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Health Indicator Report of Injury - Firearm Injury Deaths

Firearm related violence is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In the U.S., more than 38,600 persons died of a firearm injury in 2016, an average of 106 deaths per day. In 2016, firearm was the third leading cause of injury death in NM after poisoning (29.3 per 100,000) and motor vehicle traffic (19.0 per 100,000) deaths. Firearm injuries contributed significantly to premature mortality in NM, accounting for a total of 11,704 Years of Potential Life Lost (YPPL) before the age of 75 years. Suicide due to firearm injuries ranked as the the sixth leading cause of premature death (6,156 YPPL's) in the state.

Firearm Injury Death by U.S. States, 2016

In 2016, New Mexico had the eighth highest age-adjusted firearm injury death rate in the U.S., 18.1 per 100,000.
In 2016, New Mexico had the eighth highest age-adjusted firearm injury death rate in the U.S., 18.1 per 100,000.


Firearm deaths were defined by underlying cause of death based on the International Classification of Diseases, version 10 (ICD-10) codes.   All rates are per 100,000, age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. (#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (

Data Interpretation Issues

Firearm deaths include only NM resident deaths. Deaths for persons of unknown age are not included in age-adjusted rates.


The firearm death rate is defined as the number of deaths attributed to firearm injury per 100,000 population.


The total number of firearm deaths per year.


The estimated mid-year population.

Healthy People Objective: IVP-30, Reduce firearm-related deaths

U.S. Target: 9.2 deaths per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

In 2016, the age-adjusted firearm death rate was 17.8 per 100,000, accounting for 381 deaths among NM residents. From 2012-2016, most firearm deaths were due to intentional self-harm (69.0%), followed by assault (25.7%) and legal intervention (3.3%). Only 0.6% of firearm injury deaths were unintentional. Firearm was the leading cause of violent death in NM, accounting for 51.8% of intentional self-harm deaths (suicide) and 60.8% of assault deaths (homicide).

How Are We Doing?

Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia, New Mexico had the eighth highest age-adjusted rate of firearm death in 2016, 18.5 per 100,000 population.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Over the past 18 years, firearm death rates in NM have been consistently higher than U.S. rates. In 2016, the NM firearm death rate was 51% higher than the U.S. rate.
Page Content Updated On 02/12/2018, Published on 02/12/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 17 January 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Mon, 12 Feb 2018 10:29:26 MST