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Important Facts for Asthma Hospital Discharges among Adults

Definition

An asthma hospitalization is a hospital admission that occurs in state with asthma listed as the primary (first-listed) diagnosis of a New Mexico resident age 18 years and older. Asthma diagnosis include the ICD-9 codes 493.0-493.92 and, after 10/2015, the ICD-10 code J45.

Numerator

Number of adult hospital discharges where asthma is the primary (first-listed) diagnosis.

Denominator

Estimated total number of New Mexico residents in a specified population over a specified time period.

Data Interpretation Issues

Currently, the hospital inpatient discharge dataset includes data from NON-FEDERAL HOSPITALS only. It does not include hospital discharges from Veteran's Administration (VA) facilities, nor from Indian Health Service (IHS) facilities, which account for a large proportion of hospitalizations for New Mexico's American Indian population. Until federal hospitals can be included in the data, these results should not be used to make population inferences for New Mexico's American Indian populations.

Why Is This Important?

Asthma is one of the common chronic diseases in New Mexico, with an estimated 156,782 adults currently having the disease. People with asthma are more likely to miss school or work, report feelings of depression, and experience an overall reduced quality of life. Asthma is also costly, with expenses from routine checkups, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and medications putting a significant burden on families, the health care sector, and the economy. Though it cannot be cured, asthma can be controlled through quality health care, appropriate medications, and good self-management skills. When asthma is controlled, people with the disease have few, if any, symptoms, and can live normal and productive lives.

Healthy People Objective: RD-2, Reduce hospitalizations for asthma

U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category

Other Objectives

New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)

How Are We Doing?

New Mexico adults hospitalization crude rates remained steady from 2004 to 2014 then began to decrease in 2015.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Recent National data are not available for comparison.

What Is Being Done?

The New Mexico Department of Health Asthma Program collects, analyzes, and disseminates asthma data in order to identify populations that have high burden of asthma. The Asthma Program also works with partners throughout the state (such as hospitals, physician groups, insurance plans, and schools) to design and implement health interventions to lessen the disease burden. Current interventions include providing asthma self-management education to pediatric patients, supporting indoor air quality assessments of homes to limit exposures to potential asthma triggers, and offering provider training on the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) asthma medical guidelines.

Evidence-based Practices

Asthma and its symptoms can be controlled and related impairments or hospitalizations can be prevented. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the NAEPP of the National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute have issued guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. These guidelines translated advances in scientific and clinical research into practical advice for people with asthma, for the health care providers who look after them, and for the communities where they live.

Health Program Information

Asthma Program, New Mexico Department of Health, P.O. Box 26110, 1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite N1300, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Heidi Krapfl, Principal Investigator, (505) 476-3577, Heidi.Krapfl@state.nm.us.
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 06 December 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 8 Mar 2019 09:16:43 MST