Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Health Indicator Report of Influenza and Pneumonia Deaths

Influenza (flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. Illness from influenza viruses can be severe and can lead to complications such as pneumonia and death. (1). Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs due to a variety of causes that can also be severe and lead to complications, including death. Some people, such as older people, young children, and people with certain health conditions, are at higher risk for serious complications and death from influenza and pneumonia. In 2012, Pneumonia and/or influenza were the 10th leading cause of death as underlying causes of death in New Mexico. Among the high risk populations they were the 6th and 8th leading causes for young children (1-4 years) and older adults (85+ years), respectively. (2)

Influenza and Pneumonia Deaths by County, New Mexico, 2013-2017


Deaths from influenza and pneumonia include all deaths with an underlying cause with ICD10 codes J09-J18. ICD10 codes are classifications of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases. Underlying causes of death are diseases or injuries that initiated the chain of events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury.   Death rates have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program,
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (


Deaths from influenza and pneumonia (underlying cause with ICD10: J09-J18) per 100,000 population, age-adjusted.


Number of pneumonia and influenza deaths


Number of persons in the population

Other Objectives

Related to Healthy People 2020 Objective IID-12: Increase the percentage of children and adults who are vaccinated annually against seasonal influenza. New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI)

Evidence-based Practices

Yearly influenza vaccination is a proven way to prevent many individuals from getting the flu and to decrease the severity and complications from flu. It is recommended that everyone 6 months and older receive the vaccine. (3) Certain vaccines help prevent some types of pneumonia. Good hygiene practices can also help prevent respiratory infections such as influenza and pneumonia. Good hygiene for prevention of respiratory infections includes washing your hands regularly, cleaning hard surfaces that are touched often (like doorknobs and countertops), and coughing or sneezing into a tissue or into your elbow or sleeve. You can also reduce your risk of getting pneumonia by staying healthy (preventing chronic illnesses such as diabetes and HIV/AIDS) and limiting exposure to cigarette smoke. (4)
Page Content Updated On 12/05/2018, Published on 01/09/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 28 January 2022 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Wed, 1 May 2019 12:38:44 MDT