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Health Indicator Report of New Mexico Population - Poverty Among All Persons

Poverty takes into account both income and family size, and has both immediate and long-lasting effects on health. Income provides an assessment of the financial resources available to individual persons or families for basic necessities (e.g., food, clothing, and health care) to maintain or improve their well-being. Persons living in poverty are worse off than persons in more affluent households for many of the indicators tracked by the New Mexico Department of Health.


Poverty status is determined by comparing household income to poverty thresholds (income cutoffs). Thresholds vary by family size and number of children under 18 in the household. For instance, the poverty level for a family of four in 2018 is $24,600.

Data Source

U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.

Data Interpretation Issues

The U.S. Poverty Guidelines are published in January of each year, and may be found online at The county data estimates were modeled by the U.S. Census Bureau. Estimated standard errors provide confidence intervals around each estimate that can be used to evaluate the quality of the estimate.


The estimated percentage of persons living in households whose income is at or below the federal poverty level.


Estimated number of persons living in households whose income is below 100% of the federal poverty level as defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


Estimated number of persons in the population.

Healthy People Objective: SDOH-3.1, Proportion of persons living in poverty

U.S. Target: Not applicable

How Are We Doing?

in 2013, New Mexico's poverty rate peaked at 21.4%, the highest it had been over the past two decades. The rate has begun to decline, but at 19.8% is still higher than average for New Mexico, and is 35% higher than the U.S. rate of 14.7%.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In 2015, New Mexico was one of the most impoverished states in the nation. With 19.8% of its population living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, New Mexico's poverty rate was the second highest in the nation, behind only Mississippi.
Page Content Updated On 01/19/2018, Published on 01/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 26 April 2019 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 10:20:19 MST