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Important Facts for Alcohol - Alcohol-Related Chronic Liver Disease Hospital Discharges

Definition

Alcohol-related chronic liver disease (AR-CLD) is a progressive chronic disease caused by chronic alcohol abuse.

Numerator

Number of alcohol-related chronic liver deaths in New Mexico

Denominator

New Mexico Population

Data Interpretation Issues

According to the CDC's Alcohol-Related Disease Impact (ARDI) website (http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/ardi/Homepage.aspx), there are 54 causes of death considered to be at least partially attributable to alcohol. These include 35 alcohol-related chronic diseases (e.g., liver cirrhosis, alcohol dependence); and 19 alcohol-related injuries (e.g., motor vehicle crashes, poisonings, falls, homicide, suicide).

Why Is This Important?

Excessive alcohol use is the most common cause of CLD. Other causes (e.g. acetaminophen use) are less common. CLD can develop over many years, in some cases 20-30 years, and data on hospitalizations can provide information on CLD risk at an earlier time point in the disease?s development than AR-CLD mortality. However CLD hospitalizations are not limited to alcohol-related conditions, and include all hospital stays where the primary diagnosis was determined to be CLD. Additionally, CLD hospitalizations measure number of hospital stays rather than individuals diagnosed with CLD (i.e. a person can be hospitalized more than once). The rate of CLD hospitalizations in 2016 (83.8 hospitalizations per 100,000) has increased 41.6% since 2010 (59.2 hospitalizations per 100,000). Women are at lower risk than men. Women who identify as Asian or Pacific Islander have the lowest rates whereas men who identify as American Indian have the highest rates.

Other Objectives

Substance Abuse Epidemiology Report Indicator
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 17 October 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 12:24:45 MDT