DefinitionGonorrhea cases reported in the state of New Mexico per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of cases of chlamydia reported to the state of New Mexico (and Centers for Disease Control) in New Mexico residents from all health care providers.
Why Is This Important?Gonorrhea is the second most common STD next to chlamydia. Many men with gonorrhea are asymptomatic and most women are. Untreated gonorrhea can increase a person's risk of acquiring HIV. Rates have been increasing since 2010, with higher rates among men. Highest rates are in the 20 to 29 year age group.
How Are We Doing?Overall, gonorrhea rates have been increasing from 2011 (88 per 100,000 population) to 2017 (213.7 per 100,000 population). In 2017, gonorrhea rates were highest in the Black/African American race/ethnicity category (513.9 per 100,000), second highest in the American Indian population, (256.9 per 100,000 population), and third highest in the Hispanic category (140.1 per 100,000). The lowest rates were found in the White category (87 per 100,000 population) and Asian/Pacific Islander category (33.4 per 100,000) respectively. By region, the highest gonorrhea rate for 2017 was found in the Northwest region (302 per 100,000), followed by the Metro region (270 per 100,000) and then the Southeast region (173 per 100,000). In conclusion, racial and ethnic disparities exist with this disease, as well as disparities by region. These issues need to be addressed in the consideration of resource allocation.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Gonorrhea rates in New Mexico have ranked lower than U.S. rates from year 2010 to 2015. In 2017, New Mexico ranked 14th in the nation for gonorrhea.
What Is Being Done?Routine screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia is recommended at least annually for all sexually-active, HIV-infected persons; more frequent screening may be indicated, depending on individual risk (2010 STD Treatment Guidelines, page 16). HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) should be screened per the recommendations for all MSM (2010 STD Treatment Guidelines, pages 12-13). Screening for gonorrhea in men and older women who are at low risk for infection is not recommended.