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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Deaths - Melanoma

Melanoma skin cancer is less common than basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers, but it is far more serious. All types of skin cancer are associated with exposure to the sun. New Mexico's desert climate and high elevation contribute to increased levels of sun exposure, resulting in higher overall skin cancer incidence rates. One-third of our state's population lives in Albuquerque, located 5,311 feet above sea level, which receives one of the highest rates of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure in the nation.

Notes

Melanoma skin cancer mortality is defined as a malignant neoplasm, melanoma of skin (ICD10: C43).   Data have been directly age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).

Definition

Melanoma Skin Cancer Deaths per 100,000 population in New Mexico

Numerator

Number of melanoma skin cancer deaths

Denominator

New Mexico population

Healthy People Objective: C-8, Reduce the melanoma cancer death rate

U.S. Target: 2.4 deaths per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

Other HP2020 objectives relevant to melanoma deaths include: C-20: Increase the proportion of persons who participate in behaviors that reduce their exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and avoid sunburn C-20.1: (Developmental) Reduce the proportion of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who report sunburn C-20.2: (Developmental) Reduce the proportion of adults aged 18 years and older who report sunburn C-20.3: Reduce the proportion of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who report using artificial sources of ultraviolet light for tanning C-20.4: Reduce the proportion of adults aged 18 and older who report using artificial sources of ultraviolet light for tanning C-20.5: Increase the proportion of adolescents in grades 9 through 12 who follow protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer C-20.6: Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 years and older who follow protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer

How Are We Doing?

The rate of death from melanoma skin cancer among New Mexicans has remained fairly stable at around 2 to 3 deaths per 100,000 from 1999-2017, and has been below the Healthy People 2020 goal of 2.4 per 100,000 population at several points between 1999-2017. However, some groups are more likely to die from melanoma than others. Whites die at significantly higher rates than other racial/ethnic groups in New Mexico, and men die at significantly higher rates than women.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Age-adjusted melanoma mortality rates have remained fairly stable and are very similar for New Mexico and the United States overall at around 2 to 3 deaths per 100,000 from 1999-2017.

What Is Being Done?

Blistering sunburn in childhood and adolescence is an almost universal risk factor for melanoma in White populations. Potentially, the greatest reductions in the numbers of melanoma skin cancer cases could come from preventive strategies. Communities throughout the state participate in the New Mexico Department of Health Comprehensive Cancer Program's RAYS Project - Raising Awareness in Youth about Sun Safety. Elementary school kids are taught the importance of being sun safe to reduce the risk of future skin cancer. The project focuses on policy changes such as allowing children to wear hats during recess, in addition to personal behaviors such as staying out of the sun and covering up with long sleeves and hats. Since 2002, more than 40,000 children, parents and community members have been reached with educational messages about sun safety through the RAYS Project.

Evidence-based Practices

The CDC's Guide to Community Preventive Services provides information on evidence-based education and policy approaches that aim to increase behaviors such as: -reducing sun exposure, especially during peak hours -improving knowledge and attitudes about sun protection among children and adults -changing policies and creating sun-safe environments including more shade structures

Available Services

The New Mexico Department of Health, Comprehensive Cancer Program, Raising Awareness among Youth about Sun Safety (RAYS) Project (http://archive.cancernm.org/rays/)

Health Program Information

Visit the New Mexico Department of Health Comprehensive Cancer Program website at: http://archive.cancernm.org/ccp/
Page Content Updated On 12/26/2018, Published on 12/28/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 17 January 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Fri, 28 Dec 2018 13:52:42 MST