Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of New Mexico Population - Poverty Among All Persons

Definition

The estimated percentage of persons living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty level.

Numerator

Estimated number of persons living in households whose income is below 100% of the federal poverty level as defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Denominator

Estimated number of persons in the population.

Data Interpretation Issues

The U.S. Poverty Guidelines are published in January of each year, and may be found online at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/. The county data estimates were modeled by the U.S. Census Bureau. Estimated standard errors provide confidence intervals around each estimate that can be used to evaluate the quality of the estimate.

Why Is This Important?

Poverty takes into account both income and family size, and has both immediate and long-lasting effects on health. Income provides an assessment of the financial resources available to individual persons or families for basic necessities (e.g., food, clothing, and health care) to maintain or improve their well-being. Persons living in poverty are worse off than persons in more affluent households for many of the indicators tracked by the New Mexico Department of Health.

Healthy People Objective: SDOH-3.1, Proportion of persons living in poverty

U.S. Target: Not applicable

How Are We Doing?

in 2013, New Mexico's poverty rate peaked at 21.4%, the highest it had been over the past two decades. The rate has begun to decline, but at 19.8% is still higher than average for New Mexico, and is 35% higher than the U.S. rate of 14.7%.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In 2015, New Mexico was one of the most impoverished states in the nation. With 19.8% of its population living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, New Mexico's poverty rate was the second highest in the nation, behind only Mississippi.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Persons Living in Poverty New Mexico and U.S., 1995-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage of Persons in PovertyLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 44
New Mexico199520.2%19.2%21.3%
New Mexico199620.6%19.4%21.8%
New Mexico199719.3%18.1%20.4%
New Mexico199819.0%17.8%20.2%
New Mexico199918.2%17.1%19.3%
New Mexico200017.3%16.4%18.1%
New Mexico200118.0%17.2%18.8%
New Mexico200217.7%16.9%18.6%
New Mexico200317.7%16.8%18.5%
New Mexico200416.7%15.6%17.7%
New Mexico200518.4%17.9%18.8%
New Mexico200618.3%17.9%18.7%
New Mexico200717.9%17.4%18.3%
New Mexico200817.0%16.6%17.4%
New Mexico200918.2%17.7%18.8%
New Mexico201019.8%19.2%20.4%
New Mexico201120.9%20.4%21.4%
New Mexico201220.6%20.1%21.1%
New Mexico201321.4%20.9%21.9%
New Mexico201420.6%20.1%21.1%
New Mexico201519.8%19.2%20.4%415,7712,099,856
New Mexico201619.1%18.5%19.7%
United States199513.8%13.5%14.1%
United States199613.7%13.4%14.1%
United States199713.3%12.9%13.6%
United States199812.7%12.4%13.1%
United States199911.9%11.5%12.2%
United States200011.3%11.0%11.6%
United States200111.7%11.5%11.9%
United States200212.1%11.9%12.3%
United States200312.5%12.2%12.7%
United States200412.7%12.5%13.0%
United States200513.3%13.2%13.4%
United States200613.3%13.2%13.4%
United States200713.0%12.9%13.0%
United States200813.2%13.1%13.3%
United States200914.3%14.3%14.4%
United States201015.3%15.2%15.4%
United States201115.9%15.8%16.0%
United States201215.9%15.8%16.0%
United States201315.8%15.7%15.9%
United States201415.5%15.4%15.6%
United States201514.7%14.6%14.8%
United States201614.0%13.9%14.1%

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Census Bureau, Data Integration Division, Small Area Estimates Branch, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE). http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Persons Living in Poverty by County, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

