DefinitionAn asthma hospitalization is a hospital discharge that occurs in state with asthma listed as the primary (first-listed) diagnosis of a New Mexico resident 0 to 17 year-old. A diagnosis of asthma includes the ICD-9 codes 493.0-493.92 and the ICD-10 code J45.
NumeratorNumber of child hospital discharges where asthma is the primary (first-listed) diagnosis.
DenominatorEstimated total number of New Mexico residents in a specified population over a specified time period.
Data Interpretation IssuesCurrently, the hospital inpatient discharge dataset includes data from NON-FEDERAL HOSPITALS only. It does not include hospital discharges from Veteran's Administration (VA) facilities, nor from Indian Health Service (IHS) facilities, which account for a large proportion of hospitalizations for New Mexico's American Indian population. Until federal hospitals can be included in the data, these results should not be used to make population inferences for New Mexico's American Indian populations.
Why Is This Important?Asthma is one of the common chronic diseases in New Mexico, with an estimated 45,503 children currently having the disease. People with asthma are more likely to miss school or work, report feelings of depression, and experience an overall reduced quality of life. Asthma is also costly, with expenses from routine checkups, emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and medications putting a significant burden on families, the health care sector, and the economy. Though it cannot be cured, asthma can be controlled through quality health care, appropriate medications, and good self-management skills. When asthma is controlled, people with the disease have few, if any, symptoms, and can live normal and productive lives.
Healthy People Objective: RD-2.1, Reduce hospitalizations for asthma: Children under age 5 yearsU.S. Target: 18.1 hospitalizations per 10,000
Other ObjectivesNew Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)
How Are We Doing?New Mexico children asthma hospitalization rates fluctuate from 2007 to 2017 but starting in 2015, these rates appear to be declining.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Recent National data are not available for comparison.
What Is Being Done?The New Mexico Department of Health Asthma Control Program collects, analyzes, and disseminates asthma data in order to identify populations that have a high burden of asthma. The Asthma Control Program also works with partners throughout the state (such as hospitals, physician groups, insurance plans, and schools) to design and implement health interventions to lessen the disease burden. Current interventions include providing asthma self-management education to pediatric patients, supporting indoor air quality assessments of homes to limit exposures to potential asthma triggers, and offering provider training on the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) asthma medical guidelines.
Evidence-based PracticesAsthma and its symptoms can be controlled and related impairments or hospitalizations can be prevented. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the NAEPP of the National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute have issued guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. These guidelines translated advances in scientific and clinical research into practical advice for people with asthma, for the health care providers who look after them, and for the communities where they live.
Health Program InformationAsthma Control Program, New Mexico Department of Health, P.O. Box 26110, 1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite N1300, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Heidi Krapfl, Principal Investigator and Bureau Chief, (505) 476-3577, Heidi.Krapfl@state.nm.us.