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Health Indicator Report of HIV Infection - New Stage 3 Infections

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and is an infection which progressively damages the immune system. When left untreated over time HIV infection can leave a person vulnerable to potentially deadly opportunistic infections, advancement to the most severe form of infection (i.e., AIDS or stage 3 HIV infection), or death. The global epidemic of HIV infection was first recognized in 1981^1^ and since then advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment have made significant impacts in reducing the burden of HIV worldwide, including in the United States. Nonetheless, tens-of-thousands of new infections and hundreds-of-thousands of chronic infections continue to be reported each year, resulting in tens-of-billions of dollars in health care costs, demonstrates that HIV remains a significant public health problem in the United States^2-4^. With an average of 143 new HIV infections reported annually and over 3,000 new or chronic HIV infections reported in 2013^5^, HIV infection is also an important health issue in New Mexico. [[br]][[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont # Gottlieb, M.S., ''Pneumocystis pneumonia--Los Angeles.'' 1981. Am J Public Health, 2006. '''96'''(6): p. 980-1; discussion 982-3. # Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2013'', 2014, enters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-82. # Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ''HIV Surveillance Report, 2014'', 2015, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Atlanta, GA USA. p. 1-123. # Hutchinson, A.B., et al., ''The economic burden of HIV in the United States in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: evidence of continuing racial and ethnic differences''. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2006. '''43'''(4): p. 451-7. # New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH), ''Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Stage 3 Infection (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome [AIDS]) Among Adults and Adolescents in New Mexico - 2013'', Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Surveillance and Epidemiology Program, Editor 2015, New Mexico Department of Health: Santa Fe, New Mexico USA. p. 1-32. }}

Data Sources

  • Numerator data are derived from the New Mexico Electronic HIV & AIDS Reporting System (eHARS) database. HIV Surveillance & Epidemiology Program, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Bureau, Epidemiology & Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.
  • U.S. data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Surveillance Report, (Multiple years and volumes). http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/library/reports/surveillance/.

Definition

New diagnoses of stage 3 HIV infection (i.e., AIDS), New Mexico total; number and rate (cases per 100,000 population), by year and public health region.

Numerator

1st numerator: Incident stage 3 HIV cases: Number of new diagnoses of stage 3 HIV infection (i.e., AIDS), New Mexico total. 2nd numerator: Incident rapid onset stage 3 HIV cases: Number of new stage 3 HIV infection within 12 Months of HIV Diagnosis, New Mexico total. For Stage 3 (AIDS) Within 12 Months of HIV Diagnosis, the numerator is the number of HIV cases that were diagnosed as stage 3 within 12 months of their HIV diagnosis.

Denominator

1st denominator: Number of persons in the underlying population 2nd denominator: Number of new HIV diagnoses
Page Content Updated On 01/22/2016, Published on 01/22/2016
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Mon, 26 August 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Mon, 11 Jan 2016 17:35:30 MST