DefinitionPercentage of NM residents 18 years or older who screened positive for current depression in the two weeks prior to taking a phone survey.
NumeratorNumber of survey respondents who reported a total of 10 depressive symptom-days or more within the two weeks prior to survey.
DenominatorNumber of survey respondents excluding those with missing, "Don't know/Not sure," and "Refused" responses.
Data Interpretation IssuesData for this indicator report are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related behaviors, health conditions, and preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, D.C., and U.S. territories. Responses have been weighted to reflect the New Mexico adult population by age, sex, ethnicity, geographic region, marital status, education level, home ownership and type of phone ownership.
The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (with cellular since 2011). The landline phone portion of the survey excludes adults living in group quarters such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. The cellular phone portion of the survey includes adult students living in college dormitories but excludes other group quarters.
Beginning with 2011, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods by adding in calls to cell phones and changing its weighting methods. These changes improve BRFSS' ability to take into account the increasing proportion of U.S. adults using only cellular telephones as well as to adjust survey data to improve the representativeness of the estimates generated from the survey. Results have been adjusted for the probability of selection of the respondent and have been weighted to the adult population by age, gender, phone type, detailed race/ethnicity, renter/owner, education, marital status, and geographic area. Lastly and importantly, these changes mean that the data from years prior to 2011 are not directly comparable to data from 2011 and beyond (see https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/query/selection/brfss/_BRFSSSelection.html).
The "missing" and "don't know" responses are removed before calculating a percentage.
Why Is This Important?Depression is one of the most prevalent and treatable mental disorders. Major depression is usually associated with co-morbid mental disorders, such as anxiety and substance use disorders, and impairment of a person's ability to function in work, home, relationship, and social roles. Depression is also a risk factor for suicide and attempted suicide. In addition, depressive disorders have been associated with an increased prevalence of chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, asthma, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, and obesity.
Healthy People Objective: MHMD-4, Reduce the proportion of persons who experience major depressive episode (MDE)U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category
Other ObjectivesSubstance Abuse Epidemiology Report Indicator
Mental Health Report Indicator
How Are We Doing?In 2016, 9.8% of NM residents 18 years or older screened positive for current depression.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?According to results of the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 6.7% of U.S. residents 18 years and older experienced a major depressive episode in the past year.
What Is Being Done?The Department of Health Epidemiology and Response Division conducts ongoing surveillance for indicators of mental health among students and adults in every county of New Mexico. The Human Services Department recently modernized the New Mexico Medicaid system by integrating physical and behavioral health services in the Centennial Care program, which will help treat an individual in a more holistic manner.
Evidence-based PracticesFor reviews of evidence-based practices, please see:
-US Preventive Services Task Force: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/
-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention?s Community Guide: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/index.html
-Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration?s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices: https://www.samhsa.gov/nrepp
Health Program InformationThe BRFSS is an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (landline only from 1986 through 2010; landline and cellular since 2011).