DefinitionNew diagnoses of HIV infection, New Mexico total; number and rate (cases per 100,000 population) by year and public health region.
NumeratorIncident HIV cases: Number of new diagnoses of HIV Infection.
DenominatorNew Mexico population, according to US census estimates.
NMDOH health region population (i.e., inclusive counties population), according to University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies Program estimates.
Why Is This Important?The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and is an infection which progressively damages the immune system. When left untreated over time HIV infection can leave a person vulnerable to potentially deadly opportunistic infections, advancement to the most severe form of infection (i.e., AIDS or stage 3 HIV infection), or death. The global epidemic of HIV infection was first recognized in 1981^1^ and since then advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment have made significant impacts in reducing the burden of HIV worldwide, including in the United States. Nonetheless, tens-of-thousands of new infections and hundreds-of-thousands of chronic infections continue to be reported each year, resulting in tens-of-billions of dollars in health care costs, demonstrates that HIV remains a significant public health problem in the United States^2-4^. With an average of 143 new HIV infections reported annually and over 3,000 new or chronic HIV infections reported in 2013^5^, HIV infection is also an important health issue in New Mexico.
# Gottlieb, M.S., ''Pneumocystis pneumonia--Los Angeles.'' 1981. Am J Public Health, 2006. '''96'''(6): p. 980-1; discussion 982-3.
# Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2013'', 2014, enters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-82.
# Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2014'', 2015, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-123.
# Hutchinson, A.B., et al., ''The economic burden of HIV in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: evidence of continuing racial and ethnic differences''. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2006. '''43'''(4): p. 451-7.
# New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH), ''Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Stage 3 Infection (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome [AIDS]) Among Adults and Adolescents in New Mexico - 2013'', Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Surveillance and Epidemiology Program, Editor 2015, New Mexico Department of Health: Santa Fe, New Mexico USA. p. 1-32.