CountyPercentage of Persons in PovertyLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo16.2%14.8%17.6%110,486682,011
Catron23.2%16.8%29.6%8483,654
Chaves22.0%18.3%25.7%14,56966,221
Cibola26.9%20.8%33.0%7,46927,764
Colfax21.4%16.6%26.2%2,73512,781
Curry18.9%15.6%22.2%9,57350,649
De Baca21.2%15.4%27.0%3951,863
Dona Ana25.6%22.5%28.7%55,626217,288
Eddy15.2%12.1%18.3%8,75057,567
Grant22.8%18.0%27.6%6,61329,005
Guadalupe25.1%18.2%32.0%1,1254,481
Harding14.3%10.4%18.2%97675
Hidalgo26.7%20.2%33.2%1,1934,467
Lea18.0%14.6%21.4%12,56469,801
Lincoln18.2%13.7%22.7%3,63419,966
Los Alamos4.0%2.9%5.1%73518,367
Luna27.6%21.2%34.0%6,86024,856
McKinley34.4%29.9%38.9%25,31073,575
Mora25.2%18.8%31.6%1,1694,640
Otero20.5%16.5%24.5%13,46065,658
Quay24.6%18.3%30.9%2,0908,495
Rio Arriba22.5%18.3%26.7%9,00540,022
Roosevelt22.3%17.3%27.3%4,39519,708
Sandoval14.5%12.5%16.5%20,565141,831
San Juan17.4%14.4%20.4%21,249122,122
San Miguel25.7%19.3%32.1%7,24128,175
Santa Fe14.0%11.6%16.4%20,892149,227
Sierra27.0%20.5%33.5%3,07011,370
Socorro25.4%18.2%32.6%4,41917,397
Taos22.4%17.5%27.3%7,49933,477
Torrance27.3%21.0%33.6%4,28415,693
Union20.1%14.9%25.3%8754,353
Valencia18.6%14.7%22.5%14,21576,427
NM19.1%18.5%19.7%401,7852,103,586
US14.0%13.9%14.1%44,123,166315,165,470

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.   Data by county are from the U.S. Census Bureau SAIPE, modeled Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Census Bureau, Data Integration Division, Small Area Estimates Branch, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE). http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Persons Living in Poverty by Education Level, New Mexico and U.S., 2016

::chart - missing::

NM vs. U.S.Education LevelPercentage of Persons in Poverty
Record Count: 8
New MexicoLess Than High School34.3%
New MexicoH.S. Grad or G.E.D.18.1%
New MexicoSome Post High School15.1%
New MexicoCollege Graduate6.4%
United StatesLess Than High School27.1%
United StatesH.S. Grad or G.E.D.14.3%
United StatesSome Post High School10.4%
United StatesCollege Graduate4.5%

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey. http://factfinder.census.gov.


Persons Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Race/EthnicityPercentage of Persons in PovertyLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 9
American Indian/Alaska Native34.5%
Asian/Pacific Islander11.4%
Black/African American26.0%
Hispanic25.7%
White12.4%
New Mexico20.9%
United States15.1%

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.   The poverty data by race and Hispanic ethnicity were available from the American Community Survey, but were not reported using New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) standard race and ethnicity categories. American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian/Pacific Islander, Black or African American groups excluded multi-racial persons, but included persons who were Hispanic or Latino. The Hispanic category include persons of Hispanic/Latino origin of any race. The White category include White non-Hispanic persons only. Comparisons with data using the NMDOH standard race reporting categories should not be made. For more information on race reporting categories, see the IBIS page on Race and Ethnicity Measurement and Reporting (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us/resource/RacEth.html).

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey. http://factfinder.census.gov.


Persons Living in Poverty by Health Region, New Mexico, 2012-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

New Mexico Health RegionPercentage of Persons in PovertyLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
Northwest27.1%26.0%28.3%61,984228,631
Northeast18.5%17.6%19.4%54,535294,778
Metro18.6%17.9%19.4%169,286908,210
Southeast18.8%17.6%20.0%55,149293,159
Southwest26.3%25.1%27.5%98,090373,603
New Mexico20.9%20.4%21.4%438,5622,098,381
US15.1%

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey. http://factfinder.census.gov.


