Health Indicator Report of Life Expectancy from Age 65
Life Expectancy is often used to gauge the overall health of a community. Shifts in life expectancy are often used to describe trends in mortality. Being able to predict how populations will age has enormous implications for the planning and provision of services and supports. Small increases in life expectancy translate into large increases in the population. As the life expectancy of a population lengthens, the number of people living with chronic illnesses tends to increase because chronic illnesses are more common among older persons.
Notes* Confidence intervals can be calculated only when there are one or more deaths in every five-year age group during the period. The Chiang method was used to calculate life expectancy for New Mexico. For more information, please visit http://ibis.health.state.nm.us/resource/LifeExp.html.
- New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
- U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.
- Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
Data Interpretation IssuesLife expectancy at birth is strongly influenced by infant and child mortality; life expectancy later in life, such as at age 65, reflects death rates at or above a given age and is independent of mortality at younger ages.
DefinitionLife expectancy is an estimate of the expected average number of years of life (or a person's age at death) for individuals who were born into a particular population. Life expectancy at birth measures health status across all age groups. Life expectancy at age 65 is often used as a measure of a healthy adult population.
NumeratorNot applicable. For information on life expectancy calculation, please see http://ibis.health.state.nm.us/resource/LifeExp.html.
DenominatorSee numerator note.
How Are We Doing?Prevention and control of infectious diseases has had a profound impact on life expectancy during the 20th century. In the United States life expectancy at birth from 1900 to 2000 increased from 48 to 74 years for men, and from 51 to 79 years for women. In contrast to life expectancy at birth, which increased sharply early in the century, life expectancy at age 65 improved primarily after 1950. Among U.S. men, life expectancy at age 65 rose from 12 to 16 years from 1950 to 2000, and among women from 12 to 19 years. Improvements in nutrition, hygiene, and medical care contributed to decreases in death rates throughout the lifespan.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Women typically outlive men. Using the mortality experience of New Mexicans in 2014, females living in New Mexico can expect to live 80.8 years, and males can expect to live 74.8 years.
What Is Being Done?Life expectancy has been increasing for... well, since records have been kept. Now that people are living longer, it is important to look at ways that those added years can be lived in good health. Exercise, healthy diet and weight, not smoking, moderate use of alcohol and injury prevention habits such as wearing seat belts all contribute to a healthy life span. Improvements in life expectancy increase the proportion of older individuals living in society. Policy-makers must be aware of this trend in order to provide viable and attractive options for elderly persons who require assistance with activities of daily living.
Page Content Updated On 01/17/2018, Published on 01/17/2018