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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Alcohol - Drinking and Driving Among Youth

Problem Statement

Drinking and driving is a major risk factor for motor vehicle accidents. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for youth aged 15-20 years. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), alcohol impaired-driving fatalities accounted for 29% of the total motor vehicle traffic fatalities in the US in 2015.* The rate of drinking and driving among New Mexico high school students has been decreasing since 2003, and decreasing among US high school students since at least 2001. In recent years, NM had a higher rate than the US, but since 2009 there has not been a statistical difference between the tworates. In 2015, the prevalence of past-30-day drinking and driving was 7.4% among NM high school students. Drinking and driving mostly increased in prevalence with increasing grade levels (9th = 6.1%; 10th = 4.6%; 11th = 8.6%; 12th = 9.4%). White (6.0%) and American Indian (6.7%) students had lower rates of drinking and driving than Asian/Pacific Islander (13.8%) students. The difference in rates between boys (8.2%) and girls (6.4%) was not statistically significant. In 2015, the drinking and driving rate was highest in Lea (14.2%), Colfax (13.0%), Roosevelt (12.3%), Socorro (11.7%), and Taos (11.1%) counties. The rate was lowest in Curry (2.6%), Chaves (3.2%), De Baca (3.9%), Guadalupe (5.7%), and San Juan (5.7%) counties. *https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812318
Drinking and driving is a major risk factor for motor vehicle accidents. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for youth aged 15-20 years. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), alcohol impaired-driving fatalities accounted for 29% of the total motor vehicle traffic fatalities in the US in 2015.* The rate of drinking and driving among New Mexico high school students has been decreasing since 2003, and decreasing among US high school students since at least 2001. In recent years, NM had a higher rate than the US, but since 2009 there has not been a statistical difference between the two rates. *https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812318


Chart 1. Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Table 1. Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by Grade, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage Drinking and Driving
Sex and Race/Ethnicity9th10th11th12thAll Grades
Male, American Indian9.49.56.7108.9
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander**********
Male, Black********7.7
Male, Hispanic4.257.213.87.7
Male, White1.62.376.34.8
Male, All Races5.15.26.9106.9
Female, American Indian3.62.94.15.63.9
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander**********
Female, Black**********
Female, Hispanic4.25.55.57.16.1
Female, White4.96.55.78.36.5
Female, All Races4.15.35.47.46
Both Sexes, American Indian7.76.45.386.8
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander********9.2
Both Sexes, Black********7.9
Both Sexes, Hispanic4.75.26.310.17
Both Sexes, White3.34.46.47.25.6
Both Sexes, All Races5.15.26.18.76.5


Data Notes

**Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Problem Statement

In 2015, the prevalence of past-30-day drinking and driving was 7.4% among NM high school students. Drinking and driving mostly increased in prevalence with increasing grade levels (9th = 6.1%; 10th = 4.6%; 11th = 8.6%; 12th = 9.4%). White (6.0%) and American Indian (6.7%) students had lower rates of drinking and driving than Asian/Pacific Islander (13.8%) students. The difference in rates between boys (8.2%) and girls (6.4%) was not statistically significant.
In 2015, the drinking and driving rate was highest in Lea (14.2%), Colfax (13.0%), Roosevelt (12.3%), Socorro (11.7%), and Taos (11.1%) counties. The rate was lowest in Curry (2.6%), Chaves (3.2%), De Baca (3.9%), Guadalupe (5.7%), and San Juan (5.7%) counties.

Table 2. Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage Drinking and Driving
County
Bernalillo5.4
Catron**
Chaves10
Cibola9.1
Colfax7.6
Curry2.3
De Baca**
Dona Ana7.4
Eddy10.1
Grant11.9
Guadalupe4
Harding**
Hidalgo7.9
Lea10.7
Lincoln8.5
Los Alamos6.8
Luna15.3
McKinley6.8
Mora9.4
Otero7.3
Quay4.2
Rio Arriba11.7
Roosevelt6.2
Sandoval6.5
San Juan6.4
San Miguel8.4
Santa Fe8.2
Sierra10.1
Socorro3.2
Taos10.9
Torrance5.3
Union6.3
Valencia5.9
New Mexico7.1
U.S.10


Data Notes

**Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Chart 2. Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017



Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

**Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Chart 3. Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

Youth Drinking and Driving (past 30 days), Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

supplemental image

Page Content Updated On 11/30/2018, Published on 12/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 04 December 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 19 Dec 2018 08:43:40 MST