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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Mental Health - Youth Feeling Sad/Hopeless

Problem Statement

Feelings of sadness or hopelessness are a risk factor for depression. Students who report feelings of sadness or hopelessness are more likely than other students to report suicide attempts, cigarette smoking, binge drinking and illicit drug use. The prevalence of feelings of sadness or hopelessness among youth in NM and the US has remained relatively stable since 2001. In 2015, the prevalence among youth in NM (32.5%) was higher than that of the US (29.9%), although this difference was not statistically significant.
The percentage of New Mexican youth in 2017 experiencing feelings of sadness and hopelessness (35.8%) was significantly higher than that of United States youth (31.5%).


Chart 1. Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2001-2017

Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2001-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Table 1. Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Grade, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2015

Percentage Feeling Sad/Hopeless
Sex and Race/Ethnicity9th10th11th12thAll Grades
Male, American Indian28.627.333.117.30
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander********0
Male, Black35.3**29.2**0
Male, Hispanic1920.324.524.80
Male, White13.924.52823.20
Male, All Races19.523.127.323.10
Female, American Indian46.348.444.230.20
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander********0
Female, Black********0
Female, Hispanic44.739.843.636.50
Female, White43.248.738.444.50
Female, All Races44.443.741.938.60


Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers. (#) Values are unstable.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Problem Statement

The prevalence of feelings of sadness/hopelessness was significantly higher in girls compared to boys. The prevalence of feelings of sadness/hopelessness was significantly greater in 9th-grade Black boys (35.3%) compared to 9th-grade White (13.9%) and Hispanic (19%) boys. 12th-grade White girls had a higher prevalence of sad and hopeless feelings (44.5%) compared to 12th-grade American Indian girls (30.2%).
The prevalence of youth who felt sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in the past 12 months ranged from 23.3% in Mora County to 46.2% in Sierra County.

Table 2. Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage Feeling Sad/Hopeless
County
Bernalillo35.9
Catron30.1
Chaves34.2
Cibola37.6
Colfax35.8
Curry35.9
De Baca**
Dona Ana36.1
Eddy36.8
Grant34.3
Guadalupe34.5
Harding**
Hidalgo28
Lea36.4
Lincoln35.7
Los Alamos33.2
Luna42.4
McKinley42.9
Mora23.3
Otero38.8
Quay37.6
Rio Arriba38.9
Roosevelt40.8
Sandoval37
San Juan35.9
San Miguel33.2
Santa Fe39.8
Sierra46.2
Socorro32.1
Taos34.1
Torrance33.8
Union25.8
Valencia34.7
New Mexico35.8
U.S.31.5


Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Chart 2. Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017



Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Chart 3. Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

Youth With Persistent Feelings of Sadness and Hopelessness in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

supplemental image

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS), coordinated and designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.
Page Content Updated On 12/12/2018, Published on 12/12/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 04 December 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 12 Dec 2018 16:28:11 MST