DefinitionAn asthma hospitalization is a hospital admission that occurs in state with asthma listed as the primary (first-listed) diagnosis of a New Mexico resident age 18 years and older. Asthma diagnosis include the ICD-9 codes 493.0-493.92 and, after 10/2015, the ICD-10 code J45.
NumeratorNumber of adult hospital discharges where asthma is the primary (first-listed) diagnosis.
DenominatorEstimated total number of New Mexico residents in a specified population over a specified time period.
Data Interpretation IssuesCurrently, the hospital inpatient discharge dataset includes data from NON-FEDERAL HOSPITALS only. It does not include hospital discharges from Veteran's Administration (VA) facilities, nor from Indian Health Service (IHS) facilities, which account for a large proportion of hospitalizations for New Mexico's American Indian population. Until federal hospitals can be included in the data, these results should not be used to make population inferences for New Mexico's American Indian populations.
Why Is This Important?Asthma is one of the common chronic diseases in New Mexico,
with an estimated 156,782 adults currently having the disease.
People with asthma are more likely to miss school or work,
report feelings of depression, and experience an overall reduced
quality of life. Asthma is also costly, with expenses from routine
checkups, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and
medications putting a significant burden on families, the health
care sector, and the economy. Though it cannot be cured, asthma
can be controlled through quality health care, appropriate
medications, and good self-management skills. When asthma is
controlled, people with the disease have few, if any, symptoms,
and can live normal and productive lives.
Healthy People Objective: RD-2, Reduce hospitalizations for asthmaU.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category
Other ObjectivesNew Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)
How Are We Doing?New Mexico adults hospitalization crude rates remained steady from 2004 to 2014 then began to decrease in 2015.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Recent National data are not available for comparison.
What Is Being Done?The New Mexico Department of Health Asthma Program
collects, analyzes, and disseminates asthma data in order to
identify populations that have high burden of asthma. The
Asthma Program also works with partners throughout the state
(such as hospitals, physician groups, insurance plans, and
schools) to design and implement health interventions to lessen
the disease burden. Current interventions include providing
asthma self-management education to pediatric patients,
supporting indoor air quality assessments of homes to limit
exposures to potential asthma triggers, and offering provider
training on the National Asthma Education and Prevention
Program (NAEPP) asthma medical guidelines.
Evidence-based PracticesAsthma and its symptoms can be controlled and related
impairments or hospitalizations can be prevented. According to
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the NAEPP of
the National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and
Blood Institute have issued guidelines for the diagnosis and
management of asthma. These guidelines translated advances in
scientific and clinical research into practical advice for people
with asthma, for the health care providers who look after them,
and for the communities where they live.
Health Program InformationAsthma Program, New Mexico Department of Health, P.O. Box 26110, 1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite N1300, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Heidi Krapfl, Principal Investigator, (505) 476-3577, Heidi.Krapfl@state.nm.us.