased from 22.0% in 2001 to 16.5% in 2015.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The prevalence of NM high school students who have seriously considered suicide is lower in NM (16.5%) than in the US (17.1%) although this difference is not statistically significant.

What Is Being Done?

The NM Department of Health continues to analyze and share data, reports and presentations with each year of completed YRRS surveys. School administrators and youth health advocates utilize this information to guide health promotion and treatment programs for youth in NM. Youth suicide prevention and intervention activities were initially funded by the NM Legislature in June 2005. Implementation of suicide prevention strategies statewide is a significant focus of the NM Department of Health's Office of School and Adolescent Health (OSAH). Suicide prevention activities include: 1) Providing funding for statewide crisis line response to people at risk for suicide. 2) Identifying and developing relationships with existing crisis line operators statewide to enhance statewide suicide crisis response capacity. 3) Raising awareness that suicide is a public health problem and supporting initiatives to decrease stigma surrounding mental health issues. 4) Ensuring screening, early identification, referral and follow-up for suicide risk through Student Health Questionnaires for each student who accesses school-based health centers (SBHC). 5) Offering intensive training and technical assistance for all school-based health centers surrounding identification of signs of suicide, suicide prevention and crisis response planning. 6) Gatekeeper training for educators, Medical and Behavioral Health providers, community members and youth; Natural Helper Programs; implementation and support for Gay-Straight Alliances; intensive training for school nurses; and psychiatric consultation for school counselors and school-based health center providers. 7) Providing School Health Updates, Head to Toe Conference and other regional trainings to increase awareness and knowledge of the risk factors and warning signs of suicide among school counselors, school health personnel, and behavioral health providers on suicide, crisis response and grief and trauma support in the school setting.

Evidence-based Practices

For reviews of evidence-based practices, please see: -US Preventive Services Task Force: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/ -Centers for Disease Control and Prevention?s Community Guide: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/index.html -Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration?s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices: http://www.samhsa.gov/nrepp

Available Services

If you or someone you know is in a life-threatening position, please call 911 To talk to a counselor or ask questions about treatment 24/7, call the New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474) If you or someone you know is considering suicide, please call one of the following hotlines to talk to someone: -New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474) -National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/): 1-800-273-TALK (8255). En Espaol: 1-888-628-9495 -Teen to Teen Peer Counseling Hotline: 1-877-YOUTHLINE (1-877-968-8454) -Native Youth Crisis Hotline: 1-877-209-1266 -Veterans Peer Support Line: 1-877-Vet2Vet (1-800-877-838-2838) -University of New Mexico Agora Crisis Line (http://www.unm.edu/~agora/): 505-277-3013 or 1-866-HELP-1-NM -Graduate Student Hotline: 1-800-GRADHLP (1-800-472-3457) -Postpartum Depression Hotline: 1-800-PPD-MOMS (1-800-773-6667) To see if you or your child attends a school with a school-based health center, please visit: http://www.nmasbhc.org/SBHC_Locator.html If you would like to seek treatment, please contact: -PullTogether.org (https://pulltogether.org): 1-800-691-9067 -New Mexico Children, Youth & Families Department (https://cyfd.org) at 1-505-827-8008 -SAMHSA Treatment Referral Helpline: 1‑800-662-HELP (4357), also online at https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/ -The SKY Center (http://nmsip.org/services/sky-center/): 1-505-473-6191 -Search Providers in Bernalillo County: http://cepr.unm.edu/tools/ABQ-Providers.html -New Mexico Social Service Resource Directory (https://www.nmresourcedirectory.org/SitePages/Home.aspx): 1-800-432-2080 -SHARE New Mexico Resource Directory: http://www.sharenm.org/communityplatform/newmexico/directory/landing -United Way Central New Mexico Referral Service (http://www.referweb.net/uwcnm/): 505-245-1735 Resources for veterans and their families: http://www.mentalhealth.gov/get-help/veterans/index.html For contact information for your local New Mexico Core Service Agency, please visit: http://www.bhc.state.nm.us/pdf/CSA%20FACTS%20AT%20A%20GLANCE_BASIC%20INFO%20AND%20Q&A%208_19[1].pdf To join a support group organized by Optum Health, please register at: https://www.optumhealthnewmexico.com/consumer/en/communitySearch.jsp If you would like to be involved in community suicide prevention, please contact one of the following groups: -New Mexico Suicide Intervention Project (http://nmsip.org/): 505-820-1066 -New Mexico Suicide Prevention Coalition (http://www.nmsuicideprevention.org/): 505-401-9382 -Southern New Mexico Suicide Prevention and Suicide Support Coalition: http://endsuicide.net/

