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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer accounts for about 3% of all cancers annually diagnosed. Primarily an adult disease, it is one of the least deadly cancers and is different from other adult cancers in that it occurs much more frequently in younger adults, particularly in women between the ages of 20 and 55 years. Thyroid cancer is the most common form of cancer in adult women under age 35 years, accounting for 20% of all cancers. The cause of thyroid cancer is largely unknown, but likely involves both hereditary and environmental factors. High head and neck exposure to ionizing radiation is a known cause of thyroid cancer, but such exposures account for few cases. The observed high incidence in women of reproductive age strongly suggests an involvement with reproductive hormones, but the mechanism is unknown. Other factors that may increase thyroid cancer risk include family history of thyroid cancer or goiter.

Incidence of Thyroid Cancer - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2006-2008


Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center,
  • Population Data Source: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico.


Thyroid cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with thyroid cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed thyroid cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted thyroid cancer incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.


The number of thyroid cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for thyroid cancer: 32010.


The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
Page Content Updated On 08/23/2011, Published on 06/23/2011
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 18 January 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 13:06:56 MDT