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Health Indicator Report of New Mexico Population - Poverty Among Children Under Age 18

Poverty in the early years of a child's life, more than at any other time, has especially harmful effects on continuing healthy development and well-being, including developmental delays and infant mortality. Well-being in later childhood, such as teen pregnancy, substance abuse, and educational attainment, are also influenced by early childhood poverty. Children born into poverty are less likely to have regular health care, proper nutrition, and opportunities for mental stimulation and enrichment.
New Mexico's child poverty rate has consistently been about 30% higher than the U.S. rate.

Notes

95% confidence intervals were calculated from the SAIPE 90% confidence intervals. Statewide totals and percentages will differ between estimates made using U.S. Census SAIPE and ACS values, due to rounding differences and dissimilar methodologies.

Data Sources

  • U.S. Census Bureau, Data Integration Division, Small Area Estimates Branch, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE). http://www.census.gov/did/www/saipe/
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.

Definition

The estimated number and percentage of children under age 18 living in households with income below the federal poverty level.

Numerator

Estimated number of children age 17 and under living in households whose income is below 100% of the federal poverty level as defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household, and are updated in January of each year. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $25,100. The U.S. Poverty Guidelines may be found at the [http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/ Health and Human Services website].

Denominator

The estimated number of children age 17 and under in the population.

Healthy People Objective: SDOH-3.2, Proportion of children aged 0-17 years living in poverty

U.S. Target: Not applicable

Other Objectives

New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI) New Mexico Early Learning Indicator

How Are We Doing?

The percentage of children in poverty peaked in New Mexico in 2013 at 30.1%. The percentage has declined in the last two years and now stands at 27.2%, still over 30% higher than the U.S. rate of 20.7%.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

New Mexico is one of the most impoverished states in the nation, ranking above only Mississippi and Louisiana in 2015 for percentage of children in poverty.
Page Content Updated On 01/08/2019, Published on 01/08/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 18 January 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Tue, 8 Jan 2019 18:08:20 MST