Health Program Information

The YRRS is a tool to assess the health risk behaviors and resiliency (protective) factors of NM high school and middle school students. The YRRS is part of the national CDC YRBSS, but the survey results have widespread benefits for NM at the state, county, and school district levels. Topic areas for the YRRS include risk behaviors related to alcohol and drug use, unintentional injury, violence, suicidal ideation and attempts, tobacco use, sexual activity, physical activity, and nutrition; resiliency (protective) factors such as relationships in the family, school, community, and with peers; and health status issues such as body weight and asthma. The YRRS is administered to a sample of high schools and middle schools in each school district in the fall of odd-numbered years. All data are self-reported by students who voluntarily complete the survey during one class period. NM Department of Health, Office of School and Adolescent Health Youth Suicide Prevention Program Coordinator: Nancy Kirkpatrick, 505-222-8683 NM Department of Health, Epidemiology and Response Division, Mental Health Epidemiologist: Carol Moss, 505-476-1440


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of those who have seriously considered suicide has remained relatively stable over the past decade among both New Mexican and U.S. youth.
NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 16
New Mexico200320.718.722.7
New Mexico200518.516.720.4
New Mexico200719.318.120.6
New Mexico200915.914.217.7
New Mexico201116.715.817.7
New Mexico201315.614.416.9
New Mexico201516.515.117.9
New Mexico201717.816.319.5
United States200316.916.217.6
United States200516.915.917.8
United States200714.513.415.6
United States200913.813.114.6
United States201115.815.116.5
United States20131715.818.2
United States201517.716.718.8
United States201717.216.218.3

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data


Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Grade and Sex, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of seriously considering suicide was not meaningfully different across grades. The prevalence of high school girls who reported seriously considering suicide was significantly higher compared to boys.
Grade Level YRRSSex, M/FPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 12
9th GradeMale11.4%8.9%14.5%94767
9th GradeFemale21.6%17.8%26.0%159768
9th GradeTotal16.4%14.5%18.6%2551,541
10th GradeMale13.5%10.4%17.3%102744
10th GradeFemale21.7%18.9%24.9%182826
10th GradeTotal17.5%15.2%20.2%2841,571
11th GradeMale12.7%10.2%15.6%89703
11th GradeFemale23.8%19.3%28.9%158696
11th GradeTotal18.2%15.4%21.4%2481,401
12th GradeMale15.1%13.0%17.4%93601
12th GradeFemale23.7%20.1%27.7%138601
12th GradeTotal19.5%17.2%22.0%2321,204

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

In 2017, the counties with the highest prevalence of youth seriously considering suicide were Roosevelt (29.7%), McKinley (24.8%) and Eddy (23.9%). The counties with the lowest prevalence were Mora (8.0%), Catron (10.8%) and Curry (11.8%).
CountyPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo18.517.120.16863,697
Catron10.8426.1#764
Chaves15.211.919.492542
Cibola23.321.325.4198852
Colfax19.515.524.251276
Curry11.87.817.326229
De Baca****
Dona Ana14.311.917.11541,067
Eddy23.91339.850235
Grant19.314.924.677373
Guadalupe16.913.52131183
Harding****
Hidalgo16.49.127.825148
Lea15.612.319.6101682
Lincoln18.815.422.7116625
Los Alamos21.217.325.675348
Luna16.712.322.218130
McKinley24.816.635.474366
Mora8319.7#889
Otero23.418.129.8122563
Quay18.514.423.653256
Rio Arriba2116.126.993450
Roosevelt29.723.237.137177
Sandoval18.814.723.72471,365
San Juan18.415.821.41921,056
San Miguel18.916.321.990468
Santa Fe17.314.9203511,983
Sierra23.417.730.335147
Socorro19.7142745225
Taos20.919.921.9161772
Torrance19.215.823.170371
Union19.41623.425131
Valencia1712.722.377441
New Mexico17.816.319.51,0265,744

