Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Melanoma of the Skin
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that involves changes in cells called melanocytes, which produce the skin pigment called melanin. Compared to other forms of skin cancer, melanoma has a stronger propensity to spread throughout the body and cause death, if left untreated. Early detection is therefore important and treatment is often curative, when the melanoma is found in early stages. The primary risk factor for melanoma is excess ultraviolet radiation exposure (from the sun, sunlamps, or tanning beds) and prevention efforts are aimed at reduction of overexposure to ultraviolet light (UV light). Each year in the U.S., about 75,000 new cases of melanoma are diagnosed, and 9,000 deaths occur due to melanoma. Males are at roughly 50% higher risk than females, and about half the cases diagnosed each year in the U.S. occur in persons under the age of 60 years.
Incidence of Melanoma of the Skin - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2007-2009
NotesData have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
- Population Data Source: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.
- Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
DefinitionMelanoma of the skin incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with melanoma of the skin during a specified time period. Measures include: 1) the number of newly diagnosed melanoma of the skin cases; and 2) age-adjusted incidence rate of melanoma of the skin (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons. Measures are provided by sex and race/ethnicity.
NumeratorThe number of cases of melanoma of the skin newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute?s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for melanoma (SEER Recode B: 25010; ICD-O-3 codes: primary site C440-C449, histologies 8720-8790; Invasive melanoma (behavior code 3).
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
Page Content Updated On 06/22/2014, Published on 06/22/2014