Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Important Facts for Air Quality - Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Level


Annual average (based on seasonal averages and daily measurement) ambient concentrations (microgram per cubic meter, g/m3) of PM2.5


Days in which a county exceeded the national standard for ambient air concentrations of PM2.5.



Data Interpretation Issues

This measure provides a general indication of the overall trend in annual PM2.5 concentrations. It may be affected by density and placement of monitors, and coverage will vary across the country and within states. It does not directly reflect exposure. Certain geographic areas, such as those near busy roads, are likely to have higher values. It is important to understand that this indicator is not for use compliance determination with NAAQS or reasonable further progress toward attaining compliance. The relationship between ambient concentrations and personal exposure is largely unknown and varies depending upon pollutant, activity patterns, and microenvironments.

Why Is This Important?

Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is related to a variety of adverse health conditions. Each 10 ug/m3 elevation in PM2.5 is related to an 8% increase in lung cancer mortality, a 6% increase in cardiopulmonary mortality, and a 4% increase in death from general causes. (1)

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sun, 05 July 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Mon, 11 Jan 2016 17:35:30 MST