DefinitionYPLL can be defined as the years of potential life lost due to premature death.
NumeratorSum of years of life lost is 75 minus the age at death, summed across all deaths of persons under age 75.
DenominatorNew Mexico population.
Why Is This Important?YPLLs can show the burden of premature deaths due to a particular cause of death within a population. YPLLs can also be used to distinguish the burden of premature death in populations. Unlike crude and standard age-adjusted measures, YPLL emphasizes the processes underlying premature death in a population. By giving weight to each year of expected life lost, the YPLL measure values deaths at younger ages more. Deaths at younger ages are more likely due to preventable causes and can be decreased by intervention and education efforts.
How Are We Doing?Improvements in nutrition, hygiene, and medical care have contributed to decreases in death rates and years of life lost throughout the lifespan of all New Mexicans and Americans. Specifically, prevention and control of infectious diseases have improved the quality of life for all persons.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?YPLL in New Mexico is higher than that in the U.S.Age-adjusted YPLL before age 75 was 7,608.5 years in New Mexico compared with 6,474.3 in the United States, overall.
What Is Being Done?Now that people are living longer, it is important to look at ways that those added years can be lived in good health. Exercise, healthy diet and weight, not smoking, moderate use of alcohol and injury prevention habits such as wearing seat belts all contribute to a healthy lifespan.