Persons Living in Poverty by Small Area, New Mexico, 2012-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Small AreaPercentage of Persons in PovertyLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 111
1-Bernalillo County, Central Penn41.7%37.6%45.8%11,57027,757
2-Bernalillo County, Central Tabo26.1%21.0%31.3%8,19831,388
3-Bernalillo County, East Gateway7.4%5.4%9.5%1,46219,728
4-Bernalillo County, Lomas San Mateo16.8%13.6%20.1%3,48920,725
5-Bernalillo County, Lomas Girard27.7%23.3%32.0%4,19215,153
6-Bernalillo County, Gibson University37.2%30.6%43.9%4,86413,057
7-Bernalillo County, Rio Bravo Second32.3%24.9%39.7%3,1299,691
8-Bernalillo County, Lomas Broadway33.0%28.5%37.4%6,80720,652
9-Military Bases9.6%5.7%13.4%1,07511,210
10-Bernalillo County, Isleta Gun Club20.6%15.6%25.5%2,84613,840
11-Bernalillo County, Arenal Unser26.2%19.1%33.4%4,45216,975
12-Bernalillo County, Chavez OneEighteenth22.3%17.7%27.0%5,56924,927
13-Bernalillo County, Southwest22.7%17.2%28.2%2,87512,688
14-Bernalillo County, Arenal Tapia32.9%28.0%37.8%6,48719,725
15-Bernalillo County, Central Coors27.8%21.7%33.9%6,31522,736
16-Bernalillo County, So. Ninetyeight25.7%20.5%31.0%7,40428,790
17-Bernalillo County, No. Ninetyeight12.8%9.0%16.5%3,27025,645
18-Bernalillo County, Montano Rio Grande12.8%9.2%16.5%1,60912,527
19-Bernalillo County, Candelaria Second23.5%18.2%28.8%4,09917,446
20-Bernalillo County, Comanche Carlysle30.8%26.5%35.0%5,44517,692
21-Bernalillo County, Indian School Pennsylvania17.1%13.6%20.7%4,50526,293
22-Bernalillo County, Indian School Juan Tabo23.1%18.0%28.3%4,65820,143
23-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Louisiana20.6%16.8%24.3%4,51921,953
24-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Moon11.3%8.1%14.5%1,47613,071
25-Bernalillo County, Comanche Juan Tabo15.6%11.6%19.8%2,86918,325
26-Bernalillo County, Paseo Louisiana10.0%6.4%13.5%2,03620,412
27-Bernalillo County, Paseo Ventura5.4%3.5%7.2%1,52528,400
28-Bernalillo County, East Mountain10.2%7.4%13.0%1,98319,411
29-Bernalillo County, Del Norte5.8%3.7%7.9%1,13719,563
30-Bernalillo County, Montano Coors8.5%5.0%12.0%1,12513,295
31-Bernalillo County, Alameda Coors8.9%6.2%11.7%2,12823,818
32-Bernalillo County, Alameda Edith18.8%14.1%23.5%3,85120,462
33-Bernalillo County, Academy Tramway8.7%6.6%10.8%2,48128,440
34-Bernalillo County, Irving Unser12.6%9.4%15.9%3,55228,123
35-Chaves County, Roswell N.W.18.2%14.6%21.8%5,85932,203
36-Chaves County, Roswell S.E.29.9%24.1%35.8%4,89016,340
37-Chaves County, Other21.8%16.7%27.0%3,85817,673
38-Cibola County29.3%25.8%32.8%8,03727,416
39-Colfax/Union Counties18.2%15.0%21.4%3,24617,848
40-Curry County, Clovis West31.1%25.6%36.6%5,08416,327
41-Curry County, Clovis East18.6%14.0%23.3%4,04921,716
42-Dona Ana County, Anthony Berino Chaparral42.6%36.8%48.4%10,09923,713
43-Dona Ana County, Central Las Cruces30.8%25.8%35.7%5,73818,647
44-Dona Ana County, Dona Ana Fort Selden20.1%14.0%26.2%4,85424,135
45-Dona Ana County, Hatch and Surrounding Area24.4%18.1%30.7%2,96912,179
46-Dona Ana County, Las Alturas Talavera16.1%11.3%20.9%2,10913,095
47-Dona Ana County, Mesilla Picacho Mesilla Park25.5%19.3%31.7%3,08812,100
48-Dona Ana County, Northwest Las Cruces26.8%21.6%31.8%6,96326,034
49-Dona Ana County, Sonoma Butterfield Moongate17.6%12.8%22.4%5,04828,669
50-Dona Ana County, South Valley29.7%21.9%37.6%4,38414,740
51-Dona Ana County, Sunland Park36.0%31.0%41.0%6,84719,023
