Health Indicator Report of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Deaths
COPD, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, is a chronic lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is a progressive disease, which means that the disease gets worse over time. The disease isn't passed from person to person, it is not contagious. COPD develops slowly. Symptoms often worsen over time and can limit the ability to do routine activities. Severe COPD may prevent people from doing even basic activities like walking, cooking, or taking care of themselves. COPD has no cure yet and doctors don't know how to reverse the damage to the airways and lungs. However, COPD is often preventable and treatable. Treatments and lifestyle changes can help those affected feel better, stay more active, and slow the progress of the disease. Early detection of COPD is key to successful treatment. Knowing the symptoms or exposures to risk factors (see below) may lead to early diagnosis of COPD. COPD is a major cause of disability; was the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2014.
NotesICD Stands for International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death on death certificates and diagnoses.
- New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
- Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
- Number of Deaths by Year and Sex, New Mexico 2007-2017
- Number of Deaths by County, New Mexico 2007-2017
- Crude Rate by Age Group and Sex, New Mexico 2007-2017
- Crude Rate by County, New Mexico 2007-2017
- Crude Rate by Month, New Mexico 2013-2017
- Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2007-2017
- Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population, New Mexico 2007-2017
DefinitionChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, is a chronic lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. A COPD death has an underlying cause of death with ICD-10 codes J40-J44. Measures include: 1) the number of deaths for COPD by sex and by year, 2) the number of COPD deaths by county, 3) crude rate of COPD deaths by age group (ages 25-44, 45-64 and 65 and older) and year, 4) crude rate of COPD deaths per 100,000 population by county, 5) crude rate of COPD deaths per 100,000 by month (five year average), 6) age-adjusted rate of COPD deaths per 100,000 population by county (adjusted by the direct method to year 2000 US standard population), 7) age-adjusted rate of COPD deaths per 100,000 population by county (adjusted by the direct method to year 2000 US standard population) and 8) age-adjusted rates of COPD deaths per 100,000 population by year.
NumeratorNumber of all COPD deaths.
DenominatorEstimated total number of New Mexico residents in a specified population over a specified time period (mid-year estimates).
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?New Mexico and the United States have similar rates of COPD.
What Is Being Done?Steps to be taken to reduce risk for COPD include: 1) If you are a smoker, STOP SMOKING. Quitting smoking is the single most important thing a smoker can do to live a longer and healthier life.The New Mexico Department of Health's Tobacco Use Prevention and Control (TUPAC) program and its partners use a comprehensive, evidence-based, approach to reducing tobacco use. The American Lung Association also has many programs to help you quit for good. 2) If you don't smoke, don't start. Smoking causes COPD, lung cancer, heart disease and other cancers. 3) Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke. Make your home smokefree. You'll not only protect yourself, but your family too. Learn about your rights to a smokefree environment at work and in public places. 4) Be aware of other dangers. Take care to protect yourself against chemicals, dust and fumes in your home and at work. 5) Help fight for clean air. Work with others in your community to help clean up the air you and your family breathe.
Page Content Updated On 10/30/2018, Published on 10/30/2018