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Complete Health Indicator Report of Unemployment Rate

Definition

The average annual percentage of the civilian labor force that was not employed and seeking employment (averaged across months). See Data Interpretation Issues for more information about the definition of employed versus unemployed persons.

Numerator

The number of unemployed persons in the civilian labor force.

Denominator

The total of persons in the civilian labor force, the sum of employed and unemployed persons.

Data Interpretation Issues

Unemployment rates are based on a monthly sample survey of households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons. People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria: They had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

Why Is This Important?

Household income is strongly related to health status for all persons in the household. Those living at or near the poverty level tend to have poorer health status, in part because they cannot always afford health care. Health status also depends on meeting a family's needs for adequate housing and nutrition. Lack of income may also keep children from having access to quality education, safe areas to play, and expose them to other risk factors. In addition, common reasons for unemployment include chronic mental or physical illness that limits a person's ability to work outside the home.

Other Objectives

New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)

How Are We Doing?

Over the last decade, the New Mexico unemployment rate peaked at 8.1% in 2010 and has been improving annually since then. The 2017 rate of 6.1% is near what is considered the "full employment" level (4% to 6.4%). The lowest unemployment rate New Mexico has experienced in the last decade was 3.5% in 2007, just before the recession. Unemployment is most severe in Luna County which had a rate of 14.1% in 2017.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The U.S. unemployment rate was higher than the New Mexico rate during the height of the recent recession (2007-2010). But beginning in 2010, the U.S. rate saw dramatic improvement and now, at 4.4%, is lower than the 2017 New Mexico rate of 6.1%.

Health Program Information

According to the United States Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) an estimated unemployment rate" of 4 to 6.4% is considered "full-employment." That is, the rate is not expected to fall below approximately 5% because of natural movement between jobs. When a population reaches full employment, wages are expected to rise.


Graphical Data Views

Percentage Unemployed New Mexico and U.S., 2000-2017

::chart - missing::

The U.S. unemployment rate was higher than the New Mexico rate during the height of the recent recession (2007-2010). But beginning in 2010, the U.S. rate saw dramatic improvement and now (2017), at 4.4%, is lower than the 2017 New Mexico rate of 6.1%.
NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage UnemployedNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 16
New Mexico20108.1%75,934936,088
New Mexico20117.5%70,051930,356
New Mexico20127.1%66,183928,739
New Mexico20137.0%64,257923,685
New Mexico20146.7%62,075921,380
New Mexico20156.6%60,647919,889
New Mexico20166.7%62,443927,355
New Mexico20176.1%57,0001,614,000
United States20109.6%14,825,000153,889,000
United States20118.9%13,747,000153,617,000
United States20128.1%12,506,000154,975,000
United States20137.4%11,460,000155,389,000
United States20146.2%9,617,000155,922,000
United States20155.3%8,296,000157,130,000
United States20164.9%7,751,000159,187,000
United States20174.4%6,982,000255,079,000

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Department of Workforce Solutions, 401 Broadway NE, Albuquerque NM 87102. Phone: (505)841-8645. Website: www.dws.state.nm.us.
  • U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. http://factfinder.census.gov.


Percentage Unemployed by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Although unemployment is most severe in Luna County, the rate has improved from 20.1% in 2010 to 14.7% in 2016.
CountyPercentage UnemployedLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo5.5%5.4%5.6%17,866326,340
Catron6.9%5.4%8.4%801,154
Chaves6.4%6.1%6.7%1,75727,274
Cibola7.9%7.3%8.5%7139,081
Colfax6.0%5.4%6.6%3425,663
Curry4.8%4.5%5.1%1,06622,018
De Baca4.5%3.1%5.9%38840
Dona Ana6.9%6.7%7.1%6,44593,805
Eddy5.3%5.0%5.6%1,52328,871
Grant6.2%5.8%6.6%74912,154
Guadalupe6.4%5.2%7.6%1051,636
Harding6.5%3.6%9.4%18275
Hidalgo5.2%4.3%6.1%1092,107
Lea6.6%6.3%6.9%1,81027,554
Lincoln5.5%5.0%6.0%4788,657
Los Alamos3.8%3.4%4.2%3419,056
Luna14.1%13.4%14.8%1,47510,454
McKinley8.7%8.3%9.1%2,10724,237
Mora7.9%6.8%9.0%1722,184
Otero6.1%5.8%6.4%1,51324,778
Quay6.2%5.4%7.0%2003,211
Rio Arriba6.4%6.0%6.8%1,07616,708
Roosevelt5.3%4.8%5.8%4197,937
Sandoval6.2%6.0%6.4%3,94663,918
San Juan7.2%7.0%7.4%3,84553,194
San Miguel7.4%6.9%7.9%80710,852
Santa Fe5.1%4.9%5.3%3,71872,851
Sierra7.9%7.1%8.7%3244,094
Socorro6.5%5.9%7.1%4246,490
Taos7.9%7.5%8.3%1,18914,979
Torrance8.6%7.9%9.3%4745,484
Union3.8%2.9%4.7%711,870
Valencia6.7%6.4%7.0%1,98929,846
New Mexico6.1%6.1%6.1%57,0001,614,000
U.S.4.4%4.4%4.4%6,982,000255,079,000

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Department of Workforce Solutions, 401 Broadway NE, Albuquerque NM 87102. Phone: (505)841-8645. Website: www.dws.state.nm.us.
  • U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. http://factfinder.census.gov.

References and Community Resources

See the New Mexico Department of Workforce Solutions for additional data about labor and the workforce. Website: http://www.dws.state.nm.us/ See also the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Website: http://www.bls.gov

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 12/24/2018, Published on 12/24/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 06 December 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Mon, 24 Dec 2018 14:18:33 MST