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers (#) Values are unstable

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of youth who seriously considered suicide did not differ meaningfully by race/ethnicity.
Race/EthnicityPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Alaska Native17.1%15.0%19.4%1781,055
Asian/Pacific Islander22.5%16.9%29.3%47186
Black/African American23.2%17.3%30.4%47215
Hispanic16.5%14.5%18.8%4532,665
White19.2%16.7%22.0%2941,579
New Mexico17.8%16.3%19.5%1,0265,744

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of high school girls who seriously considered suicide was nearly double (22.7%) that of boys (13.0%). The prevalence of those who seriously considered suicide did not differ meaningfully by race/ethnicity.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 12
MaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native12.6%9.7%16.3%63543
MaleAsian/Pacific Islander18.9%12.4%27.6%2397
MaleBlack/African American15.9%10.2%24.1%18117
MaleHispanic12.5%10.4%14.9%1621,242
MaleWhite13.3%10.4%16.8%113805
MaleNew Mexico13.0%11.7%14.5%3792,824
FemaleAmerican Indian/Alaska Native22.3%19.4%25.5%114506
FemaleAsian/Pacific Islander27.4%17.8%39.7%2489
FemaleBlack/African American32.0%21.7%44.5%2897
FemaleHispanic20.2%17.6%23.0%2891,419
FemaleWhite25.8%22.5%29.4%181772
FemaleNew Mexico22.7%20.7%24.8%6422,905

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Sexual Orientation, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of students who seriously considered suicide was 2 1/2 times higher for those who identified as gay or lesbian (34.2%) and three times higher for those who identified as bisexual (42.7%) compared to straight students (13.9%).
Sexual OrientationPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Straight13.9%12.5%15.5%6504,630
Gay or Lesbian34.2%26.5%42.8%56172
Bisexual42.7%39.1%46.4%201472

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Who Seriously Considered Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Urban and Rural Counties, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

The prevalence of youth who seriously considered suicide did not differ meaningfully by rurality of residence.
Urban Versus Rural CountiesPercentage Considered SuicideLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 5
Metropolitan Counties18.1%15.7%20.8%5513,096
Small Metro Counties17.1%13.6%21.2%2251,283
Mixed Urban-Rural18.0%15.0%21.5%2051,145
Rural Counties19.1%15.1%24.0%45220
New Mexico17.8%16.3%19.5%1,0265,744

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

References and Community Resources

For more information about the NM YRRS, please visit http://youthrisk.org/ For more information about the CDC YRBSS, please visit http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/index.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Prevention Facts and Resources: http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/index.html Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Suicide Prevention Facts and Resources: http://www.samhsa.gov/suicide-prevention SAMHSA Tribal Training and Technical Assistance Center: http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx World Health Organization Suicide Prevention Facts and Resources: http://www.who.int/topics/suicide/en/ National Indian Child Welfare Association Youth Suicide Prevention Toolkit (http://www.nicwa.org/youthsuicidepreventiontoolkit/) SAMHSA Suicide Prevention Toolkit for High Schools (http://store.samhsa.gov/product/SMA12-4669) ZeroSuicide.org (https://zerosuicide.org) Columbia Suicide Screening Rating Scale (www.cssrs.columbia.edu) Honoring Native Life (honoringnativelife.org) Suicide Prevention Resource Center (www.sprc.org)

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 12/26/2018, Published on 02/13/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 17 October 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 12:25:34 MST