DefinitionAcute myeloid leukemia (AML) incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with AML within a specified time period and age group. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed AML cases; and 2) age-adjusted AML incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). Measures are calculated for children and all ages combined. Childhood rates (< 15 years of age and < 20 years of age) are expressed per 1,000,000 persons. Rates for all ages are expressed per 100,000 persons.
NumeratorThe number of AML cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recodes for AML: 35021 (acute myeloid leukemia). http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group.
Why Is This Important?Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells that affects both adults and children. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in children and adolescents, and often arises very rapidly over a short period (acute form). In adults, leukemia is more likely to take many years to develop (chronic form). The causes of leukemia are not well understood but appear to involve a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
Among U.S. adults, acute myeloid leukemia is the most common type of leukemia, representing 1.2% of all new cancer cases and 1.8% of deaths. This equates to 21,450 cases and 10,290 deaths annually. The five-year survival rate is 24%. Among children and teens, leukemia accounts for around 1/3rd of all childhood cancers, with around 25% of childhood leukemia being acute myeloid leukemia.
Among all age groups, New Mexico has averaged 81 new cases of acute myeloid leukemia each year between 2010 and 2015 among all age groups. Rates of diagnosis have increased by approximately 34% since 1990, which is consistent with national trends.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)