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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Youth Current Cocaine Use

Problem Statement

Substance abuse among youth remains a major public health problem. Substance use and abuse can increase the risk for injuries, violence, HIV infection, and other diseases (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/alcoholdrug).
The New Mexico rate of current cocaine use decreased from 2003 (8.9%) to 2007 (5.4%) and has not shown significant change since then. The US rate decreased from 4.1% in 2003 to 2.8% in 2009, and has not significantly changed from 2009 to 2011. The New Mexico rate (5.2%) was higher than the US rate (3.0%) in 2011, and has been consistently higher than the US rate since 2003. The New Mexico rate in 2013 (5.3%) was higher than the US rate (3.0%) in 2011, and has been consistently higher than the US rate since 2003.


Chart 1. Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Table 1. Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by Grade, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage that Used Cocaine
Sex and Race/Ethnicity9th10th11th12thAll Grades
Male, American Indian2.17.82.56.64.5
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander********11.6
Male, Black********12.9
Male, Hispanic6.48.87.111.28.5
Male, White3.62.73.474.1
Male, All Races5.16.95.99.56.8
Female, American Indian5.67.83.63.75.2
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander********6.3
Female, Black********1.4
Female, Hispanic0.92.93.14.73.3
Female, White2.20.53.94.62.7
Female, All Races22.63.44.43.3
Both Sexes, American Indian4.27.835.25.1
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander**8.912.3**9.4
Both Sexes, Black8.35.5****8.5
Both Sexes, Hispanic3.95.757.75.8
Both Sexes, White2.91.63.65.83.4
Both Sexes, All Races3.84.74.66.95.1


Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Problem Statement

The difference in the rate between males (6.3%) and females (2.6%) was statistically significant. The rate of current cocaine use increased in prevalence with increasing grade levels Asian or Pacific Islander (11.8%) and Black (9.6%) students (11.0%) had higher rates of current cocaine use than Hispanic (5.1%), American Indian (3.4%), or White (2.5%) students. Differences between racial/ethnic groups were not statistically significant.
In 2015, the rate of past 30-day cocaine use was highest in Mora (10.5%), Socorro (10.2%), Roosevelt (8.4%), Hidalgo (8.4%), and Otero (7.9%) counties. The rate was lowest in Quay (2.2%), Union (2.2%), Los Alamos (2.3%), De Baca (3.0%), and Eddy (3.0%) counties.

Table 2. Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage that Used Cocaine
County
Bernalillo4.6
Catron0
Chaves5.4
Cibola5.2
Colfax5.1
Curry0.8
De Baca**
Dona Ana7.1
Eddy3.1
Grant7.2
Guadalupe4.7
Harding**
Hidalgo0.7
Lea6.2
Lincoln4.1
Los Alamos1.6
Luna7.6
McKinley5.8
Mora6.1
Otero3.2
Quay0.8
Rio Arriba9.4
Roosevelt2.2
Sandoval4.7
San Juan3.1
San Miguel4.3
Santa Fe4.1
Sierra9.9
Socorro4.6
Taos5.1
Torrance3.7
Union0.7
Valencia7.5
New Mexico5
U.S.**


Data Notes

**Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Chart 2. Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017



Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

**Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Chart 3. Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

Youth Current Cocaine Use, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

supplemental image

Page Content Updated On 11/30/2018, Published on 12/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 03 June 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 19 Dec 2018 08:41:53 MST