DefinitionPancreas cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with pancreas cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed pancreas cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted pancreas cancer incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.
NumeratorThe number of pancreas cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Why Is This Important?Pancreatic cancer forms in tissues of the pancreas, a digestive organ located behind the lower part of your stomach. Each year, pancreatic cancer accounts for 3% of all new cancer cases and 7% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. This equates to 53,000 cases and 42,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 8%.
New Mexico has averaged about 258 new cases of pancreatic cancer per year between 2010 and 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of pancreatic cancer in New Mexico appear to have increased slightly by approximately 6%, which is consistent with national trends.
The disease often has a poor prognosis, even when diagnosed early. Pancreatic cancer typically spreads rapidly and is seldom detected in its early stages, which is a primary reason why it is a major cause of cancer death.
Smoking is generally considered to be the biggest risk factor for developing pancreatic cancer.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)