52-Dona Ana County, South Las Cruces46.1%40.2%52.1%9,83121,307
53-Eddy County, Carlsbad13.3%10.6%15.9%3,92229,588
54-Eddy County, Other9.4%6.8%12.1%2,48026,277
55-Grant County, Silver City22.0%17.2%26.7%3,70116,844
56-Hidalgo County/Grant County, Other20.2%16.9%23.5%3,46317,132
57-Lea County, Hobbs No.10.8%6.9%14.8%2,27921,032
58-Lea County, Hobbs So.25.5%20.1%30.9%3,64314,298
59-Lea County, Other12.9%10.1%15.7%4,23532,848
60-Lincoln County16.7%13.2%20.2%3,41020,459
61-Los Alamos County6.1%3.7%8.6%1,09917,899
62-Luna County29.5%25.7%33.3%7,31724,807
63-McKinley County, Gallup27.5%22.1%32.8%6,85224,936
64-McKinley County, NW46.0%43.2%48.7%7,57716,488
65-McKinley County, SW40.6%36.3%45.0%8,05819,826
66-McKinley County, Other39.9%36.2%43.6%5,12812,848
67-San Miguel County, Las Vegas33.4%28.1%38.7%5,25815,735
68-San Miguel County, Pecos/Villanueva26.9%17.5%36.2%2,3418,715
69-Mora/Guadalupe/San Miguel East19.8%14.9%24.6%2,72013,748
70-Otero County, Alamogordo N.E.14.0%9.9%18.2%2,56618,279
71-Otero County, Alamogordo S.W.26.3%21.4%31.2%4,14215,744
72-Otero County, Other29.8%24.1%35.4%8,42528,317
73-Quay/DeBaca/Harding Counties17.6%13.5%21.7%2,01311,420
74-Rio Arriba, Espanola and Pueblos25.1%21.3%29.0%7,08028,161
75-Rio Arriba, North20.5%15.8%25.2%2,45011,931
76-Roosevelt County/Curry County, Other21.8%18.4%25.2%6,61530,325
77-San Juan County, Farmington North7.8%4.8%10.7%1,26916,355
78-San Juan County, Farmington Southeast23.4%17.4%29.5%3,48914,890
79-San Juan County, Farmington West/Kirtland/La Plata18.9%14.2%23.6%4,43223,433
80-San Juan County, North/Aztec12.3%9.0%15.5%3,05024,860
81-San Juan County, Northeast/Bloomfield18.8%13.5%24.1%2,92115,556
82-San Juan County, South30.1%27.0%33.1%4,63515,417
83-San Juan County, West36.3%32.9%39.7%5,92316,324
84-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, No.6.6%4.4%8.8%1,95529,732
85-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, So.13.5%9.8%17.2%2,01814,961
86-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho West15.9%11.6%20.3%4,06025,491
87-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho So.12.0%8.7%15.4%2,83423,539
88-Sandoval County, Bernalillo/Placitas15.7%12.4%19.0%2,37215,102
89-Sandoval County, Corrales7.1%3.7%10.4%6168,698
90-Sandoval County Other East29.1%24.7%33.5%2,7609,478
91-Sandoval County Other West32.3%28.2%36.4%3,2239,988
92-Santa Fe County, East Foothills + Eldorado7.2%5.3%9.1%1,69223,621
93-Santa Fe County, Opera Vicinity10.1%6.9%13.3%1,44314,282
94-Santa Fe County, Pueblos Plus19.3%16.7%21.8%3,83719,924
95-Santa Fe Co., Agua Fria Neighborhood + Downtown18.1%15.1%21.1%4,35624,057
96-Santa Fe County, Agua Fria Village25.4%20.4%30.5%3,50113,771
97-Santa Fe, Bellamah/Stamm14.2%10.7%17.8%2,59518,222
98-Santa Fe County, Airport Road21.6%16.6%26.6%3,87017,920
99-Santa Fe County, South9.2%6.0%12.3%1,41515,470
101-Sierra/Catron Counties19.8%15.7%23.9%3,03315,310
102-Socorro County26.4%21.7%31.2%4,69417,759
103-Torrance County33.1%27.1%39.0%5,23215,829
104-Taos County, Northwest28.1%20.4%35.8%2,6509,437
105-Taos County, Downtown and High Road23.2%18.5%27.9%5,54323,913
106-Valencia County, Los Lunas17.1%13.3%21.0%2,78316,238
107-Valencia County, NE25.8%20.5%31.0%4,16416,166
108-Valencia County, SE22.4%17.8%27.1%5,17923,092
109-Valencia County, West and Belen28.7%23.8%33.6%6,14721,434
New Mexico19.8%19.2%20.4%415,7712,099,856
United States14.7%14.6%14.8%46,081,031313,476,400

