Health Indicator Report of Mental Health - Youth Attempted Suicide
In NM in 2015, suicide was the leading cause of death, tied with unintentional injuries, for youth between the ages of 15 and 19. In the U.S. in 2015, according to the CDC, suicide was the second leading cause of death for this same age group. While girls are more likely than boys to attempt suicide, boys are more likely to die of suicide. A previous suicide attempt is among the strongest risk factors for completed suicide.
NotesThe NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.
Data SourceNew Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
Data Interpretation IssuesRates for 2001 and 2003 are based upon a different sampling methodology than for the years 2005-2017. Since 2005, the NM sampling methodology was consistent with the methodology recommended by CDC and was consistent with other states participating in the YRBSS. The questionnaire item was identical to that used by the national YRBSS questionnaire and other participating YRBSS states' questionnaires. For more information, see "2015 NM-YRRS Survey Results Report: Mental Health and Related Behaviors", available at http://www.youthrisk.org/pdf/YRRS_Mental_Health_Report_2015.pdf.
DefinitionPercentage of students grades 9-12 in a NM public school who reported attempting suicide at least one time, in the past 12 months.
NumeratorNumber of students who answered, "1 time", "2 or 3 times", "4 or 5 times", or "6 or more times", to the question, "During the past 12 months, how many times did you actually attempt suicide?"
DenominatorTotal number of respondents who answered the question, "During the past 12 months, how many times did you actually attempt suicide?"
Healthy People Objective: MHMD-2, Reduce suicide attempts by adolescentsU.S. Target: 1.7 suicide attempts per 100
Other ObjectivesSubstance Abuse Epidemiology Report Indicator, Mental Health Report Indicator
How Are We Doing?The percentage of NM high school students who attempted suicide has decreased from 12.9% in 2001 to 9.4% in 2015.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The percentage of US high school students who attempted suicide has risen slowly since 2009, while the NM rate has decreased. There is no significant difference between the NM rate (9.4%) and the US rate (8.6%).
What Is Being Done?The NM Department of Health continues to analyze and share data, reports and presentations with each year of completed YRRS surveys. School administrators and youth health advocates utilize this information to guide health promotion and treatment programs for youth in NM. Youth suicide prevention and intervention activities were initially funded by the NM Legislature in June 2005. Implementation of suicide prevention strategies statewide is a significant focus of the NM Department of Health's Office of School and Adolescent Health (OSAH). Suicide prevention activities include: 1) Providing funding for statewide crisis line response to people at risk for suicide. 2) Identifying and developing relationships with existing crisis line operators statewide to enhance statewide suicide crisis response capacity. 3) Raising awareness that suicide is a public health problem and supporting initiatives to decrease stigma surrounding mental health issues. 4) Ensuring screening, early identification, referral and follow-up for suicide risk through Student Health Questionnaires for each student who accesses school-based health centers (SBHC). 5) Offering intensive training and technical assistance for all school-based health centers surrounding identification of signs of suicide, suicide prevention and crisis response planning. 6) Gatekeeper training for educators, Medical and Behavioral Health providers, community members and youth; Natural Helper Programs; implementation and support for Gay-Straight Alliances; intensive training for school nurses; and psychiatric consultation for school counselors and school-based health center providers. 7) Providing School Health Updates, Head to Toe Conference and other regional trainings to increase awareness and knowledge of the risk factors and warning signs of suicide among school counselors, school health personnel, and behavioral health providers on suicide, crisis response and grief and trauma support in the school setting.
Evidence-based PracticesFor reviews of evidence-based practices, please see: -US Preventive Services Task Force: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/ -Centers for Disease Control and Prevention?s Community Guide: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/index.html -Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration?s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices: http://www.samhsa.gov/nrepp
Available ServicesIf you or someone you know is in a life-threatening position, please call 911 To talk to a counselor or ask questions about treatment 24/7, call the New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474) If you or someone you know is considering suicide, please call one of the following hotlines to talk to someone: -New Mexico Crisis Line: 1-855-NMCRISIS (662-7474) -National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/): 1-800-273-TALK (8255). En Espaol: 1-888-628-9495 -Teen to Teen Peer Counseling Hotline: 1-877-YOUTHLINE (1-877-968-8454) -Native Youth Crisis Hotline: 1-877-209-1266 -Veterans Peer Support Line: 1-877-Vet2Vet (1-800-877-838-2838) -University of New Mexico Agora Crisis Line (http://www.unm.edu/~agora/): 505-277-3013 or 1-866-HELP-1-NM -Graduate Student Hotline: 1-800-GRADHLP (1-800-472-3457) -Postpartum Depression Hotline: 1-800-PPD-MOMS (1-800-773-6667) To see if you or your child attends a school with a school-based health center, please visit: http://www.nmasbhc.org/SBHC_Locator.html If you would like to seek treatment, please contact: -PullTogether.org (https://pulltogether.org): 1-800-691-9067 -New Mexico Children, Youth & Families Department (https://cyfd.org) at 1-505-827-8008 -SAMHSA Treatment Referral Helpline: 1‑800-662-HELP (4357), also online at https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/ -The SKY Center (http://nmsip.org/services/sky-center/): 1-505-473-6191 -Search Providers in Bernalillo County: http://cepr.unm.edu/tools/ABQ-Providers.html -New Mexico Social Service Resource Directory (https://www.nmresourcedirectory.org/SitePages/Home.aspx): 1-800-432-2080 -SHARE New Mexico Resource Directory: http://www.sharenm.org/communityplatform/newmexico/directory/landing -United Way Central New Mexico Referral Service (http://www.referweb.net/uwcnm/): 505-245-1735 Resources for veterans and their families: http://www.mentalhealth.gov/get-help/veterans/index.html For contact information for your local New Mexico Core Service Agency, please visit: http://www.bhc.state.nm.us/pdf/CSA%20FACTS%20AT%20A%20GLANCE_BASIC%20INFO%20AND%20Q&A%208_19.pdf To join a support group organized by Optum Health, please register at: https://www.optumhealthnewmexico.com/consumer/en/communitySearch.jsp If you would like to be involved in community suicide prevention, please contact one of the following groups: -New Mexico Suicide Intervention Project (http://nmsip.org/): 505-820-1066 -New Mexico Suicide Prevention Coalition (http://www.nmsuicideprevention.org/): 505-401-9382 -Southern New Mexico Suicide Prevention and Suicide Support Coalition: http://endsuicide.net/
Health Program InformationThe YRRS is a tool to assess the health risk behaviors and resiliency (protective) factors of NM high school and middle school students. The YRRS is part of the national CDC YRBSS, but the survey results have widespread benefits for NM at the state, county, and school district levels. Topic areas for the YRRS include risk behaviors related to alcohol and drug use, unintentional injury, violence, suicidal ideation and attempts, tobacco use, sexual activity, physical activity, and nutrition; resiliency (protective) factors such as relationships in the family, school, community, and with peers; and health status issues such as body weight and asthma. The YRRS is administered to a sample of high schools and middle schools in each school district in the fall of odd-numbered years. All data are self-reported by students who voluntarily complete the survey during one class period. NM Department of Health, Office of School and Adolescent Health Youth Suicide Prevention Program Coordinator: Nancy Kirkpatrick, 505-222-8683 NM Department of Health, Epidemiology and Response Division, Mental Health Epidemiologist: Carol Moss, 505-476-1440
Page Content Updated On 12/27/2018, Published on 02/13/2019