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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Alcohol - Alcohol-related Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash (MVTC) Death

Problem Statement

Alcohol-related motor vehicle traffic crash (AR-MVTC) death has historically been the leading cause of alcohol-related injury death. Nonetheless, AR-MVTC deaths provide a hopeful example of a substance-related health outcome that has been successfully reduced by using a public health approach, both nationally and in New Mexico. From 1982 through 2010, in response to a wide range of policy and preventive interventions, New Mexico's alcohol-impaired motor vehicle traffic crash (AI-MVTC) fatality rate declined more dramatically than the US rate, decreasing 83% and dropping New Mexico from first to tenth among states in AI-MVTC fatalities per 100,000 population. In terms of deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT), New Mexico's AI-MVTC fatality rate in 2015 (0.38) was one-sixth what it was in 1982 (2.4). Furthermore, a comprehensive AR-MVTC prevention campaign in place from 2005-2009 was successful in reinitiating rate decreases that had been stalled since the late 1990s. From 2004 to 2012 New Mexico's AI-MVTC fatality rate per 100 million VMT dropped 42%. Rates increased slightly in 2014 and dropped back in 2015. (2016 data not available at the NHTSA website yet.)


Chart 1. Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 1990-2016

Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 1990-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.   Source: Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]

Table 1. Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by Age, Sex and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2013-2017

Number of DeathsDeaths per 100,000 Population
Sex and Race/EthnicityAges 0-24Ages 25-64Ages 65+All AgesAges 0-24Ages 25-64Ages 65+All Ages
Male, American Indian2287211211.638.25.924.4
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander10012.3001.9
Male, Black26193.69.65.27
Male, Hispanic5614062015.311.52.58.1
Male, White2197111294.392.36.6
Male, All Races101332204535.612.62.69
Female, American Indian9321424.6131.58.5
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander00000000
Female, Black11032.5302.7
Female, Hispanic21392622.13.20.62.5
Female, White7214321.520.71.7
Female, All Races389561392.23.50.72.8
Both Sexes, American Indian3112031548.1253.316.2
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander11021.20.701
Both Sexes, Black381113.16.92.95.2
Both Sexes, Hispanic7717982633.77.31.55.3
Both Sexes, White281181416135.41.54.2
Both Sexes, All Races139427265923.981.65.9


Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.   Age-specific rates (e.g., Ages 0-24) are per 100,000; all-ages rate is per 100,000, age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.

Problem Statement (continued)

The most pronounced feature of the demographic profile of AR-MVTC deaths is the elevated rates among both male and female American Indians. A finer breakdown by age (not shown) shows that rates are especially high -- 2 to 3.5 times the corresponding White rates -- among American Indian. Rates are highest in the age range 25-64.
McKinley and San Juan county rates are driven by the American Indian rates (both male and female rates are high); and Rio Arriba and Lea County rates are driven by high rates in Hispanics. Lea County also has a high death rate for Whites.

Table 2. Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by County and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2013-2017

Number of DeathsDeaths per 100,000 Population, Age-adjusted
CountyAmerican IndianAsian PIBlackHispanicWhiteAll RacesAmerican IndianAsian PIBlackHispanicWhiteAll Races
Bernalillo1704833911.103.94.92.9
Catron1000299.9******17.2
Chaves000126******6.45.1
Cibola12003123.1****5.32.9
Colfax00011**0**4.62.7
Curry00265**09.95.44.2
De Baca00001********20.2
Dona Ana001329****5.94.52.8
Eddy101111241.9**30.48.110.2
Grant000220****2.32.9
Guadalupe00030******18.7**
Harding00000**********
Hidalgo00001********5.3
Lea0011712****10.99.29.7
Lincoln00026******4.812
Los Alamos00001******02.4
Luna00023**002.68
McKinley54003220.6****76.3
Mora000310****17.741
Otero4014619.5**3.63.73.7
Quay00011******7.84.9
Rio Arriba1001115.2**08.25.4
Roosevelt000220**05.84.4
Sandoval10018611.6**4.432.1
San Juan460081617.9****76.5
San Miguel000410**03.92.5
Santa Fe1001694.20**4.33
Sierra00012******6.38.8
Socorro2003118.4****6.83.7
Taos2007323.6****8.96.5
Torrance000220****66.4
Union00001******03.6
Valencia20016611.5****7.16.1
New Mexico15421126316116.215.25.34.2
U.S.0000000000


Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]

Chart 2. Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by County, New Mexico, 2013-2017



Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by County, New Mexico, 2013-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.   All rates are per 100,000, age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]

Chart 3. Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by County, New Mexico, 2012-2016

Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by County, New Mexico, 2012-2016

supplemental image

Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.

Chart 4. Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by Small Area, New Mexico, 2005-2009



Alcohol-related MVTC Deaths by Small Area, New Mexico, 2005-2009

supplemental image



Data Notes

Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.   All rates are deaths per 100,000 population and have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
Page Content Updated On 11/20/2018, Published on 03/19/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 03 June 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Tue, 19 Mar 2019 09:25:40 MDT