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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells that affects both adults and children. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in children and adolescents, and often arises very rapidly over a short period (acute form). In adults, leukemia is more likely to take many years to develop (chronic form). The causes of leukemia are not well understood but appear to involve a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Among U.S. adults, acute myeloid leukemia is the most common type of leukemia, representing 1.2% of all new cancer cases and 1.8% of deaths. This equates to 21,450 cases and 10,290 deaths annually. The five-year survival rate is 24%. Among children and teens, leukemia accounts for around 1/3rd of all childhood cancers, with around 25% of childhood leukemia being acute myeloid leukemia. Among all age groups, New Mexico has averaged 81 new cases of acute myeloid leukemia each year between 2010 and 2015 among all age groups. Rates of diagnosis have increased by approximately 34% since 1990, which is consistent with national trends.

Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.

Definition

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with AML within a specified time period and age group. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed AML cases; and 2) age-adjusted AML incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). Measures are calculated for children and all ages combined. Childhood rates (< 15 years of age and < 20 years of age) are expressed per 1,000,000 persons. Rates for all ages are expressed per 100,000 persons.

Numerator

The number of AML cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recodes for AML: 35021 (acute myeloid leukemia). http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/

Denominator

The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 23 October 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Thu, 16 May 2019 10:51:26 MDT