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Complete Health Indicator Report of Tobacco Use - Youth Overall Tobacco Prevalence

Definition

A current tobacco user is defined as a youth in grades 9-12 in a NM public high school who used any tobacco product (cigarettes, cigars, spit/chew, hookah, or e-cigarettes) on one or more days in the past month.

Numerator

Youth who reported in the Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) having used any tobacco product (cigarettes, cigars, spit/chew, hookah, or e-cigarettes) on one or more days in the past month.

Denominator

All youth who participated in the YRRS.

Why Is This Important?

Examining overall tobacco prevalence is an important way to look at the overall burden and risks associated with the use of any of a variety of tobacco products. In the past decade, the use of cigarettes and cigars by youth has declined dramatically, however, it has been offset by the emergence of newer products such as hookah and e-cigarettes (see supplemental graphic). The nicotine in tobacco products can harm adolescent and young adult brain development, as well as lead to long-term addiction. This indicator measures the use of any of the following tobacco products in the prior month: cigarettes, cigars, spit/chew, hookah, or e-cigarettes. In 2017, one in three NM high school youth used some form of tobacco and nearly half of these tobacco users used more than one type of product.

Evidence-based Practices

Addressing tobacco use is best done through a coordinated effort to establish tobacco-free policies and social norms, to promote and assist tobacco users to quit, and to prevent initiation of tobacco use. This comprehensive approach combines educational, clinical, regulatory, economic, and social strategies. Research has documented strong or sufficient evidence in the use of the following strategies: - Increasing the unit price of tobacco products - Restricting minors' access to tobacco products; restricting the time, place, and manner in which tobacco is marketed and sold - Strategic, culturally appropriate, and high impact health communication messages (mass media), including paid TV, radio, billboard, print, and web-based advertising at state and local levels - Ensuring that all patients seen in the health care system are screened for tobacco use, receive brief interventions to help them quit, and are offered more intensive counseling and low- or no-cost cessation medications; providing insurance coverage of tobacco use treatment; phone- and web-based cessation services are effective and can reach large numbers of tobacco users; - Passage of laws and policies in a comprehensive tobacco control effort to protect the public from secondhand exposure - Focusing tobacco prevention and cessation interventions on populations at greatest risk in an effort to reduce tobacco-related health disparities Sources: CDC. Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs - 2014 (www.cdc.gov/tobacco/stateandcommunity/best_practices/pdfs/2014/comprehensive.pdf) The Guide to Community Preventive Services: Tobacco Use - 2010 (www.thecommunityguide.org/tobacco/index.html)

Available Services

Current services include a free telephone helpline (1-800-QUIT NOW), with a personalized quitting plan, a trained quitting coach, multiple calls per enrollee, and quit coaching translation available in 200 languages. Web-based cessation services are also available (www.QuitNowNM.com) stand-alone or in combination with the telephone helpline. The telephone helpline is also available in Spanish (1-855 DEJELO YA), and the Spanish web-based services are available at www.DejeloYaNM.com. Additional services include free nicotine patches or gum and text-messaging support.


Graphical Data Views

YearPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 2
201533.4%31.6%35.1%
201732.7%29.6%36.0%
supplemental image

