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Complete Health Indicator Report of Syphilis Rates

Definition

Syphilis cases reported in the state of New Mexico per 100,000 population.

Numerator

Number of cases of chlamydia reported to the state of New Mexico (and Centers for Disease Control) in New Mexico residents from all health care providers.

Denominator

Total Population

Why Is This Important?

Syphilis was on the verge of elimination in 2000. Since 2011, the number of cases of primary and secondary syphilis, which is the most infectious, in New Mexico has steadily increased (following national trends), especially in the MSM (males who have sex with males) population (male to female ratio of syphilis infection is 85%:15%). Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics; however, if left untreated for more than a year, it can eventually lead to paralysis, numbness, dementia, and death. Syphilis can also be transmitted from mother to infant.

How Are We Doing?

Overall, primary, secondary, and early latent (P,S&EL) syphilis rates have been increasing from 2011 (6.1 per 100,000 population) to 2017 (14.9 per 100,000 population). In 2017, primary, secondary, and early latent (P,S,EL) rates were highest in the Black/African American category, (28.4 per 100,000 population), second highest in the American Indian/Alaska Native race/ethnicity category (24.6 per 100,000), third highest in the Hispanic category (15.2 per 100,000). The lowest rates were found in the White category (7.8 per 100,000) and Asian/Pacific Islander category (2.8 per 100,000 population), respectively. By region, the highest P,S, and EL rate for 2017 was found in the Metro region (19.5 per 100,000), followed by the Northwest region (17.1 per 100,000), followed by the Northeast region (12.2 per 100,000), and then the Southeast region (9.5 per 100,000), and Southwest region (8.9 per 100,000). In conclusion, syphilis rates have increased dramatically since 2011. Racial and ethnic disparities exist with this disease, as well as disparities by region. These issues need to be addressed in the consideration of resource allocation.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Primary and secondary syphilis rates in New Mexico have ranked lower than U.S. rates from year 2010 to 2015. In 2017, New Mexico ranked 14th in the nation for primary and secondary syphilis, indicating a better ranking compared to other states than in 2016.

What Is Being Done?

Screening for syphilis is recommended for all pregnant women and should be considered for individuals at increased risk, commercial sex workers, persons who exchange sex for drugs, men who have sex with men (MSM), and those in adult correctional facilities. CDC recommends routine screening for syphilis at least annually for MSM and HIV-infected patients who are sexually active (2010 STD Treatment Guidelines, pages 12, 16).


Related Indicators

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent Cases per 100,000 Population by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2011-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

NM vs. U.S.YearCases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
New Mexico20113.42.64.2712,083,725
New Mexico20124.83.95.81012,091,432
New Mexico20133.72.94.5782,095,156
New Mexico20146.15.07.11272,098,381
New Mexico20155.64.66.61182,099,856
New Mexico20169.07.710.31892,103,586
New Mexico20179.27.910.51942,102,521
United States20114.5
United States20125.0
United States20135.5
United States20146.3
United States20157.4
United States20168.7
United States20179.5

Data Notes

Primary and Secondary syphilis cases only are counted for graph by year comparing US and New Mexico case rates. The same is true for any narrative comparisons of New Mexico to U.S. cases, since that is the CDC case rate selection criteria. All other graphs include Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent cases.

Data Sources

  • Patient Reporting Investigating Surveillance Manager, Infectious Disease Bureau, New Mexico Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Primary and Secondary Cases by County per 100,000 Population by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

CountyCases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 34
Bernalillo15.912.918.9108679,827
Catron0.00.00.003,581
Chaves0.00.00.0065,727
Cibola0.00.00.0027,160
Colfax8.1-7.723.9112,399
Curry2.0-1.95.9150,024
De Baca0.00.00.001,859
Dona Ana7.84.111.617216,637
Eddy3.5-1.38.2257,901
Grant3.6-3.410.5128,168
Guadalupe0.00.00.004,474
Harding0.00.00.00698
Hidalgo0.00.00.004,412
Lea5.70.111.2470,463
Lincoln5.1-4.915.1119,601
Los Alamos0.00.00.0018,749
Luna0.00.00.0024,456
McKinley16.57.225.81272,772
Mora0.00.00.004,593
Otero3.0-1.27.2265,858
Quay0.00.00.008,469
Rio Arriba5.1-2.012.1239,350
Roosevelt0.00.00.0019,409
Sandoval3.50.46.65142,705
San Juan0.00.00.00128,125
San Miguel0.00.00.0028,037
Santa Fe9.44.514.314149,694
Sierra8.8-8.526.2111,305
Socorro5.8-5.517.1117,323
Taos3.0-2.99.0132,975
Torrance6.4-6.118.8115,728
Union0.00.00.004,250
Valencia4.0-0.58.4375,790
New Mexico9.27.910.51942,102,521

Data Notes

Primary and Secondary syphilis cases only are counted for graph by year comparing US and New Mexico case rates. The same is true for any narrative comparisons of New Mexico to U.S. cases, since that is the CDC case rate selection criteria. All other graphs include Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent cases.

Data Sources

  • Patient Reporting Investigating Surveillance Manager, Infectious Disease Bureau, New Mexico Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent Syphilis Cases per 100,000 Population by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Race/EthnicityCases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Alaska Native14.18.819.527191,103
Asian/Pacific Islander2.8-2.78.2135,960
Black/African American19.76.832.5945,728
Hispanic9.67.711.4981,025,528
White4.42.95.835804,202
New Mexico9.27.910.51942,102,521

Data Notes

Primary and Secondary syphilis cases only are counted for graph by year comparing US and New Mexico case rates. The same is true for any narrative comparisons of New Mexico to U.S. cases, since that is the CDC case rate selection criteria. All other graphs include Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent cases.

Data Sources

  • Patient Reporting Investigating Surveillance Manager, Infectious Disease Bureau, New Mexico Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.


Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent Syphilis Cases per 100,000 Population by Public Health Region, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

New Mexico Health RegionCases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
Northwest8.34.612.119228,057
Northeast6.83.89.720295,220
Metro12.810.515.1117914,050
Southeast5.12.57.715293,454
Southwest5.93.48.422371,741
New Mexico9.27.910.51942,102,521

Data Notes

Primary and Secondary syphilis cases only are counted for graph by year comparing US and New Mexico case rates. The same is true for any narrative comparisons of New Mexico to U.S. cases, since that is the CDC case rate selection criteria. All other graphs include Primary, Secondary, and Early Latent cases.

Data Sources

  • Patient Reporting Investigating Surveillance Manager, Infectious Disease Bureau, New Mexico Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.

References and Community Resources

References: (1) https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/atlas/index.htm?s_cid=bb-od-atlasplus_002. Downloaded on 12/31/2018. (2) https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats17/SRtables.pdf. Downloaded on 12/31/2018.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 01/02/2019, Published on 01/03/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sat, 24 August 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Thu, 3 Jan 2019 13:33:05 MST