DefinitionPercentage of students grades 9-12 in a NM public school who felt so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row that they stopped doing some usual activities during the past 12 months.
NumeratorNumber of students who answered, "Yes", to the question, "During the past 12 months, did you ever feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row that you stopped doing some usual activities?"
DenominatorTotal number of respondents who answered the question, "During the past 12 months, did you ever feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row that you stopped doing some usual activities?"
Data Interpretation IssuesRates for 2001 and 2003 are based upon a different sampling methodology than for the years 2005 and beyond. Since 2005, the NM sampling methodology was consistent with the methodology recommended by CDC, and was consistent with other states participating in the YRBS. The questionnaire item was identical to that used by the national YRBS and other participating YRBS states. For more information, see "2013 NM-YRRS Survey Results Report: Mental Health and Related Behaviors", available at http://www.youthrisk.org/pdf/YRRS_2013_MentalHealthReport.pdf.
Why Is This Important?Feelings of sadness or hopelessness are a risk factor for depression. Students who report feelings of sadness or hopelessness are more likely than other students to report suicide attempts, cigarette smoking, binge drinking and illicit drug use. The prevalence of feelings of sadness or hopelessness among youth in NM and the US has remained relatively stable since 2001. In 2015, the prevalence among youth in NM (32.5%) was higher than that of the US (29.9%), although this difference was not statistically significant.
Healthy People Objective: MHMD-4.1, Reduce the proportion of persons who experience major depressive episode (MDE): Adolescents aged 12 to 17 yearsU.S. Target: 7.4 percent
Other ObjectivesSubstance Abuse Epidemiology Report Indicator
Mental Health Report Indicator
New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)
How Are We Doing?The prevalence of feelings of sadness or hopelessness among youth in NM and the US has remained relatively stable since 2001, but the prevalence among youth in NM in 2015 is the highest it has been in 15 years.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?There was not a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of feelings of sadness or hopelessness among youth in NM (32.5%) and the US (29.9%).
What Is Being Done?The Department of Health's Office of School and Adolescent Health provides training and funding for 66 school-based health clinics that provide both primary and behavioral health services for students. The Department of Health's Epidemiology and Response Division conducts ongoing surveillance for indicators of mental health among students and adults in every county of New Mexico. The Human Services Department recently modernized the New Mexico Medicaid system by integrating physical and behavioral health services in the Centennial Care program, which will help treat an individual in a more holistic manner. In a recent survey of behavioral health consumers in New Mexico, results showed that New Mexico ranks in the top half of states or above the national average regarding access to services, participation in treatment, and mental health workforce availability.
Evidence-based PracticesFor reviews of evidence-based practices, please see:
-US Preventive Services Task Force: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/
-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention?s Community Guide: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/index.html
-Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration?s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices: http://www.samhsa.gov/nrepp
Health Program InformationThe YRRS is a tool to assess the health risk behaviors and resiliency (protective) factors of New Mexico high school and middle school students. The YRRS is part of the national CDC YRBSS, but the survey results have widespread benefits for New Mexico at the state, county, and school district levels. Topic areas for the YRRS include risk behaviors related to alcohol and drug use, unintentional injury, violence, suicidal ideation and attempts, tobacco use, sexual activity, physical activity, and nutrition; resiliency (protective) factors such as relationships in the family, school, community, and with peers; and health status issues such as body weight and asthma. The YRRS is offered to a selection of high schools and middle schools in each school district in the fall of odd-numbered years. All data are self-reported by students who voluntarily complete the survey during one class period.
NM Department of Health, Mental Health Epidemiologist: Carol Moss, 505-476-1440