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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Tobacco Use - Adult Smoking Prevalence

Problem Statement

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Smoking is initiated and established primarily during adolescence, with more than 80% of adult smokers first smoking before age 18. One in six adults and one in nine youth smoke in New Mexico. About half of all lifetime smokers will die early because of their tobacco use. In New Mexico, about 2,800 people die from tobacco use annually and another 84,000 are living with tobacco-related diseases. Annual smoking-related medical costs in New Mexico total $844 million. According to the CDC's SAMMEC (Smoking Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs) website, smoking is responsible for a significant proportion of the deaths from numerous types of malignant neoplasms (e.g., lung, esophageal, and laryngeal cancers); from cardiovascular diseases (e.g., ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease); and from several respiratory diseases (e.g., bronchitis, emphysema, chronic airway obstruction). Combined, these smoking-related deaths make smoking the leading behavioral cause of death in the United States.


Chart 1. Adult Smoking Prevalence by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2011-2017

Adult Smoking Prevalence by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2011-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

**U.S. data for 2017 is not yet available.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence].

Table 1. Adult Smoking Prevalence by Age, Sex and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2016

Percentage Current Smokers
Sex and Race/EthnicityAges 18-24Ages 25-64Ages 65+All Ages
Male, American Indian34.518.37.820.1
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander**10.7**13.1
Male, Black**34.1**34.3
Male, Hispanic17.925.812.522.6
Male, White19.419.7916.8
Male, All Races20.422.610.520
Female, American Indian7.79.44.38.5
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander**16.8**12.1
Female, Black**34.7**28.2
Female, Hispanic10.8169.714.4
Female, White25.920.68.617.1
Female, All Races14.617.68.715.3
Both Sexes, American Indian19.713.75.713.9
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander**13.7**12.6
Both Sexes, Black**34.419.731.1
Both Sexes, Hispanic14.520.81118.4
Both Sexes, White22.420.28.817
Both Sexes, All Races17.620.19.517.6


Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

Problem Statement (continued)

In 2012, smoking was more prevalent among adults aged 25-64 (22.2%), than among young adults aged 18-24 (18.4%) or adults aged 65 and over (10.1%). New Mexico men were more likely to smoke than women (22.2% vs 16.8%). Among males, Hispanic males had the highest smoking prevalence (24.3%), followed by American Indian males (22.5%) and White males (19.7%). Among females, the highest prevalence of smoking was among White females (19.5%), followed by Black females (18.2%).

Table 2. Adult Smoking Prevalence by County and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2016

Percentage Current Smokers
CountyAmerican IndianAsian PIBlackHispanicWhiteAll Races
Bernalillo13.6**301816.317.4
Catron********22.121.5
Chaves******19.920.619.7
Cibola22.4****27.418.122.7
Colfax******17.414.116.2
Curry******27.23030.6
De Baca************
Dona Ana******1615.315.6
Eddy******17.922.720.7
Grant******1216.114.2
Guadalupe************
Harding************
Hidalgo**********18
Lea******14.524.919.5
Lincoln******29.422.325.3
Los Alamos********6.88.8
Luna******18.330.621.8
McKinley6.9****24.714.810.9
Mora******12.6**11.7
Otero20.1****16.622.119.7
Quay******3119.725.2
Rio Arriba9.9****22.12020.7
Roosevelt******14.818.217.1
Sandoval23.3****14.313.515.3
San Juan12.1****24.919.317.6
San Miguel******23.98.719.9
Santa Fe******16.510.713.6
Sierra********21.820.9
Socorro******3721.227.5
Taos******12.51215.3
Torrance********13.723.8
Union********10.319.8
Valencia******25.823.426.1
NM13.912.631.118.41717.6


Data Source

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.

Chart 2. Adult Smoking Prevalence by County, New Mexico, 2015-2017



Adult Smoking Prevalence by County, New Mexico, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

**Percentages based on fewer than 50 completed surveys are not shown because they do not meet the DOH standard for data release. The following counties did not meet the DOH small numbers rule in the combined 2015-2017 dataset: DeBaca, Guadalupe, Harding, and Hidalgo. The county-level BRFSS data used for this smoking indicator were weighted to be representative of the New Mexico Health Region populations. Had the data been weighted to be representative of each county population, the results would likely have been different.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence].

Chart 3. Adult Smoking Prevalence by County, New Mexico, 2014-2016

Adult Smoking Prevalence by County, New Mexico, 2014-2016

supplemental image

Page Content Updated On 10/11/2018, Published on 10/23/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 03 June 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Tue, 23 Oct 2018 16:08:46 MDT