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Health Indicator Report of Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL - Premature Mortality) Before Age 75

YPLLs can show the burden of premature deaths due to a particular cause of death within a population. YPLLs can also be used to distinguish the burden of premature death in populations. Unlike crude and standard age-adjusted measures, YPLL emphasizes the processes underlying premature death in a population. By giving weight to each year of expected life lost, the YPLL measure values deaths at younger ages more. Deaths at younger ages are more likely due to preventable causes and can be decreased by intervention and education efforts.

Premature Mortality (YPLL) per 100,000 Population From All Causes of Death by Small Area, New Mexico, 2012-2016


YPLL in this graph has not been age-adjusted. "Premature" mortality for this indicator has been defined here as, "death at an age younger than 75."

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program,


YPLL can be defined as the years of potential life lost due to premature death.


Sum of years of life lost is 75 minus the age at death, summed across all deaths of persons under age 75.


New Mexico population.

How Are We Doing?

Improvements in nutrition, hygiene, and medical care have contributed to decreases in death rates and years of life lost throughout the lifespan of all New Mexicans and Americans. Specifically, prevention and control of infectious diseases have improved the quality of life for all persons.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

YPLL in New Mexico is higher than that in the U.S.Age-adjusted YPLL before age 75 was 7,608.5 years in New Mexico compared with 6,474.3 in the United States, overall.

What Is Being Done?

Now that people are living longer, it is important to look at ways that those added years can be lived in good health. Exercise, healthy diet and weight, not smoking, moderate use of alcohol and injury prevention habits such as wearing seat belts all contribute to a healthy lifespan.
Page Content Updated On 04/29/2019, Published on 04/29/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site ( The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Mon, 24 January 2022 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site:".

Content updated: Mon, 29 Apr 2019 16:48:07 MDT