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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Mental Health - Adult Depression

Problem Statement

Depression is one of the most prevalent and treatable mental disorders. Major depression is usually associated with co-morbid mental disorders, such as anxiety and substance use disorders, and impairment of a person's ability to function in work, home, relationship, and social roles. Depression is also a risk factor for suicide and attempted suicide. In addition, depressive disorders have been associated with an increased prevalence of chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, asthma, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, and obesity.
Rates of current depression did not vary meaningfully by region of residence.


Chart 1. Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by Health Region, New Mexico, 2016

Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by Health Region, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

The Anxiety and Depression Module, included as a state-added module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2011 and 2016, comprises the first eight questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), an instrument that can establish a provisional depressive disorder diagnosis using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. These eight questions ask how many days over the past two weeks the respondents experienced each of the eight symptoms. The number of days during which symptoms were reported were converted to points; the number of points were then summed across the 8 questions to determine the severity of depressive symptoms. A cut-off score of 10 points or more was used to define current depression.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

Table 1. Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by Age, Sex and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2011

Percentage with Depression
Sex and Race/EthnicityAges 18-24Ages 25-64Ages 65+All Ages
Male, American Indian**10.3**0
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander******0
Male, Black******0
Male, Hispanic7.895.60
Male, White9.394.30
Male, All Races8.29.24.90
Female, American Indian**16.52.30
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander******0
Female, Black**12.8**0
Female, Hispanic8.215.46.50
Female, White9.713.35.20
Female, All Races8.514.45.60
Both Sexes, American Indian**13.31.30
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander******0
Both Sexes, Black**13.5**0
Both Sexes, Hispanic812.26.20
Both Sexes, White9.511.34.80
Both Sexes, All Races8.411.85.30


Data Notes

The Anxiety and Depression Module, included as a state-added module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2011 and 2016, comprises the first eight questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), an instrument that can establish a provisional depressive disorder diagnosis using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. These eight questions ask how many days over the past two weeks the respondents experienced each of the eight symptoms. The number of days during which symptoms were reported were converted to points; the number of points were then summed across the 8 questions to determine the severity of depressive symptoms. A cut-off score of 10 points or more was used to define current depression.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

Problem Statement (continued)

The prevalence of current depression was highest among adults 25-64years, slightly higher among females than males across the age range, and higher among American Indian adults and Hispanic adults than White adults. Depression was more common among American Indian females and Hispanic females than among White females.
Data reveal that Black and American Indian adults have higher rates of depression. These groups are followed by Hispanic and White adults.

Table 2. Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by County and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2011

Percentage with Depression
CountyAmerican IndianAsian PIBlackHispanicWhiteAll Races
Bernalillo13.6****11.29.610.4
Catron************
Chaves******17.411.414.5
Cibola********88.8
Colfax**********16.5
Curry********6.38.5
De Baca************
Dona Ana******9.58.89.3
Eddy******21.910.614.4
Grant********7.38.3
Guadalupe************
Harding************
Hidalgo************
Lea******3.515.69.4
Lincoln********7.79.4
Los Alamos********13.615.5
Luna**********12.7
McKinley9.2****5.18.48.2
Mora************
Otero********14.212.6
Quay**********22.2
Rio Arriba******12**13.9
Roosevelt********13.39.1
Sandoval******9.79.48.3
San Juan12.2****0.88.88.3
San Miguel******18.2**18.5
Santa Fe******118.69.2
Sierra**********24
Socorro**********8.6
Taos******6.63.65.7
Torrance**********10.7
Union************
Valencia******7.38.68.3
NM11.47.212.110.89.710.3


Data Notes

The Anxiety and Depression Module, included as a state-added module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2011 and 2016, comprises the first eight questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), an instrument that can establish a provisional depressive disorder diagnosis using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. These eight questions ask how many days over the past two weeks the respondents experienced each of the eight symptoms. The number of days during which symptoms were reported were converted to points; the number of points were then summed across the 8 questions to determine the severity of depressive symptoms. A cut-off score of 10 points or more was used to define current depression.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers. The county-level BRFSS data used for this indicator report were weighted to be representative of the New Mexico Health Region populations. Had the data been weighted to be representative of each county population, the results would likely have been different.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

Chart 2. Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by County, New Mexico, 2016



Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by County, New Mexico, 2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

The Anxiety and Depression Module, included as a state-added module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2011 and 2016, comprises the first eight questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), an instrument that can establish a provisional depressive disorder diagnosis using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. These eight questions ask how many days over the past two weeks the respondents experienced each of the eight symptoms. The number of days during which symptoms were reported were converted to points; the number of points were then summed across the 8 questions to determine the severity of depressive symptoms. A cut-off score of 10 points or more was used to define current depression.   (#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are extremely unstable. (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers The county-level BRFSS data used for this indicator report were weighted to be representative of the New Mexico Health Region populations. Had the data been weighted to be representative of each county population, the results may have been different.

Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

Chart 3. Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by County, New Mexico, 2016

Current Depression, Adults Aged 18+ by County, New Mexico, 2016

supplemental image

Data Notes

The Anxiety and Depression Module, included as a state-added module of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2011 and 2016, comprises the first eight questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8), an instrument that can establish a provisional depressive disorder diagnosis using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. These eight questions ask how many days over the past two weeks the respondents experienced each of the eight symptoms. The number of days during which symptoms were reported were converted to points; the number of points were then summed across the 8 questions to determine the severity of depressive symptoms. A cut-off score of 10 points or more was used to define current depression.
Page Content Updated On 03/30/2018, Published on 05/30/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 03 June 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 30 May 2018 17:04:25 MDT