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data


Youth Overall Tobacco Use Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

In 2017, overall tobacco use (any of the five products) was highest in Taos (57.8%) and Rio Arriba (55.6%) counties, while the lowest use was in Curry (24.2%) and Roosevelt (25.6%) counties.
CountyPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 34
Bernalillo32.9%29.1%37.0%
Catron31.9%14.7%56.1%
Chaves31.8%26.0%38.3%
Cibola41.1%37.0%45.3%
Colfax31.7%25.6%38.5%
Curry24.2%17.4%32.5%
De Baca**
Dona Ana30.9%26.0%36.4%
Eddy41.8%34.1%49.8%
Grant26.7%21.8%32.2%
Guadalupe44.0%39.2%48.8%
Harding**
Hidalgo32.7%24.0%42.8%
Lea29.5%21.7%38.7%
Lincoln38.8%34.3%43.6%
Los Alamos26.1%18.5%35.5%
Luna42.8%33.1%53.0%
McKinley33.3%25.7%42.0%
Mora35.2%26.2%45.5%
Otero38.9%29.9%48.7%
Quay29.6%22.2%38.2%
Rio Arriba55.6%51.0%60.0%
Roosevelt25.6%13.6%43.0%
Sandoval37.3%30.8%44.2%
San Juan27.0%23.1%31.3%
San Miguel36.0%28.4%44.3%
Santa Fe36.9%34.0%39.9%
Sierra29.6%18.5%43.8%
Socorro42.2%37.4%48.3%
Taos57.8%50.8%64.4%
Torrance45.3%41.0%49.7%
Union27.8%25.8%29.9%
Valencia42.8%35.8%50.0%
New Mexico32.7%29.6%36.0%

Data Notes

**Data are not available for some counties (DeBaca & Harding) due to lack of participation in the YRRS by one or insufficient sample size. County-level YRRS estimates come from the larger NM sample dataset, while state-level YRRS estimates come from the smaller CDC sample.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data


Youth Overall Tobacco Use Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Overall tobacco use (any of the five products) was significantly higher among Hispanic youth than among American Indian youth.
Race/EthnicityPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 5
American Indian/Alaska Native27.1%23.8%30.7%
Asian/Pacific Islander26.9%17.5%38.9%
Black/African American32.1%24.4%41.0%
Hispanic34.7%31.7%37.9%
White32.6%28.5%36.8%

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data


Youth Overall Tobacco Use Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by Sex, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Overall tobacco use (any of the five products) is significantly higher among males than females.
Sex: Males vs. FemalesYearPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 2
Male201736.3%32.2%40.6%
Female201728.9%25.9%32.0%

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Overall Tobacco Use Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by Academic Performance, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Overall tobacco use (any of the five products) is significantly higher among youth who report earning mostly C's, D's, or F's, compared to youth earning A's or B's.
Academic Grades: Mostly A's or B's; versus C's D's or F'sYearPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 2
Mostly A's or B's201727.8%25.0%30.7%
Mostly C's D's or F's201744.7%39.4%50.2%

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Overall Tobacco Use Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by Grade Level, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Overall tobacco use (any of the five products) increases across grade levels. Overall tobacco use among 9th graders is significantly lower than youth in 10th, 11th, or 12th grade.
Grade Level YRRSYearPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 4
9th Grade201724.0%21.3%26.9%
10th Grade201731.4%27.4%35.7%
11th Grade201735.1%31.3%39.1%
12th Grade201742.5%37.4%47.8%

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Overall Tobacco Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by Parents' Education Level, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Overall tobacco use (any of the five products) is significantly higher among youth whose parents educational level is less than high school, compared to youth whose parents have a college degree.
Parent's Education LevelPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 3
Less Than High School36.9%32.2%41.9%
H.S. Grad or G.E.D.34.3%30.4%38.4%
College/Professional Degree or Higher26.8%23.1%31.0%

Data Notes

The level of parent education can be considered a rough measure of the family's socioeconomic status, with lower level of education assumed to be associated with lower socioeconomic status.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.


Youth Overall Tobacco Use Prevalence, Grades 9-12 by Sexual Orientation, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Overall tobacco use (any of the five products) is significantly higher among youth who are gay, lesbian, or bisexual, compared to straight youth.
Sexual OrientationPercentage Any Tobacco UseLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 3
Straight30.6%28.0%33.4%
Gay or Lesbian51.0%39.0%62.9%
Bisexual41.2%33.6%49.2%

References and Community Resources

Visit www.nmtupac.com for full information about the NM Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Program.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 11/30/2018, Published on 12/14/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Tue, 18 June 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 11:31:57 MST