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.   Poverty percentages for New Mexico's small areas are from the American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey. http://factfinder.census.gov.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Persons Living in Poverty by U.S. States, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

StatePercentage of Persons in PovertyLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 52
Alabama17.2%16.7%17.7%814,1974,741,355
Alaska9.9%9.2%10.6%71,916723,955
Arizona16.4%16.0%16.8%1,107,1536,771,106
Arkansas17.2%16.7%17.7%497,3882,898,653
California14.4%14.3%14.5%5,527,62138,513,333
Colorado11.0%10.8%11.2%598,3785,420,315
Connecticut9.9%9.5%10.3%342,1713,469,517
Delaware11.8%11.2%12.4%109,592926,860
District of Columbia18.5%17.3%19.7%119,778647,652
Florida14.8%14.6%15.0%2,986,23720,191,307
Georgia16.1%15.7%16.5%1,612,36810,040,187
Hawaii9.5%8.9%10.1%132,5971,389,436
Idaho13.8%13.1%14.5%228,0371,652,583
Illinois13.0%12.8%13.2%1,620,97412,502,043
Indiana14.0%13.6%14.4%899,1686,432,851
Iowa11.7%11.3%12.1%354,4293,031,272
Kansas12.2%11.7%12.7%343,7732,825,887
Kentucky18.2%17.7%18.7%782,7794,298,981
Louisiana20.1%19.6%20.6%911,9704,546,072
Maine12.3%11.7%12.9%159,5231,295,968
Maryland9.7%9.5%9.9%572,7865,874,987
Massachucetts10.5%10.3%10.7%688,3666,574,253
Michigan14.9%14.7%15.1%1,449,6839,702,326
Minnesota9.9%9.7%10.1%531,7895,396,370
Mississippi21.0%20.4%21.6%606,8732,892,926
Missouri14.0%13.6%14.4%826,3585,911,099
Montana13.4%12.8%14.0%136,4391,018,115
Nebraska11.3%10.8%11.8%208,8641,851,082
Nevada14.1%13.6%14.6%407,3082,896,890
New Hampshire7.6%7.1%8.1%97,7531,292,241
New Jersey10.4%10.2%10.6%915,3908,769,466
New Mexico19.1%18.5%19.7%390,4612,039,432
New York14.8%14.6%15.0%2,843,95419,230,203
North Carolina15.4%15.2%15.6%1,523,0349,885,985
North Dakota10.5%9.8%11.2%76,951731,713
Ohio14.5%14.3%14.7%1,639,63611,287,358
Oklahoma16.1%15.7%16.5%615,0503,809,426
Oregon13.4%13.0%13.8%538,1694,016,515
Pennsylvania12.9%12.7%13.1%1,589,58412,368,248
Rhode Island13.3%12.6%14.0%134,6831,015,893
South Carolina15.3%14.9%15.7%739,5744,820,435
South Dakota12.9%12.2%13.6%107,953837,301
Tennessee15.8%15.4%16.2%1,023,8256,489,044
Texas15.6%15.4%15.8%4,261,29127,236,431
Utah10.2%9.7%10.7%307,2703,004,151
Vermont11.3%10.6%12.0%67,825600,079
Virginia11.0%10.8%11.2%897,2448,158,203
Washington11.3%11.1%11.5%808,5827,156,291
West Virginia17.9%17.3%18.5%318,3681,779,953
Wisconsin11.8%11.4%12.2%661,4655,628,526
Wyoming10.9%10.1%11.7%62,416571,196
United States14.0%13.9%14.1%44,268,996315,165,470

Data Notes

Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, Data Integration Division, Small Area Estimates Branch, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE). http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/19/2018, Published on 01/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sun, 09 December 2018 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 10:20:19 MST