DefinitionBladder cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with bladder cancer within a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed bladder cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted bladder cancer incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.
NumeratorThe number of bladder cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for bladder cancer: 29010. http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Why Is This Important?Bladder cancer is largely a disease of older adults, particularly those age 65 years and older, and occurs twice as often in men than women. Bladder cancer accounts for about 5% of newly diagnosed cancers in the U.S. each year and about 3% of annual cancer deaths. The five-year survival rate is 77.3%.
Between 2010 and 2015, New Mexico has averaged about 362 new cases of bladder per year. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of bladder cancer in New Mexico have declined by approximately 14%, which is consistent with national trends.
Smoking is a major cause of bladder cancer, accounting for up to about 25% of cancers in women and 50% in males. Certain workplace exposures may also increase bladder cancer risk. Studies have shown that workers in the trucking, dye, rubber, textile, leather, and chemical industries have a higher risk of bladder cancer. Long-term consumption of drinking water containing high levels of arsenic has also been shown to increase bladder cancer risk.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)